Montrose Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

Montrose Burghs was a district of burghs constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 until 1950.

Montrose Burghs
Former District of burghs constituency
for the House of Commons
18321950
Number of membersOne
Replaced byNorth Angus & Mearns and South Angus
Created fromAberdeen Burghs and Perth Burghs

The constituency elected one Member of Parliament (MP) to represent the parliamentary burghs of Montrose, Arbroath, Brechin, Forfar and Inverbervie.

In 1950, Montrose, Brechin and Inverbervie were merged into North Angus and Mearns, and Arbroath and Forfar were merged into South Angus.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Election Member Party
1832 Horatio Ross Whig[1]
1835 Patrick Chalmers Radical[2][3]
1842 by-election Joseph Hume Radical[4][5][6][7]
1855 by-election William Edward Baxter Radical[8][9][10]
1859 Liberal
1885 John Shiress Will Liberal
1896 by-election John Morley Liberal
1908 by-election Robert Harcourt Liberal
1918 John Sturrock Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Liberal
1924 Robert Hutchison Liberal
1930 Independent Liberal
1931 National Liberal
1932 by-election Charles Kerr National Liberal
1940 by-election John Maclay National Liberal
1950 constituency abolished: see North Angus & Mearns and South Angus

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1830sEdit

General election 1832: Montrose Burghs [11][1]
Party Candidate Votes %
Whig Horatio Ross 796 59.8
Radical Patrick Chalmers 535 40.2
Majority 261 19.6
Turnout 1,331 89.1
Registered electors 1,494
Whig win (new seat)
General election 1835: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Radical Patrick Chalmers Unopposed
Registered electors 1,551
Radical gain from Whig
General election 1837: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Radical Patrick Chalmers Unopposed
Registered electors 1,636
Radical hold

Elections in the 1840sEdit

General election 1841: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Patrick Chalmers Unopposed
Registered electors 1,403
Radical hold

Chalmers resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Manor of Northstead, causing a by-election.

By-election, 16 April 1842: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Joseph Hume Unopposed
Radical hold
General election 1847: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Joseph Hume 532 69.7 N/A
Radical David Greenhill[12][13] 231 30.3 N/A
Majority 301 39.4 N/A
Turnout 763 64.8 N/A
Registered electors 1,178
Radical hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1850sEdit

General election 1852: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical Joseph Hume Unopposed
Registered electors 1,586
Radical hold

Hume's death caused a by-election.

 
William Baxter
By-election, 9 March 1855: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical William Edward Baxter 478 52.4 N/A
Whig John Ogilvy[14][15] 434 47.6 N/A
Majority 44 4.8 N/A
Turnout 912 57.5 N/A
Registered electors 1,585
Radical hold Swing N/A
General election 1857: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Radical William Edward Baxter Unopposed
Registered electors 1,575
Radical hold
General election 1859: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Baxter Unopposed
Registered electors 1,651
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1860sEdit

General election 1865: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Baxter Unopposed
Registered electors 1,806
Liberal hold
General election 1868: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Baxter 3,199 75.7 N/A
Conservative William Macdonald Macdonald[16] 1,027 24.3 New
Majority 2,172 51.4 N/A
Turnout 4,226 66.7 N/A
Registered electors 6,337
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1870sEdit

General election 1874: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Baxter 3,333 64.0 −11.7
Conservative William Macdonald Macdonald[16] 1,875 36.0 +11.7
Majority 1,458 28.0 −23.4
Turnout 5,208 66.0 −0.7
Registered electors 7,891
Liberal hold Swing −11.7

Elections in the 1880sEdit

General election 1880: Montrose Burghs [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Edward Baxter Unopposed
Registered electors 8,343
Liberal hold
 
John Shiress Will
General election 1885: Montrose Burghs [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Shiress Will 3,532 49.9 N/A
Independent Liberal Alexander Gordon 2,779 39.3 New
Conservative Alexander Mackenzie 763 10.8 New
Majority 753 10.6 N/A
Turnout 7,074 78.9 N/A
Registered electors 8,963
Liberal hold Swing N/A
General election 1886: Montrose Burghs [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Shiress Will 3,357 61.7 +11.8
Liberal Unionist Arthur Patton 2,088 38.3 +27.5
Majority 1,269 23.4 +12.8
Turnout 5,445 60.7 −18.2
Registered electors 8,963
Liberal hold Swing +6.4

