Moreuil (French pronunciation: ​[mɔʁœj]) is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Moreuil
The town hall square in Moreuil
The town hall square in Moreuil
Coat of arms of Moreuil
Location of Moreuil
Moreuil is located in France
Moreuil
Moreuil
Moreuil is located in Hauts-de-France
Moreuil
Moreuil
Coordinates: 49°46′31″N 2°29′02″E / 49.7753°N 2.4839°E / 49.7753; 2.4839Coordinates: 49°46′31″N 2°29′02″E / 49.7753°N 2.4839°E / 49.7753; 2.4839
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentSomme
ArrondissementMontdidier
CantonMoreuil
IntercommunalityCC Avre Luce Noye
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Dominique Lamotte[1]
Area
1
23.43 km2 (9.05 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
3,968
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
80570 /80110
Elevation32–113 m (105–371 ft)
(avg. 42 m or 138 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

GeographyEdit

Moreuil is situated on the D920 and D935 crossroads, some 13 miles (21 km) southeast of Amiens, on the banks of the Avre River.

PopulationEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
17931,400—    
18362,051+0.89%
18723,078+1.13%
19062,915−0.16%
19362,763−0.18%
19623,609+1.03%
19683,647+0.17%
YearPop.±% p.a.
19754,099+1.68%
19824,203+0.36%
19904,156−0.14%
19994,106−0.13%
20073,988−0.36%
20124,037+0.24%
20173,980−0.28%
Source: EHESS[3] and INSEE[4]

HistoryEdit

Known by several names over the years, Morolium (1103), Moroil (1183), Moruel, Moroilum, Moroiel, Moreul (1240), Moureul, Moureuil (1340), Morveul, Morvels and finally Moreuil, the commune has ancient origins. Flint tools have been found here and the presence of tall boundary stones indicates pre-Roman settlement. Moreuil comes from a Celtic word meaning ‘sea’. Moreuil is found on the Roman road that links Compiègne, Montdidier and Amiens which explains the number of Gallo-Roman finds in the vicinity.

First mentioned around 800 as a fort and square on the river Avre, it was sacked by the Normans. The lords of Moreuil rendered great service to the Kings of France during the Crusades. One was created a Knight of the Order of Malta. During the Hundred Years War, Moreuil suffered through blood and fire. It was taken, won back and re-taken by the Burgundians.

During the Wars of Religion, it was one of the strongest supporters of the Catholic League In 1574 the town's two schools were burnt down, but reconstructed thanks to the benefices of Cardinal Antoine de Créquy, Bishop of Amiens and abbot of Moreuil.

In 1720 hat-making was established in Moreuil. Unaffected to any degree by the French Revolution, Moreuil was subject to foreign occupation during 1815 and during the Franco-Prussian War of 1870. During World War I, the town formed a part of the front line of the Western Front.

Places of interestEdit

  • The church
  • The town hall
  • The war memorial

PersonalitiesEdit

  • Jean Leclerc, 1587–1617, lawmaker and lawyer in Paris.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Moreuil, EHESS. (in French)
  4. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE