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The Mos Eisley Cantina (sometimes called Chalmun's Cantina or "the Star Wars Cantina") is a fictional cantina in the Star Wars universe.[1] It is located in the spaceport of Mos Eisley on the planet Tatooine. It is the haunt of freight pilots and other dangerous characters of various alien races and contains booths, a bar counter, and some free-standing tables, and sometimes a band of musicians named Figrin D'an and the Modal Nodes.

Mos Eisley Cantina
Mos Eisley Cantina.jpg
Interior shot of Mos Eisley Cantina from Star Wars (1977)
Located in Mos Eisley, planet Tatooine
Created by George Lucas (writer); John Mollo (designer)
Genre Space opera
Type Spaceport cantina
Race(s) Humans; various non-human species
Notable characters Wuher the bartender, Han Solo, Chewbacca, Ponda Baba, Doctor Evazan, Figrin D'an and the Modal Nodes
First appearance Star Wars (1977)

Contents

DepictionEdit

 
Reproduction of the Cantina set at the Star Wars Celebration, Anaheim 2015
 
A selection of creatures who appeared in the Cantina, at the Star Wars Celebration, Anaheim 2015

FilmEdit

The cantina made its first appearance in the original 1977 film, Star Wars. The establishment is depicted as a dimly-lit tavern patronised by visiting starship pilots. Strong drink is on sale at the bar and there are frequent outbreaks of violence among the clientele. The cantina attracts a range of exotic alien species, although droids are not permitted to enter. A band of domed-headed aliens plays a set of otherworldly jazz-style music.[2][3]

The cantina scene occurs early in the film, when the young hero Luke Skywalker and his mentor Obi-Wan Kenobi travel to Mos Eisley in search of a pilot, accompanied by the robots C3PO and R2D2. Obi-Wan warns Luke that the bar may be dangerous. Upon arrival, the bartender orders them to leave the two droids outside — "We don't serve their kind in here". Luke is threatened with violence by two of the customers, Ponda Baba an Aqualish, and Doctor Evazan a deformed human, but Obi-Wan intervenes with his lightsaber, cutting Ponda's arm off in the fight. This is the first time a lightsaber is used on-screen in the Star Wars franchise. Obi-Wan introduces Luke to a pair of smugglers, Chewbacca and Han Solo, and they negotiate terms for passage to the planet Alderaan. After Luke and Obi-Wan have departed, Han is involved in a brief confrontation with Greedo, a green-skinned gangster; the exchange ends violently when Han shoots Greedo dead.[4][5]

BooksEdit

In the novelization of the film, Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker by George Lucas (ghostwritten by Alan Dean Foster), the cantina is described as a dark, sinister bar full of "one-eyed creatures and thousand-eyed, creatures with scales, creatures with fur". The narrative describes "Tentacles, claws and hands... wrapped around drinking utensils".[6]

The Expanded Universe anthology of intertwined short stories, Tales from the Mos Eisley Cantina, edited by Kevin J. Anderson, explores the cantina and its clientele further. The book names the establishment as "Chalmun's Cantina", introducing its proprietor as a Wookiee named Chalmun; it also reveals that the bartender is named Wuher. The book also explores the reasons for the cantina's ban on droids: the bartender claims to dislike everyone, but lashes out at droids because they are the only thing that will not try to fight back; the proprietor Chalmun does not tolerate droids because they do not drink, and therefore occupy valuable space. The backstory of the cantina's resident swing band is also expanded in the short stories "We Don't Do Weddings: The Band's Tale" by Kathy Tyers and "Empire Blues" by Daniel Keys Moran. The band is named as Figrin D'an and the Modal Nodes and it is revealed that the players belong to a race called Bith. Their main musical number is also given a title, "Mad About Me".[7]

FilmingEdit

 
The filming location in Ajim, Tunisia used for exterior shots of Mos Eisley Cantina

