Bauman Moscow State Technical University

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The Bauman Moscow State Technical University, BMSTU (Russian: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана)), sometimes colloquially referred to as the Bauman School[4] or Baumanka (Russian: Ба́уманка) is a public technical university (Polytechnic) located in Moscow, Russia. Bauman University a Russian technical university offering B.S., M.S. and PhD degrees in various engineering fields and applied sciences.

Bauman Moscow State Technical University
Московский государственный технический университет им. Н. Э. Баумана
Герб МГТУ имени Н. Э. Баумана.png
Motto«Мужество, Воля, Труд, Упорство!»
"Courage, will, labor, perseverance!"
Established1830; 192 years ago (1830)
PresidentIgor Fedorov[1]
RectorAnatoly Alexandrov[2]
Academic staff
Students19,000 [3]
2-nd Baumanskaya, 5
, ,
55°45′57″N 37°41′5″E / 55.76583°N 37.68472°E / 55.76583; 37.68472Coordinates: 55°45′57″N 37°41′5″E / 55.76583°N 37.68472°E / 55.76583; 37.68472


Russian anniversary postage stamp with the Main Building of the Bauman University, 2005

Bauman University is the second oldest educational institution in Russia after Lomonosov Moscow State University (1755). In 1763, the Russian empress Catherine II founded the Educational Imperial House. On 5 October 1826 the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna issued a decree to establish "great workshops for different crafts with bedrooms, a dining room, etc." as a part of the Moscow Foundling Home in the German Quarter. All craft pupils were moved from the Orphanage there. On 1 July 1830 Emperor Nicholas I approved the Statute of Moscow Craft School. It was the inception of the first Russian technical university.

Russia's developing industry needed skilled labor in many trades. So, the aim of the new school was to train artisans with a theoretical background to improve and spread skills in various trades all over Russia. New school was created to teach crafts as well as basic sciences. In 1868 MCS was reorganised into the Imperial Moscow Technical School (IMTS) under the directorship of Victor Della-Vos. The main purpose of IMTS was to "educate construction engineers, mechanical engineers and industrial technologists".

The IMTS was financially supported by the Government and industrialists. Its management was democratic. But a key feature of the new institution was its educational system called the "Russian method",[5] which unifies a broad and intensive theoretical preparation with a deep practical education closely connected with industries. The school participated in the Universal Exposition in 1873 in Vienna and the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition of 1876. It proved to be influential on John Daniel Runkle when he introduced manual training alongside theoretical training at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[6] It was also applied to other American technical universities.[7] Many scientists taught in IMTS, such as D. Mendeleev, N. Jukovsky, P. Chebychev, S. Chaplygin, A. Yershov, D. Sovetkin, F. Dmitriev, A. Letnikov, A. Gavrilenko.[citation needed]

In the Soviet period IMTS was renamed Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School (BMHTS), after revolutionary Nikolay Bauman. BMHTS continued education of engineers for machine and instrument building. In 1938, new military departments were created in MHTS such as tank, artillery, and ammunition. In 1948 a rocket department was added.[citation needed]

During the first half of the 20th century, Bauman University formed and founded more than 70 technical universities in the USSR. Some of them are now well known institutions, such as Moscow Aviation Institute, Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Moscow University of Civil Engineering, Moscow Chemical Institute, Moscow Communication and Informatics University, Central Aerohydrodynamics Institute TSAGI, and the Military Academy of Aviation Engineering Joukovski.[8]

On 27 July 1989 USSR State committee for peoples education conferred on Moscow Higher Technical School a name of Bauman Moscow Technical University (BMSTU). BMSTU was honored to be the first Russian technical university. Nearly 200,000 students graduated from the University. Most of them chose to become scientists or engineers in leading research centers, universities, private and government owned companies. Many of government officials, chief designers, CEOs of big enterprises, and cosmonauts are Bauman graduates.[citation needed]

Many Bauman University graduates are world-renowned: Sergei Korolev for the first satellite in space and first man and woman in space, Andrey Tupolev for the world first supersonic passenger plane, Nikolay Dollezhal for the world first civil nuclear plant, Vladimir Shukhov for the first method and the world first petrol cracking plant as well as for the first hyperboloid structures in architecture, Nikolay Zhukovsky for the foundation of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics sciences, Pavel Sukhoi for the foundation of Sukhoi Aerospace Design Bureau.[citation needed] Some of the specialized departments of BMSTU are located outside Moscow in cities of Moscow Oblast: Krasnogorsk (Russian: Красногорск), Reutov (Russian: Реутов), Korolyov (Russian: Королёв). There is also a large branch of the University in Kaluga (Russian: Калуга).

