Montería

Montería (Spanish pronunciation: [mon.teˈɾi.a]) is a municipality and city located in northern Colombia and is the capital of the Department of Córdoba. The city is located 50 km (31 mi) away from the Caribbean sea, by the Sinú River. The city and region are known for their distinct cultural heritages, which include a blend of mainly colonial Spanish descendants and indigenous Zenú Indians, and more recently, Levantine immigrants. The city is home to the Sombrero Vueltiao, a national symbol; and is the home of Porro folklore music. The city has an inland seaport connected to the Caribbean Sea by the Sinú River.

Montería
Ronda del Sinú.jpg
Monteria3.jpg
Monteria2.jpg
Planchones sobre el río Sinú..jpg
El Meridiano.jpg
Montería, Colombia
Flag of Montería
Flag
Official seal of Montería
Seal
Nickname(s): 
La Venecia Colombiana (The Colombian Venice), La Capital Ganadera de Colombia (The Rancher Capital of Colombia) or La Ciudad de las Golondrinas (The City of the Swallows)
Location within the Department of Córdoba
Location within the Department of Córdoba
Coordinates: 8°45′N 75°53′W / 8.750°N 75.883°W / 8.750; -75.883Coordinates: 8°45′N 75°53′W / 8.750°N 75.883°W / 8.750; -75.883
CountryColombia
RegionCaribbean Region (Colombia)
DepartmentCórdoba*
FoundationMay 1, 1777
Government
 • MayorCarlos Ordosgoitia Sanín present - Trabajando con Leyton. Hermano de Ingrid.
Area
 • Total3,141 km2 (1,213 sq mi)
Elevation
18 m (59 ft)
Population
 (2018 Census[1])
 • Total490,935
 • Density160/km2 (400/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Monteriano
Time zoneUTC-05 (Eastern Time Zone)
Area code(s)57 + 4
WebsiteOfficial website (in Spanish)
*Monteria metropolitan area is yet to be determined.

HistoryEdit

The area where the Department of Córdoba is located today was first settled by Zenú Indians, who lived near the banks of three rivers: the Sinú (Finzenú), the San Jorge (Panzenú) and the Nechí (Zenúfana). Montería was founded on May 1, 1777[2] by Spanish officer Antonio de la Torre y Miranda, being governor of the Province of Cartagena officer Juan de Torrezar Díaz Pimienta. The city, which had been named Montería by its inhabitants and located on the east side of the Sinú river, was then renamed "San Jerónimo de Buenavista" and moved to the west side of the river.

San Jerónimo de Buenavista was the name chosen by Antonio de la Torre y Miranda, in order to honor Saint Jeronimo, but people referred to it as Montería. In 1803, the city was burned by a group of natives, so the residents decided to move back to the Sinú's east bank, where it remains today. In recent years, Monteria has seen a growth in population on the west side. In 1923, it became a municipality of Bolívar Department, and in 1952, it was designated as capital of the new Department of Córdoba. Montería was located within the boundaries of the Colombian Department of Bolívar until 1952 when it separated from Bolívar and became the capital of the new Department of Córdoba.

With a population of approximately 400,000, the city is considered to be one of the ten most important cities in Colombia and is locally known as La Perla del Sinú (The Pearl of the River Sinú).

Geography and climateEdit

 
Valley of the Sinu river

The city, which lies in the Sinú valley, is divided by the Sinu river and surrounded and sparsely populated by tropical flora and fauna. The town's weather is mainly warm and moderately humid, with average yearly temperatures of 27 °C (80 °F). The area is subject to flooding.

Climate data for Montería (Los Garzones Airport) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.8
(98.2)
41.2
(106.2)
38.2
(100.8)
38.8
(101.8)
37.6
(99.7)
36.6
(97.9)
37.4
(99.3)
36.6
(97.9)
36.5
(97.7)
36.2
(97.2)
36.0
(96.8)
38.8
(101.8)
41.2
(106.2)
Average high °C (°F) 33.7
(92.7)
34.2
(93.6)
34.3
(93.7)
34.0
(93.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.8
(91.0)
32.9
(91.2)
32.9
(91.2)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.9
(91.2)
33.2
(91.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 28.0
(82.4)
28.2
(82.8)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.3
(82.9)
28.0
(82.4)
27.8
(82.0)
27.7
(81.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.7
(81.9)
28.1
(82.6)
Average low °C (°F) 22.4
(72.3)
22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.6
(74.5)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
23.1
(73.6)
22.9
(73.2)
23.1
(73.6)
Record low °C (°F) 19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
20.0
(68.0)
20.7
(69.3)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
19.6
(67.3)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
20.0
(68.0)
18.7
(65.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.3
(0.29)
12.6
(0.50)
28.6
(1.13)
99.4
(3.91)
187.5
(7.38)
140.9
(5.55)
168.4
(6.63)
166.4
(6.55)
205.8
(8.10)
145.9
(5.74)
101.1
(3.98)
42.1
(1.66)
1,281.7
(50.46)
Average precipitation days 2 2 3 8 14 13 14 15 15 13 10 5 108
Average relative humidity (%) 77 76 76 77 81 81 81 82 82 82 83 81 80
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[3][4][5]
Climate data for Montería (University of Córdoba) 1981–2010
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.4
(95.7)
36.4
(97.5)
38.8
(101.8)
37.6
(99.7)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
38.2
(100.8)
36.6
(97.9)
36.4
(97.5)
34.8
(94.6)
37.2
(99.0)
37.6
(99.7)
38.8
(101.8)
Average high °C (°F) 33.2
(91.8)
33.7
(92.7)
33.7
(92.7)
33.4
(92.1)
32.4
(90.3)
32.4
(90.3)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.0
(89.6)
31.9
(89.4)
32.0
(89.6)
32.5
(90.5)
32.7
(90.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.3
(81.1)
27.4
(81.3)
27.8
(82.0)
28.0
(82.4)
27.7
(81.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.2
(81.0)
27.1
(80.8)
27.2
(81.0)
27.2
(81.0)
27.5
(81.5)
Average low °C (°F) 22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.7
(74.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75.0)
23.8
(74.8)
23.6
(74.5)
23.5
(74.3)
23.2
(73.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.4
(74.1)
23.2
(73.8)
23.5
(74.3)
Record low °C (°F) 17.6
(63.7)
16.2
(61.2)
18.0
(64.4)
17.8
(64.0)
16.4
(61.5)
18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
18.8
(65.8)
17.0
(62.6)
18.4
(65.1)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.2
(61.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 11.7
(0.46)
16.5
(0.65)
30.0
(1.18)
116.2
(4.57)
175.5
(6.91)
163.1
(6.42)
156.3
(6.15)
180.9
(7.12)
202.9
(7.99)
153.0
(6.02)
103.8
(4.09)
34.9
(1.37)
1,323.6
(52.11)
Average precipitation days 3 3 4 10 16 16 16 17 17 15 12 5 131
Average relative humidity (%) 81 80 78 81 84 85 84 84 85 85 85 84 83
Mean monthly sunshine hours 235.6 203.4 192.2 159.0 148.8 159.0 195.3 186.0 150.0 164.3 180.0 192.2 2,165.8
Mean daily sunshine hours 7.6 7.2 6.2 5.3 4.8 5.3 6.3 6.0 5.0 5.3 6.0 6.2 5.9
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales[3][4]

