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Morgan Park High School is a four-year public high school located in the Morgan Park neighborhood on the far south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. Morgan Park opened in 1916 and is a part of the Chicago Public Schools district. Morgan Park is located at the intersection of 111th Street and Vincennes Avenue.

Morgan Park High School
Morgan Park High School Color.jpg
Address
1744 W. Pryor Avenue

,
60643

Coordinates41°41′32″N 87°39′55″W / 41.6922°N 87.6654°W / 41.6922; -87.6654Coordinates: 41°41′32″N 87°39′55″W / 41.6922°N 87.6654°W / 41.6922; -87.6654
Information
School typePublic secondary
Opened1916
School districtChicago Public Schools
CEEB code141035[1]
PrincipalDr. Femi Skanes
Grades712
GenderCoed
Enrollment1,200
Campus typeUrban
Color(s)     Forest Green
     White
Song"EMPEHI, EMPEHI, we are loyal"[2]
Athletics conferenceChicago Public League[3]
MascotMustangs[3]
AccreditationNorth Central Association of Colleges and Schools[4]
NewspaperEMPEHI News
YearbookEmpehi
Website

HistoryEdit

 
Morgan Park High School, 1916

Illinois law required children up to age 14 to attend school and the Village of Morgan Park had established several grammar schools by the late 1800s, but high school was considered a luxury and it was usually left to the parents to send their children to private schools. Morgan Park had a private school, the Morgan Park Academy, with a four-year program that accepted both boys and girls as students. However, around 1897, the Academy decided only accept boys, so a public high school, especially for the girls, was needed.[5]

Morgan Park High School (MPHS) opened its doors at its present location (1744 W. Pryor Avenue) on January 17, 1916, but the high school was founded in 1902. Initially, space was rented in one of the grammar schools, the Western Avenue School that stood at about 110th St. and Western Ave., to use as classrooms for the first and second year high school students. One or two teachers were employed, and the school started with 34 pupils. The third and fourth year students were sent to the high school in Blue Island.[5]

In 1904-06, the Arlington School was built at 110th Place and Western Ave., which was the first building used solely by the school. Because of tax issues, the building was legally owned by the grammar school and rented to the high school. This was the situation in 1910 when the village of Morgan Park seriously considered the issue of annexation to Chicago, which meant giving up independence as a separate suburb and becoming part of the city. Some residents were concerned that Morgan Park would lose the high school because it did not have its own land and building.[5]

Illinois law said that property set aside for schools at the time of annexation had to be used for that purpose. When it became evident that annexation would occur, Morgan Park raised the funds to buy land and begin building a high school. Annexation became reality in 1914, and the Morgan Park schools came under the jurisdiction of Chicago on April 24 of that year. It took another two years for the high school building to be completed, but finally, the doors opened in January 1916. A number of students who had dropped out were attracted by the opportunities of the new school and planned to re-enter. The first class graduated from the new high school on June 22, 1916. There were 37 four-year program graduates and six two-year program graduates.[6]

In the following decade, the school was expanded to include a Social Room, gymnasium, auditorium (Blackwelder Hall), pool, garages, and around 25 classrooms. The extra expansion was completed in 1926 and is located facing where Pryor Avenue once existed.[5]

In 1934, over 2,000 Morgan Park students went on strike, protesting overcrowded conditions[7] and the presence of African-American students in school classes, leaving only 140 students in class. Parents had met with the school superintendent demanding that classes be kept segregated.[8] Eventually the strike was settled and the white students returned to the integrated school. Segregation became an issue again in 1945 when students at the school circulated a petition to have a separate building built for black students.[9] Frank Sinatra visited the area to support integration during the strike and encourage the students to return to the school.[10]

The school remained the same size through the early 1960s, despite a expanding student population which forced MP to utilize mobile units for additional classroom space, as well as housing the freshman class in Clissold Elementary and the sophomore class in Shoop Elementary. In an effort to accommodate the growing student body (which reached approximately 3,300 students in 1975[11]), another addition was constructed, and a new building was opened in 1965. When construction of the new building began in 1964, Pryor Avenue was cutoff from exiting on Vincennes Avenue; now it ends at the teachers parking lot on the west side of the school campus. Most of what is seen today on the school grounds was due to work completed by 1983.

In 1978, a re-development plan was proposed for Morgan Park. Not only was an expansion of the boys and girls south gymnasiums included, but various offices, science labs, a library, and even a separate swimming pool facility were hoped to be part of the project. Only part of the plan was realized. The tennis courts, parking lots, track and softball/baseball fields were built to create a true campus. Before construction began in 1981, houses that surrounded the school were purchased and then razed by the Board of Education.[12]

AcademicsEdit

 
Morgan Park High School, 2016

In 1983, Morgan Park High School instituted a World Language and International Baccalaureate Studies Program that also allows students to enroll from outside the school's attendance area. The addition of a 7th and 8th grade Academic Center component (first offered in 1987) allows advanced level students to begin earning high school credits and to study languages before 9th grade. Morgan Park High School offers both the IB Middle Years Programme and the IB Diploma Programme, and has been an International Baccalaureate Organization member school since 1999.[13] Morgan Park was one of 11 schools nationwide selected by the College Board for inclusion in the EXCELerator "School Improvement Model" program beginning the 2006-2007 school year. The project was funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

The decision to expand MP’s existing IB program[14] was officially made on December 18, 2013 during the monthly meeting of the Chicago Board of Education, when board members voted unanimously to add MP as a wall-to-wall school beginning next school year.[14][citation needed]

For the 2014-2015 school year, Morgan Park was named the seventh high school in Chicago to become “wall-to-wall” International Baccalaureate (IB) Programme school.[15] Freshman and sophomore-level students would now be in the IB Middle Years Programme (MYP) and could opt for admittance to the Diploma Programme for their junior and senior years.[16][citation needed]

The International Baccalaureate Career-related Programme (IBCP)[17] is also offered. IBCP incorporates the values of the IB into a unique programme addressing the needs of students engaged in career-related education. CP students undertake a minimum of two IB Diploma Programme (DP) courses, an IB core course consisting of four college-preparatory components and a career-related study. Students are prepared for college academics and a career component.[17][citation needed]

AthleticsEdit

 
Mustangs celebrate second straight IHSA Class 3A title victory.