Bauman University todayEdit

Main Building of the Bauman University. View from the Yauza River side

BMSTU has 19 departments providing full-time education. University provides postgraduate and doctorate programs and has two affiliated secondary schools. More than 19,000 students study in BMSTU, and specialties cover all range of modern machine and instrument building. More than 320 doctor of sciences and 2000 candidates of science (equivalent to a Ph.D. or a D.Phil.) teach and do research in BMSTU. Main parts of the University are eight scientific and educational divisions. Each of them consists of scientific and educational branch. Several branch departments also exist, they deal with particular fields of industry. They are based on big factories and organizations, situated in Moscow, Moscow suburbs (Reutov, Krasnogorsk and Korolev) and in Kaluga.[citation needed]

The Bauman University is commonly regarded as one of Russia's most prestigious universities and has high entry requirements for its prospective students. The Bauman University is regularly ranked on the first place in official government and business press rating.[9][10][11][12] The Bauman University also regularly occupies top 3 places in rating of alumni hunted by biggest Russian companies.[13][14] In 2011/2012 QS World University rankings BMSTU occupied the 379th position in overall ranking[15] and the 229th in Engineering & IT section.[16]

The Bauman University has a National Research Center status, the financing of Bauman University is provided by a separate expense asset of Russian National Budget independently of Ministry of Education.[17] Bauman University – National Technological University – carries research in cutting-edge areas of science and technology, basing on eight technological platforms. 32 companies included BMSTU in their innovational programs. BMSTU is Skolkovo innovation center founder.[citation needed]

The feature of BMSTU is a close cooperation with industrial, scientific, educational and cultural institutions. TsAGI, Jukovsky Air Force Academy, NAMI, TsIAM, some departments of Chemical Machine Building Institute, Chemical Technology Institute and Engineering Physics Institute, Military Academy of Chemical Defense, MAI, Power Engineering Institute, Architectural Institute, and another scientific, educational and industrial institutions are BMSTU successors. Their staff is aimed at new scientific and technological achievements.[citation needed]

Now strategy of the University is to provide human resources for cutting-edge areas of Russian science and technology, in prior economic development directions of the country, such as: information and communication systems; nanosystems and materials industry; power supply and conservation; biosystems; security and counterterrorism; transportation and aerospace systems; promising military equipment.

Educational programsEdit

Educational and Laboratory Building of the BMSTU and the monument to Sergei Korolev

The admission process includes three exams on math, physics and Russian. The university accepts one in ten applicants, which means that there are more than 30000 applicants.[18] More than 2,600 of them pass through two years of preparation courses, another 2,000 follow studies in high schools partners of Bauman University.[19] Participation in admission process requires a gage of original high school certificate which prevents applicants to take part in Lomonosov Moscow State University admission process at the same time.[20]

The academic year in this university begins on 1 September, and is divided into two terms (semesters). Students take exams at the end of each semester. The course of study lasts 6 years without interrupt for engineer specialist degree. But over the last few years the Bauman University has continued to integrate with the Bologna Process. And today some students learn using two step educational system. The first two years students study general engineering subjects. In the third year students begin to study specialized subjects.[citation needed] The university scientific library was founded in 1830.[citation needed]

Bauman University is one of the three Russian universities (along with Lomonosov Moscow State University and Saint Petersburg State Polytechnic University) that started in 1926 military education of students. Today military institute carries out training of military officers of 21 specialties. Military specialties are based on civil ones and help to teach high-qualified civil specialists. The institute consists of five military sub-departments (one of them is in Kaluga branch), civil defense subdepartment and military training center. Practical training is carried out in Dmitrov branch, where military hardware is deployed.