Media and communicationsEdit

NewspapersEdit

EconomyEdit

The town's economy is based mainly on cattle farming, and a very prosperous commercial district consisting of modern malls, shops, and restaurant chains. It is considered to be the Cattle Farming Capital of Colombia and celebrates this title with a yearly festival.

Plus, the city is one of the most important destination with venues of the country by having Great Stadiums and Convention centers, and have received important celebrities such as Maelo Ruiz, Jorge Celedón, Shakira, Years and Years, Juanes, Carlos Vives, among others.

TransportationEdit

Monteria lies on a major highway connecting Medellín to Sincelejo and extending to Cartagena and Barranquilla. It has an effective public transportation system and arterial connections to the rest of the country.

Public transportationEdit

As is common in most Colombian municipalities, public transportation is tightly integrated into the city. A system of taxis and several lines of large and small buses serve the community on surface streets. The streets of Monteria are also full of motorcycle taxis or "rapimotos" that provide economical transportation.

A passenger-only ferry system known as "Planchones", consists of roofed wooden rafts. It traverses the Sinu river along a system of manual cable tows. It was made as a way to cross the river before a proper bridge could be built and has served as an alternative to cross the river ever since. It is one of the most remarkable features of the city.[original research?]

WaterEdit

 
View of Monteria from the Sinu river.

The city is served by a fishing port, but the waters of the Sinu river do not run deep enough and are not wide enough to serve as a commercial channel. High quality sand is brought up from the bottom of the river in buckets placed by divers, for use in the making of cinder blocks for local and regional construction projects.

Air travelEdit

Monteria is home to an international airport, Los Garzones Airport, which provides service to capital cities of neighboring provinces, through the country's main air carrier Avianca, easyfly and LATAM airlines.

The main cities served from the airport are Panama City and Bogotá

DemographicsEdit

The region is populated by a diverse mix of people, including the indigenous people of the region, the descendants of the Sinu Indians, a tribe of natives with their own language that once produced ornate pottery and goldworks.

Tourism and sportEdit

Sites of interestEdit

 
Colonial church in downtown Monteria.

Sites of interest in Monteria include:

  • The city's 1st Avenue[6] runs along the Sinú river.
  • Simon Bolivar Park separates the river from 1st Avenue and is home to wild monkeys and sloths.
  • San Antero Beach is a beach which has a lot of tourist attractions.[citation needed]
  • The Colonial-era Cathedral of Saint Jeronimo is surrounded by a park.
  • Alamedas del Sinu is a shopping center in the area.
  • The bridge spanning the Sinu river is a local landmark.
  • Centro Comercial Buenavista Montería

Sporting clubsEdit

  • Centro Recreacional Tacasuán
  • Club Campestre
  • Club de golf
  • Jaguares de Cordoba - Professional Soccer team that plays in Jaraguay Stadium in Montería

EducationEdit

Both public and private educational institutions run the gamut from unlicensed private preschools to fully accredited universities.

UniversitiesEdit

Sister CitiesEdit

Health careEdit

A new hospital was recently[when?] constructed in Barrio Urbina, called The Hospital of Saint Jeronimo. Other facilities include 2 government hospitals, 17 health care facilities and 32 health care clinics.[citation needed]

External links and referencesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.dane.gov.co/files/varios/informacion-capital-DANE-2019.pdf
  2. ^ Castro, Jaime. Historia extensa de Montería.
  3. ^ a b "Promedios Climatológicos 1981–2010" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Promedios Climatológicos 1971–2000" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Tiempo y Clima" (in Spanish). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Archived from the original on 15 August 2016. Retrieved 16 August 2016.
  6. ^ https://archive.is/20070824052359/http://www.cordoba.gov.co/monteria/fotos/avenida/foto_27.html