Elections in the 1890sEdit

General election 1892: Montrose Burghs[19][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Shiress Will 3,941 65.3 +3.6
Liberal Unionist Robert Arthur Lockhart 2,090 34.7 −3.6
Majority 1,851 30.6 +7.2
Turnout 6,031 71.5 +10.8
Registered electors 8,436
Liberal hold Swing +3.6
General election 1895: Montrose Burghs[21][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Shiress Will 3,594 59.3 −6.0
Liberal Unionist George Washington Baxter 2,462 40.7 +6.0
Majority 1,132 18.6 −12.0
Turnout 6,056 71.4 -0.1
Registered electors 8,484
Liberal hold Swing −6.0
 
John Morley
1896 Montrose Burghs by-election[21][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 4,565 64.0 +4.7
Conservative John Wilson 2,572 36.0 −4.7
Majority 1,993 28.0 +9.4
Turnout 7,137 82.1 +10.7
Registered electors 8,692
Liberal hold Swing +4.7

Elections in the 1900sEdit

General election 1900: Montrose Burghs[21][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 3,960 62.4 +3.1
Liberal Unionist John Birrell Don 2,390 37.6 −3.1
Majority 1,570 24.8 +6.2
Turnout 6,350 71.5 +0.1
Registered electors 8,881
Liberal hold Swing +3.1
General election 1906: Montrose Burghs[22][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Morley 4,416 69.7 +7.3
Conservative Alexander Sprot 1,922 30.3 −7.3
Majority 2,494 39.4 +14.6
Turnout 6,338 75.7 +4.2
Registered electors 8,373
Liberal hold Swing +7.3
Montrose Burghs by-election, 1908[18][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Harcourt 3,083 46.7 −23.0
Labour Joseph Burgess 1,937 29.4 New
Conservative Andrew Constable 1,576 23.9 −6.4
Majority 1,146 17.3 −22.1
Turnout 6,596 80.4 +4.7
Registered electors 8,205
Liberal hold Swing −8.3

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election January 1910: Montrose Burghs [18][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Harcourt 3,606 50.9 −18.8
Ind. Labour Party Joseph Burgess 1,888 26.6 N/A
Conservative William Low 1,592 22.5 −7.8
Majority 1,718 24.3 −15.1
Turnout 7,086 84.2 +8.5
Registered electors 8,414
Liberal hold Swing −5.5
General election December 1910: Montrose Burghs [18][20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Harcourt 3,878 64.3 +13.4
Conservative William Low 2,155 35.7 +13.2
Majority 1,723 28.6 +4.3
Turnout 6,033 72.0 −12.2
Registered electors 8,383
Liberal hold Swing +0.1