Eastern antenna of the BMSTU radio telescope near the Dmitrov Branch

The first order of the BMSTU Dmitrov Branch was bringing into service in 1965. In 1965–1973 – Suburban Educational and Science-Experimental Centre, in 1973-2000 - Educational-Experimental Centre.[21]


In 1959 BMSTU opened in Kaluga the branch for education of the industrial machine- and device engineering personnel. Nowadays the BMSTU Kaluga Branch is a technical institute of Kaluga region. It consists of 7 buildings. The Kaluga Branch is an educational-science- manufacturing complex, including: 5 departments (machine engineering technologies; design-mechanical; electronics, informatics and management; socioeconomic; fundamental science), military education department, computer bureau, library with reading-rooms, sport camp and sport pavilion.[citation needed]


The Bauman University Publishing House was established in January, 1989[22] on the base of university publishing department.[citation needed] The first issue of Baumanets newspaper was printed on 18 February 1923. At that time the newspaper was called Udarnik. It has been printed for 90 years since then.[citation needed]

In 1990 Bauman Publishing House started issuing theoretical and applied broad-scoped "Vestnik MSTU". There are educational materials in different scientific areas: Physical and Mathematical sciences, Information and Computer science, Optics, Mechanical, Radio, Instrument and Power Engineering, Laser Technology, Economics, Law and other subjects.[citation needed]

Notable faculty and alumniEdit


    • SM-1 Space Vehicles and Carrier Rockets
    • SM-2 Aerospace Systems
    • SM-3 Ballistics and Aerodynamics
    • SM-4 High-accuracy Flight Units
    • SM-5 Autonomous Information and Control Systems
    • SM-6 Missile and Impulse Systems
    • SM-7 Special Robotics and Mechatronics
    • SM-8 Launch Rocket Complex
    • SM-9 Multipurpose Tracked Vehicles and Mobile Robots
    • SM-10 Wheel Vehicles
    • SM-11 Submarine Robots and Apparatus
    • SM-12 Technology of Manufacturing for Aerospace
    • SM-13 Composite Materials for Aerospace
    • IU-1 Automatic Control Systems for Flight Vehicles
    • IU-2 Gyroscopic Instruments and Systems for orientation, navigation and stabilization
    • IU-3 Information Systems and Telecommunications
    • IU-4 Electronic Equipment Design and Technology
    • IU-5 Automatic Information Processing and Control Systems
    • IU-6 Computer Systems, Complexes and Networks
    • IU-7 Software for Computers and Automation Systems
    • IU-8 Information Security
    • IU-9 Computer Design and Technology
    • МТ-1 Metal-Cutting Machine Tools
    • МТ-2 Tool Technics
    • МТ-3 Technologies of Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-4 Metrology and Interchangeability
    • МТ-5 Casting Technology
    • МТ-6 Technologies of Processing by Pressure
    • МТ-7 Technologies of Welding and Diagnostics
    • МТ-8 Materials Technology
    • MT-9 Industrial Design
    • МТ-10 The Equipment and Technologies Flatting Rinks
    • МТ-11 Electronic Technologies in Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-12 Laser Technologies in Mechanical Engineering
    • МТ-13 Technologies of Materials Processing
    • RK-1 Engineering Drawing
    • RK-2 Theory of Mechanisms and Machines
    • RK-3 Bases of Machine Designing
    • RK-4 Lifting-, Transport-, Construction Machines
    • RK-5 Applied Mechanics
    • RK-6 Computer Aided Design and Engineering
    • RK-9 Computer Systems of Manufacture Automation
    • RK-10 Robotic Systems[24]
    • E-1 Rocket Engines
    • E-2 Piston Engines
    • E-3 Gas Turbine Plants and Nonconventional Power Installations
    • E-4 The Refrigerating, Cryogenic Technics, Central Airs and Life-support
    • E-5 The Vacuum and Compressor Technics
    • E-6 Thermophysics
    • E-7 Nuclear Reactors and Installations
    • E-8 Plasma Power Installations
    • E-9 Ecology and Industrial Safety
    • E-10 Hydromechanics, Hydromachines and Hydro-Pneumoautomatics
    • RL-1 Radio-Electronic Systems and Devices
    • RL-2 Laser and Optic-Electronic Systems
    • RL-3 Optic-Electronic Devices for Scientific Research
    • RL-4 Theoretical Bases of Electrotechnology
    • RL-5 Subunits of Apparatus Devices
    • RL-6 Technologies of Device Making
    • BMT-1 Biomedical Technical Systems
    • BMT-2 Medic-Technical Information Technologies
    • BMT-3 Valeology
    • BMT-4 Medic-Technical Management
    • FN-1 Higher Mathematics
    • FN-2 Applied Mathematics
    • FN-3 Theoretical Mechanics
    • FN-4 Physics
    • FN-5 Chemistry
    • FN-7 Electronic Engineering and Industrial Electronics
    • FN-11 Calculus Mathematics and Mathematical Physics
    • FN-12 Mathematical Modelling
    • EBM-1 The Economic Theory
    • EBM-2 Economy and the Manufacture Organisation
    • EBM-3 Industrial Logistics
    • EBM-4 Organisation Management
    • EBM-5 Economy and Management at the Enterprise for Branches
    • EBM-6 Business and Foreign Trade Activities
    • EBM-7 Innovative Entrepreneurship
    • L-1 Russian
    • L-2 English Language for Instrument-Making Specialities
    • L-3 English Language for Machine-Building Specialities
    • L-4 Romano-Germanic Languages
    • SSH-1 History
    • SSH-2 Sociology and Culturology
    • SSH-3 Political Science
    • SSH-4 Philosophy
    • JUR-1 Jurisprudence
    • JUR-2 Legal Expertise
  • Physical Education and Sanitation Department
  • Military Education Department