In 1975, during the early stages of production on Star Wars, the appearance of the Mos Eisley Cantina and its clientele was realized through the work of concept arts Ron Cobb, Rick Baker and Ralph McQuarrie and costume designer John Mollo.[8][9] Mollo worked with George Lucas to compile a chart of visual designs for a range of character types. In collaboration with Mollo, make-up artist Stuart Freeborn designed the masks and prosthetics to match each of the costumes, along with Doug Beswick, Rick Baker and Phil Tippett.[10] Freeborn has remarked that the cantina scene was specifically set up to be a "shock" scene — until this point in the film, there had been few appearances of non-human creatures, and the entrance into the cantina suddenly presented the audience with an array of outlandish species. Working from Lucas's direction and a maquette, set designer John Barry created the cantina set complete with circular bar and shady alcoves. Mollo humorously included a few costumes borrowed from Westerns, and based some other costumes on characters from the 1950 film Destination Moon and the 1960s television series Lost in Space.[11] The alien musicians in the band were played by a number of the Industrial Light & Magic crew, including Phil Tippett, Jon Berg, Rob Bottin, who all mimed to the Benny Goodman tune "Sing, Sing, Sing" at George Lucas's suggestion.[10]

The exterior scene was initially filmed in 1976 at the little town of Ajim, which is a fishing port on the Isle of Djerba, Tunisia. The film crew added some false frontage to the structure, giving it a more dramatic appearance. The building has seen no refurbishment since 1976. The interior set was constructed and filmed on Stage 6, Elstree Studios in London.[12] Harrison Ford filmed his first scene with Alec Guinness — Ford later remarked that the prospect of working with Guinness "scared the shit out of me".[11] As filming progressed, Lucas encountered many problems; the production was running over-budget and both cast and crew were suffering health problems. Stuart Freeborn fell ill and was unable to complete his work on the cantina creature masks.[13]

In early 1977, under pressure to complete his movie (now over $2 million over budget), Lucas negotiated limited additional funding from 20th Century Fox executives to support second unit filming. Some of the most important additional footage shot was to enhance the cantina scene at Hollywood Center Studios. Lucas had been dissatisfied with the make-up in previous shots due to Freeborn's illness, and was now able to fully realize the scene with several close-ups of alien creatures, complete with Freeborn's masks. Lucas also shot supplemented the limited coverage he had from the Tunisia footage with filming in Death Valley.[14] The new material was cut into the film by Lucas' editors, including then-wife Marcia Lucas.[11][15][5]

Lucas remained dissatisfied with the final cut of the cantina scene, and when Lucasfilm released the Special Edition of Star Wars in 1997, Lucas made a number of changes to the shots. In the opening sequence of the cantina scene, a sinister werewolf-type character was replaced by a CGI pipe-smoking reptile.[16] The second change to the cantina scene was a minor adjustment to the confrontation between Han Solo and Greedo, which altered the rapid sequence of action so that Greedo is shown to fire the first shot. This change has proved one of the most controversial among Star Wars fandom and has given rise to a popular slogan objecting to the alteration, "Han shot first".[17]

MusicEdit

Throughout the cantina scenes in Star Wars, there is constant background music played by an alien band. This diegetic music was composed for the film by John Williams, and consisted of two pieces written for trumpet, three saxophones, clarinet, Fender Rhodes piano and percussion, along with steel drum and synthesizer. George Lucas briefed Williams to imagine "several creatures in a future century finding some 1930s Benny Goodman swing band music ... and how they might attempt to interpret it". Williams combined traditional jazz instruments with instruments associated with Afro-Caribbean music in order to create a sound that was "both alien and yet familiar at the same time."[18][19][20][21]

Spin-off mediaEdit

The first piece of cantina music was released in 1977 on the Star Wars Original Motion Picture Soundtrack, entitled simply "Cantina Band". Later CD re-releases of the soundtrack album included the second piece, which was titled "Cantina Band #2". The first "Cantina Band" number has since been retitled "Mad About Me".[21]

Also in 1977, the record producer Meco released a space disco version of the Star Wars title theme and "Cantina Band" on his single "Star Wars Theme/Cantina Band".[22]

In 1995 the rock band Ash released a cover version of "Cantina Band" as the B-side of their single "Girl From Mars".[23]

Mark Jonathan Davis, later of Richard Cheese and Lounge Against the Machine, made a parody song of Barry Manilow's "Copacabana", called "Star Wars Cantina", released in 1996.[24] Davis used the melody of that song; his lyrics are a rough outline of Star Wars Episodes IV through VI. The song received significant radio airplay, along with "Weird Al" Yankovic's song "Yoda", in the run-up to the 1997 release of the Star Wars Special Edition VHS box set and the 1999 release of The Phantom Menace. "Star Wars Cantina" is often erroneously attributed to Yankovic. The song was not released on CD due to copyright complications.[citation needed]

