Moscow State Institute of International Relations
Moscow State Institute of International Relations (Russian: Московский государственный институт международных отношений (Университет) МИД России, often abbreviated as MGIMO University, MGIMO (МГИМО)) is an academic institution run by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, which is widely considered the most elite university in Russia. It was dubbed the "Harvard of Russia" by Henry Kissinger, because it educates so many of Russia's political, economic, and intellectual elite. Currently, it has the lowest acceptance rate and the highest test scores of any university in the country.
Московский государственный институт международных отношений
|Established||October 14, 1944|
|Rector||Anatoly V. Torkunov|
MGIMO offers numerous educational programs in 18 key fields of study, including: international relations, international economic relations, regional studies, international law, political science, public and business administration, journalism, public relations, commerce and transnational business. According to the Guinness Book of Records, MGIMO teaches 53 full time languages during every academic term, the most in any academic institution.
The university structure comprises two campuses, ten faculties and three institutes. Each year about 8,000 students from Russia and abroad study at MGIMO University.
MGIMO was founded on 14 October 1944 by a special decree of the Soviet Government on the basis of the recently established School of International Relations of the Lomonosov Moscow State University. The first 200 students were veterans who had survived in the Second World War and were determined to build international peace and stability.
By early 1950s, MGIMO comprised three schools, since its ancestor, the School of History and International Relations was added by the School of International Law and the School of International Economic Relations. In 1954 the Moscow Institute of Oriental Studies, one of the oldest Russian institutes and the successor of the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages created in 1815, was integrated into MGIMO.
In 1958, MGIMO incorporated one more university – of Foreign Trade – and became the national leader of education and expertise in International Relations.
In 1969 the School of Journalism and the School of Law were added to the scope of education and research fields.
In the second half of 1980s MGIMO became a fully open institution. In 1989, admission on a commercial basis started and first students from Western countries began to arrive. In the late 1980s, MGIMO became the first national university to establish its own business school that later in 2012 emerged as the School of Business and International Proficiency.
1992 saw the creation of the School of International Business and Business Administration.
In 1994 MGIMO was granted university status but traditionally contains the word institute in its name. The same year saw the creation of the International Institute of Administration. The same year a Department of Politics was introduced within the School of International Relations and evolved into the separate School of Political Science in 1998.
The next decade saw the further buildup of reforms and improvement of educational quality, including newly opened schools and Master programs with the number of partnering universities abroad. In 2000, two educational divisions were established - Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy and School of Applied Economics and Commerce. In 2005, the European Studies Institute was opened on MGIMO basis.
In 2011, the Institute for Foreign Economic Relations was transformed into the School of Applied Economics and Commerce. In 2013 The School of Governance and Global Affairs was launched as the first Russian school to train international students in English at Bachelor’s level.
In 2016, MGIMO officially opened the Odintsovo Branch – its first campus located in the Moscow suburban area. The campus is also a home for MGIMO Gorchakov Lyceum.
In 2017, the International Institute of Administration and the School of Political Science merged into the School of Governance and Politics.
Today MGIMO comprises two campuses, eight main schools, three institutes and one business school.
- School of International Relations
- School of International Law
- School of International Economic Relations
- School of International Business and Business Administration
- School of Applied Economics and Commerce
- School of Governance and Politics
- School of International Journalism
- School of Preparatory Training
- School of financial economy
- School of linguistics and cross-cultural communication
- International Institute of Energy Policy and Diplomacy
- European Studies Institute
- School of Governance and Global Affairs
MGIMO became one of the first Russian universities to establish their own business school. Nowadays all MGIMO School of Business and International Competencies programs conform to the Association of MBA’s standards.
MGIMO also has 12 corporate departments designed in cooperation with different Russian companie such as an integrated oil company Rosneft, is a state-owned transport monopoly JSC Transneft, the third largest bank in Russia Gazprombank, JSC Russian Railways, The Federal Antimonopoly Service of Russia and others.
Dual degree programsEdit
A key priority of MGIMO international policy is the development of bilateral and multilateral international relations, and the promotion of educational and scientific exchange. Cooperation agreements with more than 170 foreign partners from 57 countries – universities, diplomatic academies, institutes, and research centers – help to ensure the highest global standards in educational and research work.
The university is focused on mutual bachelor's and master's degree educational programs which comply with the Bologna process. In 2017 MGIMO had 22 dual degree programs with universities of France, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Sweden, Norway, UK, Germany and China.
Science and researchEdit
Among MGIMO academic staff are approximately 900 professors holding PhD degree, as well as two dozen members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
MGIMO has granted honorary doctorate degrees to prominent foreign politicians, public experts, diplomats and scholars, working in the field of international relations and foreign policy among which President of France (2007–2012) Nikolas Sarkozy, President of the European Commission (1999–2004) Romano Prodi, President of the French Institute of International Affairs Thierry de Montbrial, Prince of Monaco Albert II, President of Chile Veronica Michelle Bachelet Jeria and many others.
