Mooi River (town)

Mooi River (Afrikaans: Mooirivier) is a small town situated at 1,389 m above sea level and 160 km from the coast in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The first European settlement in the area was at Mooi River Drift in 1852. This was formally named Weston in 1866 after the first Governor of Natal, Martin West.

Mooi River
Mooirivier railway station
Mooirivier railway station
Mooi River is located in KwaZulu-Natal
Mooi River
Mooi River
Mooi River is located in South Africa
Mooi River
Mooi River
Coordinates: 29°12′S 29°59′E / 29.200°S 29.983°E / -29.200; 29.983Coordinates: 29°12′S 29°59′E / 29.200°S 29.983°E / -29.200; 29.983
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictUmgungundlovu
MunicipalityMpofana
Area
 • Total13.76 km2 (5.31 sq mi)
Elevation
1,393 m (4,570 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total17,779
 • Density1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African91.6%
 • Coloured1.0%
 • Indian/Asian3.5%
 • White3.6%
 • Other0.2%
First languages (2011)
 • Zulu82.75%
 • English7.8%
 • Afrikaans0.8%
 • Sotho0.8%
 • Other7.85%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
PO box
3300
Area code033

HistoryEdit

In 1879, an Irishman named Alexander Lawrence purchased the farm "Grantleigh" upstream from Weston, on the banks of the Mooi River. "Mooirivier" is Afrikaans for "pretty river".

In 1884, the railway line from Durban, on the coast, to Johannesburg, in the interior, reached the area and was built across Alexander Lawrence's land. He subsequently laid out and establish the village of Lawrenceville on his farm "Grantleigh" and so is known as "The Father of Mooi River". In 1921, the village was renamed Mooi River when it was declared a town.

GeographyEdit

It lies on the N3 national road and rail routes between Johannesburg and Durban.[2] Although the railway station is no longer used for passengers, goods are still being handled. There is a toll plaza located on the N3 at Mooi River.

EducationEdit

Six schools are serving the Mooi River municipal area with numerous others further from town that serve the traditional farm labourer communities. The six main schools are:

  • Treverton Preparatory School and College, a private school of about 600 students. In the hills of the small game park within Treverton there lie some trenches used in the Boer wars. From these the Boers observed English movements at Weston - their remount depot.
  • Weston Agricultural College, a public agricultural school of good reputation. There is great rugby rivalry between them and Treverton.
  • Mooi River Primary in the centre of town.
  • Ai Kajee Primary.
  • Bruntville Primary serving the Bruntville area
  • Emnyezaneni Secondary school serving the Bruntville area

EconomyEdit

The urban economy of the area is currently based primarily on retail entrepreneurship, tourism and supporting the local agricultural community. Previously, the backbone of the urban economy had been Mooi River Textiles which finally closed in 2002 after years of downsizing. The decline of the textile industry is being reversed however with large foreign investment from the Far-East.[citation needed]

The rural economy is based on agriculture and tourism. The main farming categories are dairy and equine. Local farmers are supported by the Mooi River Farmers' Association.[3]

TourismEdit

Mooi River forms an important part of the Midlands Meander tourism route.[4]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Sum of the Main Places Bruntville, Mooi River and Townview from Census 2011.
  2. ^ "Mooi River". Archived from the original on 2009-08-30. Retrieved 2010-03-26.
  3. ^ "Mooi River Farmers' Association". Archived from the original on 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2020-05-16.
  4. ^ Info at midlandsmeander.co.za

External linksEdit

  Media related to Mooi River at Wikimedia Commons