Moscow–Brest Railway

The Moscow–Brest Railway (Russian: Московско-Брестская железная дорога) is about 1,100 km of Moscow Railway within Russian Railways.

Moscow–Brest Railway
Московско-Брестская железная дорога
Московско-Брестская жел. дорога. Сердечный Привѣтъ съ дороги!.jpg
Locale Russia
Dates of operation1870–
Track gauge1,520 mm (4 ft 11+2732 in)


The construction of Moscow-Smolensk railway was approved by Alexander II On December 15, 1868. Construction began in the spring of 1869 with the construction of the Moscow Smolensk railway station at the Tverskaya Zastava Square. This railway was built simultaneously from Smolensk and from Moscow. On August 9, 1870, the first trains passed from Smolensk to Gzhatsk. On September 20, 1870, Moscow-Smolensk Railway was opened. In 1870–1871, the Smolensk-Brest railway was built, and this section was opened on November 16, 1871. Both railways merged into one and they were named of the Moscow-Brest Railway. In 1877–1879, from Moscow to Kubinka, and from Smolensk to Brest became double-track sections. In 1891–1892, from Kubinka to Smolensk became a double-track section. Electrification began in 1941 and by 1973 between Moscow and Vyazma was electrified at 3,000 V direct current. In 1979 ahead of the Moscow Olympic Games the rest of the Vyazma - Brest was electrified at 50 Hz 25,000 V.

Major stationsEdit

Moscow (Belorussky) - Vyazma - Smolensk - Orsha - Minsk - Stoŭbcy - Baranovichi - Brest

In popular cultureEdit

The Moscow–Brest Railway plays a role in the novel Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Pasternak, Boris (2011). Doctor Zhivago. Translated by Richard Pevear; Larissa Volokhonsky (1st Vintage Classics ed.). New York: Vintage Classics. ISBN 978-0-307-39095-0.