Monotropastrum humile

Monotropastrum humile is a species of myco-heterotrophic plant of the family Ericaceae, distributed throughout eastern Asia, from the Himalayas to the Islands of Japan.[1]

Monotropastrum humile
Monotropastrum humile.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Monotropastrum
M. humile
Binomial name
Monotropastrum humile
(D.Don) H.Hara

It lacks chlorophyll and is therefore unable to perform photosynthesis as most plants do; instead it gains sugars and nutrients from mycorrhizal fungi.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ a b Yamada, A.; Kitamura, D.; Setoguchi, M.; Matsuda, Y.; Hashimoto, Y.; Matsushita, N.; Fukuda, M. (2008). "Monotropastrum humile var. humile is associated with diverse ectomycorrhizal Russulaceae fungi in Japanese forests". Ecological Research. 23 (6): 983. doi:10.1007/s11284-008-0463-7. hdl:10091/1185. Free version
  2. ^ Tsukaya, H.; Yokoyama, J.; Imaichi, R.; Ohba, H. (2008). "Taxonomic status of Monotropastrum humile, with special reference to M. Humile var. glaberrimum (Ericaceae, Monotropoideae)". Journal of Plant Research. 121 (3): 271–278. doi:10.1007/s10265-008-0157-9. PMID 18389172.
  3. ^ Matsuda, Y.; Yamada, A. (2003). "Mycorrhizal morphology of Monotropastrum humile collected from six different forests in central Japan". Mycologia. 95 (6): 993–997. doi:10.2307/3761906. JSTOR 3761906. PMID 21149007.