Montebello is a municipality located in the Papineau Regional County Municipality of Western Quebec, Canada. At the 2001 census, there were 1,039 permanent residents. The village has a total area of 7.95 square kilometres (3.07 sq mi), and is located at the eastern edge of Quebec's Outaouais region. It is located on the border with Ontario.
|Coordinates: 45°39′N 74°56′W / 45.650°N 74.933°WCoordinates: 45°39′N 74°56′W / 45.650°N 74.933°W|
|Constituted||August 29, 1885|
|• Mayor||Wesley Fairchild|
|• Federal riding||Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation|
|• Prov. riding||Papineau|
|• Total||10.50 km2 (4.05 sq mi)|
|• Land||8.62 km2 (3.33 sq mi)|
|• Density||114.0/km2 (295/sq mi)|
|• Pop 2011-2016||0.5%|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
|Highways|| Route 148 |
The village is the location of the Château Montebello resort, the largest log structure ever built. The resort was the host of the 1983 NATO Nuclear Planning Group, and the 1981 G7 Economic Summit.
Parc Omega, a large drive-through wildlife park, is just to the north in Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours.
Since 2005, it also hosts the Amnesia Rockfest, which had become Canada's largest rock festival. Past performers include System of a Down, Blink-182, Alice Cooper, The Offspring, Korn, Marilyn Manson, Linkin Park, Rise Against and Dream Theater.
Non-native settlement of the area began when the land of the Petite Nation Seigneury was purchased by Joseph Papineau in 1801. Later in 1817, Louis-Joseph Papineau inherited the property and starting in 1846, built the Manor of Montebello, which is now a National Historic Site in the national park system, operated by Parks Canada. The Family Museum, (c. 1880) which is on the national Register of Historic Places, is next to Manoir Papineau, on the grounds of the National Historic Site.
Louis-Joseph is credited with giving the name "Monte-Bello" to the location in 1854 as tribute to Louis Napoleon Lannes, Duke of Montebello (1801-1874), French diplomat and foreign minister in 1839, with whom he had become acquainted during his exile in France from 1839 to 1845.
In 1855, the village got its post office. In 1878, it separated from the Parish Municipality of Notre-Dame-de-Bon-Secours-de-la-Petite-Nation and formed the Village Municipality of Montebello. On August 2, 2003, its status was changed and it became the Municipality of Montebello.
On August 20–21, 2007, the President of the United States (George W. Bush), the Prime Minister of Canada (Stephen Harper), and the President of Mexico (Felipe Calderón) held a major trilateral summit meeting, in relation to the Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America, at the Château Montebello. A diverse group numbering more than 1,200 protestors opposed the SPP meeting. The group included labour unions, environmental activists, political parties and NGOs.
|Population||934 (-5.0% from 2016)||983 (0.5% from 2011)||978 (-0.9% from 2006)|
|Land area||8.60 km2 (3.32 sq mi)||8.62 km2 (3.33 sq mi)||8.36 km2 (3.23 sq mi)|
|Population density||108.7/km2 (282/sq mi)||114.0/km2 (295/sq mi)||117.0/km2 (303/sq mi)|
|Median age||54.4 (M: 54.8, F: 54)||52.6 (M: 53.4, F: 51.7)||51.2 (M: 51.7, F: 50.4)|
|Total private dwellings||460||505||527|
|Median household income||$52,480||$40,851|
|Source: Statistics Canada|
- English as first language: 5.6%
- French as first language: 89.8%
- English and French as first language: 2.0%
- Other as first language: 2.0%
List of former mayors:
This list is incomplete; you can help by adding missing items. (January 2020)
- Henri Bourassa (1890–1894)
- Jean-Paul Descoeurs (2001–2009)
- Pierre Bertrand (2009–2013)
- Luc Ménard (2013-2017)
- Wesley Fairchild (2017–present)
- ^ "Reference number 379130 in Banque de noms de lieux du Québec". toponymie.gouv.qc.ca (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec.
- ^ a b "Montebello". Répertoire des municipalités (in French). Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire. Archived from the original on 2012-06-07. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- ^ a b c "Montebello, Quebec (Code 2480010) Census Profile". 2016 census. Government of Canada - Statistics Canada.
- ^ Manoir Papineau. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
- ^ a b c "Montebello" (in French). Commission de toponymie du Québec. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- ^ http://www.historicplaces.ca/visit-visite/affichage-display.aspx?id=10215 Canadian Register of Historic Places.
- ^ "2021 Community Profiles". 2021 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 4, 2022. Retrieved 2022-04-27.
- ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019. Retrieved 2020-01-30.
- ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
- ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
- ^ "Biography – BOURASSA, HENRI – Volume XVIII (1951-1960) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography". www.biographi.ca. Retrieved 2022-03-03.