The musician Voltaire also did a parody on his album Ooky Spooky.[citation needed]

A bluegrass version of "Cantina Band" was recorded by Syd Masters and The Swing Riders for a bar scene in the 2011 film Paul.[25]

MerchandiseEdit

In 1978 the toy manufacturer Kenner Products released a Cantina Adventure Set as part of its range of Star Wars action figures. The playset consisted of a miniature plastic bar with a cardboard backdrop depicting various cantina creatures and an Imperial stormtrooper. A second version of the playset was brought to market in 1979, named the Creature Cantina Action Playset.[26]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Liu Hsiu, Kenta Kato (3 December 2016). "A man walks into a bar — not just any old bar". www.atimes.com. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  2. ^ "Star Wars Databank: Mos Eisley Cantina". StarWars.com. Archived from the original on 7 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  3. ^ Windham, written by Ryder (2005). Star Wars the ultimate visual guide (1st American ed.). London: Dorling Kindersley. p. 80. ISBN 9780756614201. 
  4. ^ "Ponda Baba". StarWars.com. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "7 Things You Might Not Know About the Mos Eisley Cantina | StarWars.com". StarWars.com. 27 January 2015. Archived from the original on 6 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 
  6. ^ Lucas, George (1976). Star Wars: From the Adventures of Luke Skywalker (1st ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-345-26061-9. 
  7. ^ Anderson, Kevin J., ed. (1995). Tales from the Mos Eisley Cantina. New York: Bantam Books. ISBN 9780553564686. 
  8. ^ Titelman, Carol; Hoffman, Valerie, eds. (1979). The Art of Star Wars (1st ed.). New York: Ballantine Books. pp. 61–63. ISBN 0345282736. 
  9. ^ Scoleri, John (14 January 2014). "An Annotated Guide to The Star Wars Portfolio by Ralph McQuarrie". StarWars.com. Lucasfilm. Archived from the original on 24 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  10. ^ a b "9 Things You Might Not Know About the Aliens of Star Wars: A New Hope | StarWars.com". StarWars.com. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  11. ^ a b c Rinzler, J. W. (2007). The Making of Star Wars: The Definitive Story Behind the Original Film. New York: Del Rey Books. ISBN 0-345-47761-8. 
  12. ^ Hearn 2005, pp. 116-7.
  13. ^ Hearn 2005, p. 104.
  14. ^ Hearn 2005, p. 106.
  15. ^ "Mos Eisley Cantina". starwars.com. 
  16. ^ Woodward, Malcolm Campbell and Tom. "Star Wars: The Changes". www.dvdactive.com. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  17. ^ "Han Shot First". Know Your Meme. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  18. ^ Williams, John (2004). Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope Audio CD (Original Motion Picture Soundtrack CD) – liner notes. MCA. ASIN B0002YCVIS. 
  19. ^ Kinos-Goodin, Jesse. "5 things you didn't know about the Star Wars Cantina band (unless you are a total Star Wars nerd)". CBC Music. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  20. ^ Zdenek, Sean (2015). Reading Sounds: Closed-Captioned Media and Popular Culture. University of Chicago Press. p. 238. ISBN 9780226312781. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  21. ^ a b Bartkowiak, Mathew J. (2012). Sounds of the Future: Essays on Music in Science Fiction Film. McFarland. pp. 91–92. ISBN 9780786456505. Retrieved 7 July 2018. 
  22. ^ "MECO". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  23. ^ "Ash's debut album 1977: 20 things you (probably) didn't know". WOW247. 
  24. ^ Burton, Bonnie. "Richard Cheese: Star Wars Swings!", 12 May 2006. reprinted online at Interviews of Richard Cheese at Cheese's website.
  25. ^ Ditzian, Eric. "'Paul': Five Secrets Revealed". MTV News. Retrieved 8 July 2018. 
  26. ^ "Kenner's Star Wars Playsets, Part 1: Cardboard Death Stars and Creature Cantinas". StarWars.com. 5 February 2014. Archived from the original on 10 March 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2018. 

External linksEdit