MGIMO scientific schools:
- International Relations
- Diplomacy Studies
- International Law
- International Private and Civil Law
- European Law
- Foreign Countries’ Constitutional Law
- American Studies
- European Studies
- East-European Studies
- Ibero-American Studies
- Oriental Studies
- School of Energy Studies
- Political Theory and Comparative Political
- Study of Elites
- Economic School
The Institute of International Studies which comprises 12 research centers accumulates the scientific and intellectual output of the University. A special place occupies ASEAN Centre that was officially opened in 2010. The Center’s mission is to spread information about the ASEAN-Russia dialogue partnership, to facilitate development of economic linkages, cultural, scientific and educational exchanges as well as people-to-people contacts between Russia and the ASEAN member countries, to carry out and support research on problems of ASEAN and its individual members.
MGIMO is member of leading international organizations, including
- International Studies Association (ISA)
- European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)
- Association of Professional Schools of International Affairs (APSIA)
- European Association for International Education (EAIE)
- World International Studies Committee
- European Association of Universities
- International Federation of Latin America and Caribbean Studies (FIEALC)
- Council for Advancement and Support of Education
MGIMO actively contributes to the Russian Political Science Association, the United Nations Association of Russia (RISA), a number of Russian foundations and non-governmental organizations, as well as leading global think tanks.
MGIMO University is the founding member of the Russian International Studies Association. RISA is one of the most dynamic national associations dealing with international relations studies and a member of the International Studies Association (ISA).
The goal of RISA is to preserve and develop the best traditions of interdisciplinary research and teaching in the sphere of international relations. RISA pursues the aim of maintaining a high professional level of research and teaching of international relations and world politics in Russia, as well as extending the network of professional contacts with foreign associations and establishing close ties between researchers and educators. The President of RISA is Anatoly Torkunov, Rector of MGIMO-University, Full Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences. RISA conventions are held on a regular basis, publication of participants’ reports and articles following up. RISA is also an organizer of a series of international consortia, conferences, scientific and educational seminars and round tables.
MGIMO teaches 53 languages; a Guinness world record.
- English (Mandatory)
The university is famous for its students' activity. There are several main students organizations active at the university:
- Student Union
- International Students Association (includes more than 30 national clubs)
- Moscow International Model United Nations (MIMUN) (in 2017 was named after Vitaly Churkin)
- Student Science Society (includes Business Club, Debate Club, Germanic Studies Club, etc.)
- Russian Association of Public Relations Students
The MGIMO alumni community amounts to 40,000 persons including 5,500 foreign citizens. In 1991, MGIMO Alumni Association was founded to support the community of MGIMO graduates. The association comprises more than 8000 members and consolidates 25 alumni clubs abroad.
In 2006, the MGIMO Board of Trustees was established with Sergey Lavrov, Minister of Foreign Affairs, as its chairman. The trustees are Russian high-ranking officials and prominent public figures, mostly MGIMO alumni, as well as Russian and foreign leaders of business and philanthropic community (such as Ingvar Kamprad, the IKEA founder, and Frederik Paulsen, chairman of the board of directors of Ferring Pharmaceuticals, Honorary Consul of the Russian Federation in Lausanne). A year later, the MGIMO Board of Trustees established Russia’s first university endowment designed to secure the long-term financial standing of the university.
Notable MGIMO alumni include:
- Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan
- Irina Bokova, Director-General of UNESCO
- Miroslav Lajčák, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of the Slovak Republic
- Maroš Šefčovič, Vice-President of the European Commission
- Dzhermen Gvishiani, member of the Club of Rome
- Kirsan Ilyumzhinov, FIDE President
- Sergei Lavrov, Russian Minister of Foreign Affairs
- Felix Vulis, CEO of Eurasian Natural Resources Corporation
- Yuri Fedotov, executive director of the UNODC
- Hang Chuon Naron, Minister of Education of Cambodia.
- Yuri Ushakov, aide to the President of the Russian Federation.
For more information see also List of MGIMO alumni.
- Müller, Martin (2009). Making great power identities in Russia: an ethnographic discourse analysis of education at a Russian elite university. Zürich: LIT. ISBN 978-3643900104.
- Encyclopedia of Contemporary Russian Culture, Smordisnkaya et al., 2007 Edition, pp. 400–401
- MGIMO-University Official Website, "WHY MGIMO," last updated 2016
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- "Moscow State Institute of International Relations ." Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of the MFA of Russia. N.p., 2010. Web. 15 October 2010.