Moravský Krumlov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmorafskiː ˈkrumlof]; German: Mährisch Kromau) is a town in the Znojmo District in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 5,700 inhabitants.
|• Mayor||Tomáš Třetina (TOP 09)|
|• Total||49.56 km2 (19.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||255 m (837 ft)|
|• Density||120/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
Krumlov has its origin in Middle High German Krumme Aue, which can be translated as crooked meadow after a meander of the Rokytná River. Moravský means "Moravian" to differentiate it from Český Krumlov ("Bohemian Krumlov") in the South Bohemian Region.
The foundation of the town is connected with the construction of a stone castle, which was probably initiated on the orders of Ottokar II of Bohemia. The first written mention about Moravský Krumlov is however from 1289. In the 16th century the castle was rebuilt into a comfortable residence of the powerful Lords of Lípa, hereditary marshals to the kings of Bohemia, and became a significant centre of cultural and social events. In 1622, the Krumlov château and the domain were acquired by the House of Liechtenstein.
On the last night of World War II (7 May 1945), it was heavily bombed by Soviet air forces. As a result, three quarters of the town lay in ruins. The château, the Augustinian monastery, All Saints Church, and St. Florian Church were among the buildings that survived.
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
- Przeworsk, Poland
- "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2020". Czech Statistical Office. 30 April 2020.
- "Z historie města Moravský Krumlov". mkrumlov.cz (in Czech). Město Moravský Krumlov. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
- Cameron, Rob (10 August 2010). "Czech battle over art nouveau epic by Alphonse Mucha". BBC. Retrieved 11 August 2010.
- Benjamin Cunningham (23 February 2011). "Slav Epic arrives in Prague". The Prague Post.
- "Miasta partnerskie". przeworsk.um.gov.pl (in Polish). Przeworsk. Retrieved 28 September 2020.
- (in Czech) Official website
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