Monument to Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg

The Monument to Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg (Russian: Памятник Ельцину) is a monument to Boris Yeltsin, the first President of Russia, Soviet party, Russian political and state leader, one of the founders of postsoviet Russia, in Yekaterinburg, the oblast center of his native region where he lived and worked for a long time. The monument is located near Boris Yeltsin Presidential Center. The monument is regularly subject to vandalism.

Monument to Boris Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg
Памятник Ельцину
Памятник Борису Ельцину.jpg
LocationYekaterinburg, Russia
DesignerGeorgiy Frangulian
Height10 m
Opening dateFebruary 1, 2011

General informationEdit

The monument is located on the Street of Boris Yeltsin in the business area of Yekaterinburg in the Downtown in front of the Demidov-Plaza congress hall, where the memorial and informational Yeltsin Presidential Legacy Center, curated by state Fund "Yeltsin Presidential Center" and charity Fund "Yeltsin Ural Center" (branch of The First President of Russia Yeltsin Fund), holds its premises.[1]

The Monument is a ten meter high stele-obelisk with a full-size Yeltsin bas-relief on a dark-grey pedestal on the stairs to the perron in front of Demidov-Plaza. It is noted, Yeltsin's image is directed forward with its motion and gaze, while the marble and the form of the monument are well designed to the Ural climate.[2]

The author of the monument is the Moscow sculptor Georgiy Frangulian, who had previously created the headstone on Yeltsin's grave.

According to the author, "not traditional bronze or granite, but white marble was chosen, as it is living, semitransparent material; this monument is not an obelisk, but a boulder, boulder in motion, such as Boris Nikolayevich was."

HistoryEdit

The monument was opened on February 1, 2011, on Yeltsin's 80th birthday. The Third President of Russia Dmitry Medvedev arrived to Yekaterinburg for birthday celebrations and participated in the opening ceremony.[3][4]

When opening the monument, which he liked, Medvedev noted, that "Russia must be grateful to Yeltsin for the country not leaving the way of changes in the most difficult period, conducted serious transformations and moves forward today".

The ceremony was also attended by Yeltsin's widow Naina Iosifovna, his relatives and friends, representatives of federal government, Sverdlovsk oblast head Alexander Misharin, and heads of neighboring regions.[3][5]

Opening of the monument caused protests of the local communists, while city authorities declined the rally against the opening. This resulted in Union of Comunist Youth representatives' suing against the Yekaterinburg administration.[6]

Monument VandalismEdit

On the night of August 23 to 24, 2012 the monument was vandalised by unidentified individuals: the figure of Yeltsin was doused with blue paint, letters on the pedestal were dislodged. Attempts to wash the monument in its place were unsuccessful, resulting in the decision of its dismantling.[7][8] On October 1, 2012, after restoration works, the monument was returned back to its place.[9]

On November 7, 2017 (on the day of centennial of October Revolution) Igor Shchuka tried to set the monument on fire. For this act, he was sentenced to 1 year of manual labour in February 2018.[10] After the sentence Shchuka managed to hide for almost a year, but then the oblast court cancelled the decision "due to a scintilla of evidence".[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Россель подписал Указ о Президентском центре Б. Н. Ельцина (Rossel signs Decree on Yeltsin Presidential Center)
  2. ^ Зубов, М. (Zubov M.), & Смирницкий, Я. (Smirnitskiy Ya.) (2011, January 20). Ельцину сделали из китайского мрамора (Yeltsin Monument is made of Chinese marble). Moskovskiy Komsomolets (Moscow Komsomol). Retrieved from https://www.mk.ru/politics/2011/01/19/559153-pamyatnik-eltsinu-sdelali-iz-kitayskogo-mramora.html
  3. ^ a b "В Екатеринбурге открыт памятник первому Президенту России Борису Ельцину (The monument to the First President of Russia Boris Yeltsin is opened in Yekaterinburg)". President of Russia Website. 2011-02-01. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  4. ^ Владимир Кузьмин (Vladimir Kuzmin) (2011-02-02). "История России: Ельцин (History of Russia: Yeltsin)". "Rossiyskaya Gazeta". Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  5. ^ "В Екатеринбурге открыт памятник Ельцину — Викиновости" [Yeltsin monument was opened in Yekaterinburg]. ru.wikinews.org (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-12-07.
  6. ^ Татьяна Пашкова (Tatiana Pashkova) (2011-02-01). "Коммунисты хотят взыскать с мэрии Екатеринбурга 100 тысяч рублей за "стресс и переживания" (Communists want to get RUB 100k compensation from Yekaterinburg Mayor Office for "stress and worries")". RIA "Novyy Den" (RIA "New Day"). Yekaterinburg: "Novyy Region" (New Region). Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  7. ^ Павел Лисицын (Pavel Lisitsyn) (2012-08-24). "Вандалы осквернили памятник Ельцину в Екатеринбурге (Vandals befouled monument to Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg)". RIA Novosti. Archived from the original on 2012-10-28. Retrieved 2012-08-24.
  8. ^ Юрий Дерябин (Yuriy Deriabin) (2012-08-27). "Облитого краской Ельцина демонтируют (Yeltsin douse with paint will be dismantled)". Utro.ru. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  9. ^ "В Екатеринбурге восстановили памятник Ельцину (Monument to Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg is restored)". Russkaya Sluzhba Novostey (Russian News Service). 2012-10-01. Archived from the original on 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2013-02-03.
  10. ^ "Поджигатель памятника Ельцину в Екатеринбурге признал свою вину (The arsonist of the monument to Yeltsin in Yekaterinburg plead guilty)". Informatsionnoye agentstvo "Nakanune.RU" (Information agency "Nakanune.Ru"). 2018-02-28. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
  11. ^ (2019). Argumenty i Fakty (Arguments and Facts), p. 16.