Mottola (Mottolese: Mòtele, IPA: [ˈmɔːtələ]) is a town and comune in the province of Taranto and region of Apulia in southeast Italy.

Mottola
Mòtele  (Neapolitan)
Comune di Mottola
Chiesa Madre 2.jpg
Coat of arms of Mottola
Nickname(s): 
Spia dello Ionio
Location of Mottola
Mottola is located in Italy
Mottola
Mottola
Location of Mottola in Italy
Mottola is located in Apulia
Mottola
Mottola
Mottola (Apulia)
Coordinates: 40°38′N 17°02′E / 40.633°N 17.033°E / 40.633; 17.033Coordinates: 40°38′N 17°02′E / 40.633°N 17.033°E / 40.633; 17.033
CountryItaly
RegionApulia
ProvinceTaranto
Founded1300 BC[1]
Government
 • MayorGiovanni Piero Barulli
Area
 • Total213.96 km2 (82.61 sq mi)
Elevation
387 m (1,270 ft)
Population
 (31 December 2017)[3]
 • Total15,842
 • Density74/km2 (190/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Mottolesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
74017
Dialing code099
Patron saintSan Tommaso Becket
WebsiteOfficial website

It stands on a hill 387 metres (1,270 ft) above mean sea level[4] in the sub-region of Murgia. It is also called "The Ionian Spy" for its strategic geographical position. From various points of the town all of the Gulf of Taranto can be seen. The economy is based mostly on agriculture and food production (olives, wine, citrus fruits, vegetables). Tourism and the manufacture of wooden fixtures are also being developed.

HistoryEdit

Mottola's hill was inhabited since prehistory, as testified by several findings from that age.

In 1023, a "castellum" was built here by Byzantine catapan Basil Boioannes. During the subsequent Norman domination, the town became a diocese until 1818, when it lost the title for Castellaneta.

In 1653 the fief was sold to Francesco Caracciolo, Duke of Martina Franca. After the Italian unification, Mottola was a center of Brigandage.

Geography and climateEdit

Mottola enjoys a typical Mediterranean climate, with the greatest amounts of precipitation mainly occurring from mid-October to mid-April; any precipitation is sparse during summer and it generally takes the form of showers and/or thunderstorms. The average temperature varies from a low of 5 °C (41 °F) in January to a high of 28 °C (82 °F) in July and August. The wettest months are December and March averaging between 15 and 20 centimetres (5.9 and 7.9 in). Fog is highly usual in the town centre but it is less frequent in the outskirts, specially in the south part. Spring and fall (autumn) are considered ideal seasons for sightseeing and various outdoor activities. Summers can be particularly hot.

Climate data for Mottola
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 54
(12)
54
(12)
58
(14)
63
(17)
71
(22)
78
(26)
83
(28)
83
(28)
78
(26)
70
(21)
61
(16)
56
(13)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 41
(5)
41
(5)
44
(7)
48
(9)
55
(13)
62
(17)
67
(19)
67
(19)
62
(17)
56
(13)
48
(9)
43
(6)
53
(12)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.9
(48)
1.9
(48)
2.8
(71)
1.2
(30)
1.3
(33)
1.9
(48)
0.8
(20)
1.2
(30)
2
(51)
2.3
(58)
2
(51)
2.8
(71)
17.49
(444)
Source: weatherbase.com[5]

Main sightsEdit

 
A narrow street of the historical centre.
  • The cathedral (13th century, enlarged in 1507) and the Byzantine cave churches, dates from the medieval period, among which the most important are Saint Nicholas, Saint Margaret and Saint Angelus situated in frazione Casalrotto.
  • The town has a particularly beautiful "old city" surrounded by stone walls with prominent Baroque gates leading to piazzas and winding, tiny streets. The Piazza XX Settembre is the largest open space in the city, with a greenspace in the center of a largely rectangular place.
  • In the historic centre are present the Saint Mary ex-cathedral (12th century), Our Lady of Mount Carmel church (17th century), Immaculate church (17th century), Saint Mary of Constantinople chapel (16th century), and a part of Hellenistic wall (6th–4th century BCE). At the end of historic part of the town, is located a roundabout, from which can be viewed the landscape of the western part of the Province of Taranto.

Archaeological sitesEdit

Mottola country is rich of karsts called "gravine", usually situated in the south side of the town. The most important are Forcella, San Biagio, di Capo Gavito and Petruscio. The last one is certainly the most predominant.

Holy Week ritesEdit

 
Mottola City Hall

There are numerous religious events during the Holy Week in Mottola. These events are characterized by typical processions, celebrating the Passion, made by hooded faithfuls called "paranze" in the last days of the week. The processions take place through the streets of the historical centre and end in the Our Lady of Mount Carmel church, that is also the organizer church.

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "History of Mottola".
  2. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Italian National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Comune di Mottola Official Site".
  5. ^ "Average weather for Mottola". weatherbase.com. Retrieved 22 April 2009.

External linksEdit