Mortgage burning was a twentieth-century custom in the United States of America (U.S.A.) that was the ritual incineration of the promissory note (mortgage) upon satisfaction of the payment schedule by the purchaser (debtor, or mortgagee). This ritual was performed to celebrate the release of the debtor from further payment obligations, and was sometimes accompanied by a party in which extended family and friends were invited.
Home mortgage burnings, and particularly home mortgage burning parties, are nearly unheard of in the present-day United States for a few reasons. In the early twenty-first century, due to increased mobility and other factors, few U.S. mortgagees continue to make payments until the end of the mortgage term. Typically, mortgagees sell or refinance a property before the end of the mortgage term, using proceeds of the sale or new loan to extinguish the debt used to acquire the property.
Also, starting in the late twentieth century and until the housing bubble (circa 2007 or 2008) burst, it was fairly common for a borrower to acquire property using an excessively-leveraged mortgage, and possibly even an “interest-only” mortgage, wherein a borrower pays only interest but does not repay principal. These mortgages were acquired with the implicit, though not always explicit, understanding that the property was likely to be re-sold or re-financed well before the end of the mortgage term. Refinancing, or restructuring of mortgage terms, was often undertaken to obtain a lower interest rate, or to borrow more money by increasing the principal (amount borrowed) of the mortgage. Refinancing a mortgage loan entails “resetting the clock” on the loan period, typically extending the time that the borrower promises to make payments beyond the end of the original loan term. 
Even when a mortgage is satisfied (“paid off”) at the conclusion of payments, throwing a party to celebrate is now generally considered gauche since the traditional paying off of a mortgage is no longer a standard rite of passage [source needed] It is now seen as bragging about one’s secure financial condition [source needed]. Modern advice columnists and etiquette experts generally advise against having mortgage burning parties attended by anyone other than immediate family.
In popular cultureEdit
The concept of a mortgage burning party was immortalized in a 1975 episode of All In The Family, “Mike Makes His Move”. Mortgage burnings were also the premise of a 1977 episode of Eight Is Enough, "Mortgage Burnin' Blues", and a 1982 episode of M*A*S*H, "Settling Debts".
- "Mortgage-Burning Parties Almost Extinct". NPR. 2009-07-03. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- "Mortgage-Burning Parties Still Happen". Lancaster Online. 2012-07-25. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- "Miss Manners: Modesty is the best party policy". Washington Post. 2010-09-11. Retrieved 2015-10-16.
- "COR Church Mortgage Burning Party". 2013-01-28. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- "Mount Pisgah Baptist holds mortgage burning". 2013-04-01. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
- "All In The Family: Mike Makes His Move". 1975-03-08. Retrieved 2013-04-05.
- "Eight Is Enough Episodes on ABC". Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- "M*A*S*H Episode Guide". Retrieved 2013-04-14.