Morgan Park competes in the Chicago Public League (CPL) and is a member of the Illinois High School Association (IHSA). The school's sport teams are named the Mustangs. The boys' baseball team were regional champions three times (2013–14, 2014–15, 2015–16) and state semifinalists in 2014-15. The boys' basketball team were public league champions 1973-74, 2000-01, 2009-10[18], and IHSA champions five times: 1975-76 (AA), 2012-13 (3A), 2013-14 (3A), 2016-17 (3A), 2017-18 (3A), Regional champions six consecutive years (2010–16). The girls' basketball team were regional champions seven times (2002–03, 2009–16) and Class AA twice (1998–99, 2002–03); they were state semifinalists in 2015-2016.[19] The boys' track and field team took 3rd place in state in 2015-16. The girls track and field team were state champions in 1993-1996 and 1998-2002. The boys football won the Chicago Public League championship in 1971, 2001, 2005, and 2007; Prep Bowl champion in 2005; the boys bowling team has won the Public League championship for the past six years (2014-19).[citation needed]

Notable alumniEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "High School Code Search". College Board. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  2. ^ "School Song". Morgan Park High School. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Chicago (Morgan Park)". Illinois High School Association (IHSA). 31 December 2009. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  4. ^ "Institution Summary for Morgan Park High School". AdvancED profile. North Central Association Commission on Accreditation and School Improvement. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
  5. ^ a b c d Flynn, Carol; Newsletter Editor of the Ridge Historical Society, 10621 S. Seeley Ave., Chicago, IL, 60643. RHS was founded to collect and preserve the history of the Beverly and Morgan Park communities.
  6. ^ Flynn, Carol. "Morgan Park High School to celebrate centennial". www.beverlyreview.net. Beverly Review. Retrieved 12 June 2019.
  7. ^ "THREATEN LOSS OF CREDITS TO STRIKING PUPILS - 2,000 Protest Crowding at Morgan Park High". Chicago Tribune: 2. October 9, 1934.
  8. ^ "Chicago Pupils Strike.; Protesting Negro Attendance, 1,700 Quit Morgan Park High School.", The New York Times, October 9, 1934
  9. ^ Star, Jack (August 31, 1975). "SEPTEMBER, 1945: Chicago in 1945--a blend of "The Quiz Kids," war brides, racial discrimination, and a surging stock market". Chicago Tribune: h14.
  10. ^ "Interview of Holmes 'Daddy-O' Daylie", The HistoryMakers Video Oral History Archive, accessed July 15, 2009.
  11. ^ "In Pursuit of Excellence," Beverly Area Planning Association; BAPA Education Director Adeline Ray, Editor Grace Kuikman.
  12. ^ Flynn, Carol; Newsletter Editor of the Ridge Historical Society, 10621 S. Seeley Ave., Chicago, IL, 60643. RHS was founded to collect and preserve the history of the Beverly and Morgan Park communities.
  13. ^ Morgan Park High School, International Baccalaureate Organization. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  14. ^ a b Connors, Caroline. "Morgan Park High School announces wall-to-wall IB". The Beverly Review. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  15. ^ "Morgan Park High School Principal Looks to Recruit Neighborhood Students". DNAinfo Chicago. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  16. ^ Organization, International Baccalaureate. "Diploma Programme (DP)". International Baccalaureate®. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  17. ^ a b Organization, International Baccalaureate. "Career-related Programme (CP)". International Baccalaureate®. Retrieved 2019-06-12.
  18. ^ Report, Staff (2017-02-19). "Complete list of Public League basketball championships". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2019-06-13.
  19. ^ "IHSA". www.ihsa.org.
  20. ^ Lee Bernet Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  21. ^ Corbin Bryant Archived 2013-09-21 at the Wayback Machine at Pittsburgh Steelers website.
  22. ^ Fred Evans Archived 2007-06-15 at the Wayback Machine, Texas State University-San Marcos. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  23. ^ "Hugh "Duke" Gallarneau". College Football Hall of Fame. Football Foundation. Retrieved August 30, 2007.
  24. ^ Frisman Jackson Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  25. ^ Haynes, Karima A. "Mae Jemison: coming in from outer space", Ebony, December 1992. Accessed September 6, 2007. "Perhaps the most moving tribute came during a homecoming rally at Morgan Park High School, where Jemison graduated in 1973"
  26. ^ Trezelle Jenkins Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine, database Football. Accessed August 30, 2007.
  27. ^ Vaughn, Shamontiel L. (2009-05-22). "Triple threat: Chicago native Jeremih, the singer, rapper, musician". Chicago Defender. Real Times. Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved 2009-06-07. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  28. ^ [1].
  29. ^ Sweet, Lynn. "Denmark's museums are as varied as its herrings", Chicago Sun-Times, August 23, 1987. "While strolling, I heard activist Jeremy Rifkin (A former Chicagoan who attended Morgan Park High School) warn of the dangers of genetic engineering."
  30. ^ "Morgan Park High School (Chicago, Illinois) - 1952 Yearbook".