Mongol United Autonomous Government

The Mongol United Autonomous Government was a Japanese puppet regime in Inner Mongolia from 1937 to 1939.

Mongol United Autonomous Government
蒙古聯盟自治政府 (Japanese, Chinese)
Ménggǔ Liánméng Zìzhì Zhèngfǔ
Mōngōru Renmei Jichi Seifu
ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯᠤᠨ
ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ
ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠤ
ᠨᠢᠭᠡᠳᠦᠭᠰᠡᠨ
ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠭᠤᠨ
ᠣᠷᠳᠣᠨ

Монголын Өөртөө Засах Нэгдсэн Засгийн Ордон (Mongolian)
1937–1939
Flag of Mongol United Autonomous Government
Flag
Map of the United Mongol Autonomous Government
Map of the United Mongol Autonomous Government
StatusAdministratively autonomous component of Mengjiang
CapitalHohhot
Common languages
GovernmentCivil administration
Historical era
• Capture of Hohhot and Baotou
27 October 1937
1 September 1939
CurrencyMengjiang yuan
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Republic of China
Mengjiang
Today part ofChina

HistoryEdit

Following the Marco Polo Bridge Incident, Japanese troops were eager to sent troops into Inner Mongolia, and on October 14th, 1937, the Japanese captured Hohhot and October 17th, Baotou.[1] On October 27th, the 2nd Mongol Conference was held in Hohhot with the assistance of Japan, and the Mongol United Autonomous Government was established on the 28th along with the Inner Mongolian Interim Law, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Government Referendum, and the election of Yondonwangchug as chairman of the government.[2]

Along with other puppet governments in Mongolia, like the autonomous governments of South Chahar and North Shanxi, established the Mongolian-Jiangsu Joint Committee to administer general affairs within Inner Mongolia and Shanxi. On September 1st, 1939, the governments went a step further by establishing the Mengjiang government.[3]

OrganizationEdit

The Mongol United Autonomous Government was established in Hohhot with a chairman and vice chairman; "the chairman is the sovereign of the Mongol United Autonomous Government; in case of an incident, the chairman will act on his behalf". There was also the Governmental Council responsible for all administrations. The State Council included the Ministry of General Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, and the Ministry of Security, each with several smaller departments.[1]

The subdivisions of the Mongol United Autonomous Government, under the jurisdiction of the Council of State Affairs, were the Ulan Chabu League, the Yikezhao League, the Chahar League, Bayantala League (established later on), and the Xilin Gol League, along with the municipal offices of Hohhot and Baotou. Each league office had one league leader, one deputy leader, and one Japanese participating official.[1]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "第二节 伪蒙疆政府,内蒙古区情网,2011-4-14 [Section 2: Puppet Mengjiang Government, Inner Mongolia District, 2011-4-14]". Archived from the original on 2017-02-17.
  2. ^ Jinhai, Sudebilike (2007). History of Inner Mongolia. Inner Mongolia University Press. p. 151.
  3. ^ Qi, Jianmin (2002). 日本陆军与"蒙疆联合委员会" [Japanese Army and "Mengjiang Joint Committee"]. Research on the War of Resistance against Japan, Issue 2.