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1918: Montrose Burghs [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
C Liberal John Sturrock 9,309 76.0 +11.7
Labour H. N. Brailsford 2,940 24.0 New
Majority 6,369 52.0 +23.4
Turnout 12,249 49.1 −22.9
Registered electors 24,956
Liberal hold Swing N/A
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: Montrose Burghs[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal John Sturrock 8,407 54.4 −21.6
Labour John Carnegie 7,044 45.6 +21.6
Majority 1,363 8.8 −43.2
Turnout 15,451 62.7 +13.6
Registered electors 24,628
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing −21.6
General election 1923: Montrose Burghs [26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John Sturrock 8,717 55.3 +0.9
Labour John Carnegie 7,032 44.7 −0.9
Majority 1,685 10.6 +1.8
Turnout 15,749 62.9 +0.2
Registered electors 25,031
Liberal hold Swing +0.9
General election 1924: Montrose Burghs [27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Hutchison 9,226 57.2 +1.9
Labour Thomas Barron 6,914 42.8 −1.9
Majority 2,312 14.4 +3.8
Turnout 16,140 68.5 +5.6
Registered electors 23,568
Liberal hold Swing +1.9
General election 1929: Montrose Burghs[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert Hutchison 11,715 55.5 −1.7
Labour Thomas Irwin 9,381 44.5 +1.7
Majority 2,334 11.0 −3.4
Turnout 21,096 71.3 +2.8
Registered electors 29,573
Liberal hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: Montrose Burghs[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Robert Hutchison 17,212 77.0 New
Labour Arthur Fraser Macintosh 5,137 23.0 -21.5
Majority 12,075 54.0 +43.0
Turnout 22,349 74.6 +3.3
Liberal National hold Swing
1932 Montrose Burghs by-election[28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Charles Kerr 7,963 46.9 -30.1
Labour Tom Kennedy 7,030 41.4 +18.4
National (Scotland) Douglas Emslie 1,996 11.7 New
Majority 933 5.5 -48.5
Turnout 16,989 56.7 -17.9
Liberal National hold Swing
General election 1935: Montrose Burghs [29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National Charles Kerr 15,198 69.6 -7.4
Labour James Erskine Harper 6,632 30.4 +7.4
Majority 8,566 39.2 -14.8
Turnout 21,830 70.6 -4.0
Liberal National hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940sEdit

1940 Montrose Burghs by-election[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National John Maclay Unopposed N/A N/A
Liberal National hold Swing N/A
General election 1945: Montrose Burghs [32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal National John Maclay 13,966 58.2 -11.4
Labour Thomas Alexander MacNair 10,011 41.8 +11.4
Majority 3,955 16.4 -22.8
Turnout 24,007 72.3 +1.7
Liberal National hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Smith, Henry Stooks (1842). The Register of Parliamentary Contested Elections (Second ed.). Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 207. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  2. ^ Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer. pp. 52–53.
  3. ^ Warwick, William Atkinson (1841). The House of Commons: As Elected to the Fourteenth Parliament of the United Kingdom Being the Second of Victoria. London: Saunders and Otley. p. 131.
  4. ^ Simkin, John (August 2014) [1997]. "Joseph Hume". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  5. ^ Taylor, Miles; Millington, Chris (13 June 2015) [2012]. "Joseph Hume, 1777–1855". Liberal HISTORY. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  6. ^ Fisher, David R. (2009). Fisher, David R. (ed.). "HUME, Joseph (1777–1855), of 38 York Place, Portman Square and 6 Bryanston Square, Mdx. and Burnley Hall, Norf". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  7. ^ Parolin, Christina (2010). Radical Spaces: Venues of popular politics in London, 1790–c. 1845. Canberra: ANU E Press. pp. 162–163. ISBN 9781921862007.
  8. ^ "The Montrose District of Burghs". The Scotsman. 7 March 1855. p. 3. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  9. ^ "Review of the Week". Glasgow Sentinel. 10 March 1855. p. 4. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  10. ^ "Berkshire Chronicle". 17 March 1855. pp. 4–5. Retrieved 2 September 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (e-book) |format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  12. ^ "Nomination for the Montrose District of Burghs". Dundee, Perth, and Cupar Advertiser. 6 August 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  13. ^ "Montrose". Dundee Courier. 10 August 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 17 August 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  14. ^ McIntosh, Iain D. "Sir John Ogilvy, 9th Baronet of Inverquharity". Provincial Grand Lodge of Forfarshire. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
  15. ^ Hawkins, Angus (2015). Victorian Political Culture: 'Habits of Heart & Mind'. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 202. ISBN 978-0-19-872848-1. LCCN 2014951692.
  16. ^ a b "Montrose District of Burghs". Montrose, Arbroath and Brechin review; and Forfar and Kincardineshire advertiser. 6 February 1874. p. 4. Retrieved 6 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  17. ^ British parliamentary election results, 1885–1918 (Craig)
  18. ^ a b c d Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  19. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885–1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
  21. ^ a b c Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  22. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  23. ^ Dundee Courier 29 April 1914
  24. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  25. ^ a b c British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  26. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  27. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  28. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  29. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  30. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  31. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1944
  32. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1946