Branches and Other facultiesEdit

  • AK - Aerospace
  • OEP - Optic-Electronic Device Engineering
  • PS - Device Engineering
  • RKT - Space-Rocket Technics
  • RT - Radio-Technical
  • GUIMC – Lead Educational, Research and Methodical Vocational Rehabilitation Centre for Individuals with Health Disabilities

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Официальный веб-сайт МГТУ им Н. Э. Баумана". Archived from the original on 11 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Выборы ректора МГТУ им. Н. Э. Баумана". Archived from the original on 11 June 2012.
  3. ^ "Сведения об образовательной организации". Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  4. ^ From 1868 till 1898 Bauman University was called : Imperial Moscow Technical School, and Superior Moscow Technical School
  5. ^ "История". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  6. ^ Schenk, John P. (1984). The Life and Times of Victor Karlovich Della-Vos. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  7. ^ "История". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  8. ^ "История". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  9. ^ "МГТУ имени Баумана – первый среди технических вузов". Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  10. ^ "Список ВУЗов :: Московский государственный технический университет им. Н.Э. Баумана (МГТУ им. Баумана)". Archived from the original on 11 November 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  11. ^ Елена Новоселова (18 June 2004). "Куда вуз вывезет: Министерство образования и науки РФ составило новый рейтинг высших учебных заведений". Rossiyskaya Gazeta. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  12. ^ "Ъ-Власть – Лучшие из высших". 18 June 2007. Archived from the original on 5 February 2011. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  13. ^ "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные российские вузы". 21 April 2008. Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  14. ^ Фото: Николай Цыганов / Коммерсантъ (21 April 2008). "Ъ-Деньги – Самые востребованные выпускники России". Retrieved 17 October 2011.
  15. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2011/12". Archived from the original on 22 December 2011.
  16. ^ "Bauman Moscow State Technical University. QS World University Rankings 2011/12". Archived from the original on 23 December 2011.
  17. ^ "12 российских вузов получат статус национальных исследовательских университетов". Archived from the original on 19 October 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  18. ^ "Ректор МГТУ им. Баумана Игорь Федоров: Многие абитуриенты уже забыли, куда подали документы". Российская газета.
  19. ^ . 2 April 2012 Archived from the original on 2 April 2012. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ "Whois сервис".
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 April 2009. Retrieved 16 October 2014.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ "Издательство МГТУ им. Н.Э. Баумана".
  23. ^ "Alexander Volkov | UFC". 14 September 2018.
  24. ^ "RK 10--Center of robotics".

External linksEdit