Moravský Krumlov

Moravský Krumlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmorafskiː ˈkrumlof]; German: Mährisch Kromau) is a town in the Znojmo District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,700 inhabitants.

Moravský Krumlov
Town
Historical centre
Historical centre
Flag of Moravský Krumlov
Flag
Coat of arms of Moravský Krumlov
Coat of arms
Moravský Krumlov is located in Czech Republic
Moravský Krumlov
Moravský Krumlov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 49°2′40″N 16°18′35″E / 49.04444°N 16.30972°E / 49.04444; 16.30972Coordinates: 49°2′40″N 16°18′35″E / 49.04444°N 16.30972°E / 49.04444; 16.30972
Country Czech Republic
RegionSouth Moravian
DistrictZnojmo
First mentioned1289
Government
 • MayorTomáš Třetina (TOP 09)
Area
 • Total49.56 km2 (19.14 sq mi)
Elevation
255 m (837 ft)
Population
 (2020-01-01[1])
 • Total5,715
 • Density120/km2 (300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
672 01
Websitewww.mkrumlov.cz

EtymologyEdit

Krumlov has its origin in Middle High German Krumme Aue, which can be translated as crooked meadow after a meander of the Rokytná River. Moravský means "Moravian" to differentiate it from Český Krumlov ("Bohemian Krumlov") in the South Bohemian Region.

HistoryEdit

The foundation of the town is connected with the construction of a stone castle, which was probably initiated on the orders of Ottokar II of Bohemia. The first written mention about Moravský Krumlov is however from 1289.[2] In the 16th century the castle was rebuilt into a comfortable residence of the powerful Lords of Lípa, hereditary marshals to the kings of Bohemia, and became a significant centre of cultural and social events. In 1622, the Krumlov château and the domain were acquired by the House of Liechtenstein.[2]

On the last night of World War II (7 May 1945), it was heavily bombed by Soviet air forces. As a result, three quarters of the town lay in ruins. The château, the Augustinian monastery, All Saints Church, and St. Florian Church were among the buildings that survived.

CultureEdit

Until 2011, the castle of Moravský Krumlov was home to the series of paintings by Alphonse Mucha known as The Slav Epic,[3] before they were moved to Prague.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

Twin towns – sister citiesEdit

Moravský Krumlov is twinned with:[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Z historie města Moravský Krumlov". mkrumlov.cz (in Czech). Město Moravský Krumlov. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
  3. ^ Cameron, Rob (10 August 2010). "Czech battle over art nouveau epic by Alphonse Mucha". BBC. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
  4. ^ Benjamin Cunningham (23 February 2011). "Slav Epic arrives in Prague". The Prague Post.
  5. ^ "Miasta partnerskie". przeworsk.um.gov.pl (in Polish). Przeworsk. Retrieved 28 September 2020.

External linksEdit