Monmouth (UK Parliament constituency)
Monmouth (Welsh: Sir Fynwy) is a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (at Westminster). It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post of election. The constituency was created for the 1918 general election. Since 2005 the MP has been David Davies of the Conservative Party.
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Monmouth in Wales.
|Electorate||65,432 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Abergavenny, Chepstow, Monmouth|
|Member of parliament||David Davies (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Monmouth Boroughs, North Monmouthshire and South Monmouthshire|
|Welsh Assembly||South East Wales|
|European Parliament constituency||Wales|
The Monmouth Welsh Assembly constituency, created in 1999, has normally the same boundaries as the Westminster constituency.
The current MP is the Conservative David Davies, elected in 2005 and a former member for the Welsh Assembly seat of the same name. To avoid confusion with the Yorkshire Conservative David Davis, he is named in Hansard as "David T.C. Davies".
The constituency is one of eight covering the preserved county of Gwent. The other seven are Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Islwyn, Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, Newport East, Newport West and Torfaen. Merthyr Tydfil and Rhymney, however, straddles the boundary with the preserved county of Mid Glamorgan. It covers most of current local authority of Monmouthshire, with the main towns being Chepstow and Monmouth.
For the 2010 general election, there were no changes to the boundaries of the Monmouth constituency stemming from the Fifth Review of the Boundary Commission for Wales. Likewise there were no boundary changes in 1997.
1918 to 1983Edit
As first used in the 1918 general election, the constituency was a creation of the Representation of the People Act 1918 as one of six constituencies covering the county of Monmouth. Prior to the 1918 election the county had been covered, nominally, by the county constituencies of Northern Monmouthshire, Southern Monmouthshire, and Western Monmouthshire, and the Monmouth Boroughs borough constituency. By 1918, however, administrative county boundaries were out of alignment with constituency boundaries. The new constituency boundaries took account of the new local government boundaries.
The other Monmouthshire constituencies defined by the 1918 legislation were the county constituencies of Abertillery, Bedwellty, Ebbw Vale and Pontypool, and the borough constituency of Newport. This general pattern was maintained until 1983, nine years after the administrative county they were based on had been abolished, but there were some boundary changes during the 1918 to 1983 period.
In 1918 the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny, and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, and Usk, the rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor, Monmouth, Cwmbran and Pontypool, and part of the rural district of St Mellons. The same boundaries were used for the general elections of 1922, 1923, 1924, 1929, 1931, 1935 and 1945.
New boundaries, created by the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949, were used for the 1950 general election, and the Monmouth constituency was defined as consisting of the municipal boroughs of Abergavenny and Monmouth, the urban districts of Caerleon, Chepstow, Cwmbran and Usk, and the rural districts of Abergavenny, Chepstow, Magor and St Mellons, Monmouth, and Pontypool.
The constituency was redefined again for the 1955 general election, taking account of new local government boundaries. The result was the same list of boroughs and districts as for the 1951 election. 1951 boundaries were used also in the general elections of 1959, 1964, 1966, 1970, February 1974, October 1974 and 1979.
In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, the local government county of Monmouth was abolished. For the 1983 general election, new constituency boundaries were drawn, taking account of new local government boundaries.
Members of ParliamentEdit
The following list does not include MPs who actually represented Monmouth Boroughs:
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Labour||Ruth Lorraine Jones||18,205||36.6||+9.8|
|Liberal Democrat||Veronica German||2,064||4.2||−1.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Carole Damon||1,338||2.7||-1.3|
|Labour||Ruth Lorraine Jones||12,719||26.8||+0.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Veronica German||2,496||5.3||−14.1|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||1,875||3.9||+1.2|
|English Democrat||Stephen Morris||100||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Martin Blakebrough||9,026||19.4||+6.6|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||1,273||2.7||+0.6|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Phylip A. D. Hobson||5,852||12.8||+1.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Jonathan Clark||993||2.2||−0.2|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+5.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Neil Parker||5,080||11.4||+1.9|
|Plaid Cymru||Marc Hubbard||1,068||2.4||+1.3|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
|Liberal Democrat||Mark Williams||4,689||9.6||-1.4|
|Plaid Cymru||Alan Cotton||516||1.1||+0.3|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+7.4|
|Liberal Democrat||Frances David||5,562||10.9||−13.1|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin Witherden||431||0.8||+0.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Frances David||11,164||24.8||N/A|
|Monster Raving Loony||Screaming Lord Sutch||314||0.7||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru (Green)||Melvin Witherden||277||0.6||-0.2|
|Unitax Independent||Peter Carpenter||164||0.4||N/A|
|Corrective Party||Lindi St Clair||121||0.3||N/A|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||-12.6|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||22,387||47.5||−1.6|
|Social Democratic||Clive Lindley||11,313||24.0||−4.0|
|Plaid Cymru||Sian Meredudd||363||0.8||−0.3|
|Conservative||John Stradling Thomas||21,746||49.2||-1.3|
|Social Democratic||Clive Lindley||12,403||28.0||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Gwynddri Williams||493||1.1||+0.1|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|Liberal||David H. Hando||8,494||12.8||-4.14|
|Plaid Cymru||G. Williams||641||1.0||-0.41|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||10,076||16.94||-1.50|
|Plaid Cymru||T. Brimmacombe||839||1.41||-0.08|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||11,506||18.44||+11.76|
|Plaid Cymru||E.H. Spanwick||930||1.49||-0.98|
|Liberal||David H. Hando||4,601||6.68||N/A|
|Plaid Cymru||Stuart K. Neale||1,501||2.47||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Labour||A. Calvin Kerr||21,921||42.71||-0.27|
|Liberal||D. Hywell Davies||6,764||13.14||N/A|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
Elections in the 1940sEdit
|Labour||A. B. L. Oakley||18,953||47.3||-0.8|
|Labour||A. B. L. Oakley||20,543||48.1||+8.2|
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||F. R. Hancock||11,543||39.9||+3.3|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Richard Charles Williams||8,582||25.8||N/A|
Elections in the 1910sEdit
|Unionist win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Beyond 20/20 WDS - Table view". 2011 Electorate Figures. StatsWales. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Boundary Commission for Wales website
The Parliamentary Constituencies and Assembly Electoral Regions (Wales) Order 2006, OPSI website
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972 (ISBN 0-900178-09-4), F. W. S. Craig 1972
Craig attributes the 1951 alteration to SI 1851/1390 under section 2(3) of the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 3)
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- Declaration of result of poll
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- Boothroyd, David. "Results of Byelections in the 1987-92 Parliament". United Kingdom Election Results. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
- Etholiadau'r ganrif 1885-1997, Beti Jones
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Politics Resources (Election results from 1922 onwards)
- Electoral Calculus (Election results from 1955 onwards)
- 2017 Election House Of Commons Library 2017 Election report
- A Vision Of Britain Through Time (Constituency elector numbers)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
| Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer