A currency symbol is a graphic symbol used as a shorthand for a currency's name, especially in reference to amounts of money.
Although several former currency symbols were rendered obsolete by the adoption of the euro, having a new and unique currency symbol – implementation of which requires the adoption of new Unicode and type formats – has now become a status symbol for international currencies. The European Commission considers the global recognition of the euro sign € part of its success. In 2009, India launched a public competition to replace the ₨ ligature it shared with neighbouring countries. It finalised its new currency symbol, ₹ (₹) on 15 July 2010. It is a blend of the Latin letter 'R' with the Devanagari letter 'र' (ra).
When writing currency amounts, the location of the symbol varies by language. Many currencies in the English-speaking world and Latin America place it before the amount (e.g., R$50,00). The Cape Verdean escudo (as the Portuguese escudo, to which it was formerly pegged) places its symbol in the decimal separator position (i.e., 20$00). In many European countries such as France, Germany, Greece, Scandinavian countries, the symbol is usually placed after the amount (e.g., 20,50 €).
The decimal separator also follows local countries' standards. For instance, the United Kingdom often uses an interpunct as the decimal point on price stickers (e.g., £5·52), although no longer generally does so in print. Commas (e.g. €5,00) or decimal points (e.g. $50.00) are common separators used in other countries. See decimal separator for information on international standards.
Older currency symbols have evolved slowly, often from previous currencies. The dollar and peso symbols originated from the mark employed to denote the Spanish real de a ocho, whereas the pound and lira symbols evolved from an L standing for libra, a Roman pound of silver. Newly invented currencies and currencies adopting new symbols have symbolism closer to their adopter. The added center bar in the real sign is meant to symbolize stability. The new Indian rupee sign, ₹, is a stylized combination of Latin and Devanagari letters.
There are also other considerations, such as the perception of the business community and how the symbol is rendered on computers. For a new symbol to be used, software to render it needs to be promulgated and keyboards need to be altered or shortcuts added to type the icon. The EU was criticized for not considering how the euro symbol would need to be customized to work in different fonts. The original design was also exceptionally wide. These two factors have led to most typefaces employing customized, font-specific versions, usually with reduced width.
List of presently-circulating currency symbolsEdit
|¤||Generic currency sign||Used when the correct symbol is not available|
|Bolívar sometimes Bs.F.|
|Bs.F.||Venezuelan bolívar variant||Usually Bs.|
|¢||cent, centavo, &c.||A centesimal subdivision of currencies such as the US dollar, the Canadian dollar, and the Mexican peso. (See article.)|
See also c
|c||cent &c. variant||Preferred by currencies such as the Australian, New Zealand, South African cents; the West African CFA centime; and the divisions of the euro.|
See also ¢
|Ch.||Bhutanese chhertum||A centesimal division of the ngultrum.|
|₡||Costa Rican colón, symbol was also used for the Salvadoran colón.||The Salvadoran colón was discontinued in 2001 and it was replaced by the US dollar.|
|ден||Macedonian denar||Latin form: DEN|
|دج||Algerian dinar||Latin form: DA|
|.د.ب||Bahraini dinar||Latin form: BD|
|د.ك||Kuwaiti dinar||Latin form: K.D.|
|ل.د||Libyan dinar||Latin form: LD|
|дин||Serbian dinar||Latin form: din.|
|د.ت||Tunisian dinar||Latin form: DT|
|د.م.||Moroccan dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|د.إ||United Arab Emirates dirham||Latin forms: DH or Dhs|
|Db||São Tomé and Príncipe dobra|
|$||Australian (A$), Bahamian (B$), Barbadian (Bds$), Belizean (BZ$), Bermudian (BD$), Brunei (B$), Canadian (Can$), Cayman Islands (CI$), East Caribbean (EC$), Fiji (FJ$), Guyanese (G$), Hong Kong (HK$/元/圓), Jamaican (J$), Kiribati, Liberian (L$), Namibian (N$), New Zealand (NZ$), Singaporean (S$), Solomon Islands (SI$), Surinamese (SRD), New Taiwan (NT$/元/圓), Trinidad and Tobago (TT$), and Tuvaluan, United States (US$), dollars
Argentine, Chilean (CLP$), Colombian (COP$), Cuban ($MN), Cuban convertible (CUC$), Dominican (RD$), Mexican (Mex$), and Uruguayan ($U) pesos
|May appear with either one or two bars ( ), which share the same Unicode space.|
Kiribati and Tuvalu's dollars are pegged 1:1 with the Australian dollar.
Brunei's dollar is pegged 1:1 with the Singaporean dollar.
See also C$ and MOP$ and R$ and T$ and WS$
Unicode: See $ for variants.
|₫||Vietnamese đồng||U+20AB ₫ DONG SIGN|
|Armenian dram||U+058F ֏ ARMENIAN DRAM SIGN|
|Esc||Cape Verdean escudo||Also the double-barred dollar sign (cifrão):|
|€||Euro||In addition to the members of the eurozone, the Vatican, San Marino, Monaco and Andorra have been granted issuing rights for coinage but not banknotes.|
|ƒ||Aruban florin (Afl.)
Netherlands Antillean guilder (NAƒ)
|FCFA||Central African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with West African CFA franc|
|CFA||West African CFA franc||Pegged 1:1 with Central African CFA franc|
|₣||Comorian (CF), Congolese (CF, FC), Djiboutian (Fdj/DF), Guinean (FG/GFr), CFP Franc (₣) and Swiss (SFr) francs||Also F. The character ₣, representing an F with a double bar, was the symbol of the French franc, Sometimes it is represented by a ligature Fr in some fonts.|
|FRw||Rwandan franc||Possibly also RF and RFr|
|gr||Polish grosz||A centesimal division of the złoty|
|h||Czech haléř||A centesimal division of the koruna|
|₭||Lao kip||Or ₭N|
|kr||Danish krone (DKK)
Norwegian krone (NOK)
Swedish krona (SEK)
Icelandic króna (ISK)
|Faroese króna pegged 1:1 with Danish krone, which is in turn pegged to the Euro through the ERMII.|
Papua New Guinean kina
|Georgian lari||Unicode: U+20BE ₾ LARI SIGN (may display incorrectly)|
|Also used as the currency symbol for the Lesotho one-loti and the Swazi one-lilangeni note|
Also uncommonly used for the pound sign £
|Le||Sierra Leonean leone|
|E||Swazi lilangeni||Symbol based on the plural form "emalangeni". |
The one-lilageni note employs the currency symbol L
|lp||Croatian lipa||A centesimal division of the kuna.|
|₺||Turkish lira||Unicode: U+20BA ₺ TURKISH LIRA SIGN|
|M||Lesotho loti||Symbol based on plural form "maloti". |
The one-loti note employs the currency symbol L
|Azerbaijani manat||Also m. and man. Unicode: U+20BC ₼ MANAT SIGN (may display incorrectly)|
|KM||Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark||Cyrillic form: КМ|
|MT||Mozambican metical||Also MTn|
|₥||Mill, mil, &.c||An uncommon millesimal subdivision of US dollars and other currencies. (See article.)|
|Nfk||Eritrean nakfa||Also Nfa|
|MOP$||Macanese pataca||Also 圓 and 元|
|p||Alderney, British, Falkland Islands, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx (M£) and Saint Helena pennies||The penny is now a centesimal division of the pound.|
|₱||Philippine peso||Also ₱, PHP, and P|
|pt||Egyptian piastre||A centesimal division of the Egyptian pound. |
A local symbol used in handwriting and occasionally print is represented by a stylised form of "Arabic Letter Dotless Qaf" ٯ placed above the digits. Due to lack of computer support its use is dwindling.
|£||Alderney, British, Falkland Islands (FK£), Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Manx (M£) and Saint Helena pounds
Egyptian pound (E£)
|Also ₤ and L. All, except EGP, are pegged 1:1 to GBP.
EGP also abbreviated L.E. (short for French livre égyptienne), and, in Arabic, ج.م.
|q||Albanian qindarkë||A centesimal division of the lek.|
|R||South African rand||Also sometimes Russian &c. rubles|
|R$||Brazilian real||The $ is sometimes written with a double bar like a double-barred dollar sign:|
|﷼||Iranian rial||Unicode: U+FDFC ﷼ RIAL SIGN|
|ر.ق||Qatari riyal||Latin: QR|
|ر.س||Saudi riyal||Latin: SR. Also: ﷼|
|₽||Russian ruble||Unicode: U+20BD ₽ RUBLE SIGN|
|Rf.||Maldivian rufiyaa||Also MRf., MVR and .ރ|
|₹||Indian rupee||Previously ₨ or Re (before 15 July 2010). Unicode: U+20B9 ₹ INDIAN RUPEE SIGN|
|₨||Mauritian, Nepalese (N₨/रू|
|SRe||Seychellois rupee||Also SR|
|₪||Israeli new shekel|
|Tsh||Tanzanian shilling||Also TSh|
|Ksh||Kenyan shilling||Also KSh|
|SDR||Special drawing rights|
|, сом||Kyrgyzstani som||: Early 2017 the National Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic approved an underlined C as new currency symbol.|
|৳||Bangladeshi Taka||Also Tk|
|WS$||Samoan tālā||Symbol based on previous name "West Samoan tala". |
Also T and ST.
See also $
|Kazakhstani tenge||U+20B8 ₸ TENGE SIGN (may display incorrectly)|
|₩||North Korean won|
South Korean won
|¥||Japanese yen (円/圓)
Chinese Renminbi yuan (元/圆)
|Used with one and two crossbars.|
円 (en, lit. "circle") is frequently used in Japan colloquially.
元 is also used in reference to the Macanese pataca and Hong Kong and Taiwanese dollars.
Unicode: U+00A5 ¥ YEN SIGN, U+FFE5 ￥ FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN
|Language||Sign in Unicode|
|Tamil||U+0BF9 ௹ TAMIL RUPEE SIGN (HTML |
|Gujarati||U+0AF1 ૱ GUJARATI RUPEE SIGN (HTML |
|Kannada||U+0CB0 ರ KANNADA LETTER RA (HTML |
|Sinhalese||U+0DD4 රු SINHALA VOWEL SIGN KETTI PAA-PILLA (HTML |
|North Indic||U+A838 ꠸ NORTH INDIC RUPEE MARK (HTML |
|Wancho||U+1E2FF 𞋿 WANCHO NGUN SIGN (HTML |
List of historic currency symbolsEdit
|₳||Argentine austral symbol|
|Cz$||Brazilian cruzado symbol|
|₢ Cr$||Brazilian cruzeiro symbol|
|₰||pfennig symbol of the German Mark (1875–1923) and the German Reichsmark (1923–1948)|
|M||East German Deutsche Mark (east) symbol (1948–1964)|
|DM||West German and united German Deutsche Mark (west) symbol (1948–2001)|
|₻||Nordic mark symbol used by Ludvig Holberg in Denmark and Norway in the 17th and 18th centuries|
|₯||Greek drachma symbol|
|₠||ECU symbol (not widely used, and now historical; replaced by the euro)|
|ƒ||Dutch gulden symbol, currently used in the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba|
|Fr||franc symbol, used in France and other countries; in France an F with double bar (₣) was proposed in 1988 but never adopted|
|Kčs||Czechoslovak koruna symbol (1919–1993)|
|₤||lira symbol, formerly used in Italy, San Marino and Vatican City (although not as an official symbol), and sometimes in Malta|
|Lm||Maltese lira symbol|
|Ls||Latvian lats symbol (1922–2013)|
|Lt||Lithuanian litas symbol (1922–2014)|
|M||East German Mark der DDR symbol (1968–1990)|
|ℳ||German Mark symbol (1875–1923)|
|MDN||East German Mark der Deutschen Notenbank symbol (1964–1968)|
|mk||Finnish markka symbol (1860–2002)|
|PF||Philippine peso fuerte symbol (1852–1901)|
|₧||Spanish peseta symbol (1869–2002)|
|R or RD||Swedish riksdaler (1777–1873)|
|ℛℳ||German reichsmark symbol (1923–1948)|
|Portuguese escudo symbol (cifrão)|
|Sk||Slovak koruna (1993–2008)|
|₷||Spesmilo (1907 – First World War) in the Esperanto movement|
|₶||Livre tournois symbol, used in medieval France|
|𐆚||As coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆖||Denarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆙||Dupondius coin used during the Roman Empire and Roman Republic|
|𐆗||Quinarius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|𐆘||Sestertius coin used in Ancient Rome from 211 BC to the 3rd century AD|
|£2 10s 3d, £2 10/3, £2 10'3||The United Kingdom and British Commonwealth countries, before decimalisation, used several recognised formats for amounts in pounds, shillings and Pence, all for the same amount. A hyphen or ASCII hyphen-minus was often used to indicate the absence of an amount e.g. 3/- or -/6|
|I/.||Peruvian inti (1985-1991)|
|৲||Bengali rupee mark|
|৹||Bengali ānā, historically used to represent 1/16th of a taka/rupee|
|৻||Bengali gaṇḍā, historically used to represent 1/20th of an ānā (1/320th of a taka/rupee)|
|߾||Dorome sign using the N'Ko alphabet|
|߿||Taman sign using the N'Ko alphabet|
|𞲰||Indic Siyaq rupee mark|
- Westcott, K. (2009) India seeks rupee status symbol, BBC 10 March 2009, accessed 1 September 2009
- (in Portuguese) Banco de Cabo Verde. "Moedas Archived January 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- "The real. rs money" (PDF). ECB. p. 3. Retrieved 2011-05-21.
- Banky Foiben'i Madagasikara. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Bank of Guyana. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Centrale Bank van Aruba. About Us – A Brief History of the Bank." Accessed 23 Feb 2011.
- National Bank of Rwanda. "Legal tender Archived 2011-04-03 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- University of British Columbia: Saunders School of Business. "Currencies of the World." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Lonely Planet. "Rwanda." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Banco de Moçambique. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Forexforums.com. "Currency symbol finder Archived 2011-02-21 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Banque Centrale de Mauritanie Archived 2010-12-19 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Bank of Mauritius Archived 2006-12-28 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Nepal Rastra Bank. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Seychelles. Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Central Bank of Somalia Archived 2012-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed 24 Feb 2011.
- 10 February 2017, Bishkek - 24.kg news agency: KGS gets own currency symbol
- The Reserve Bank of Vanuatu. "Current Banknotes and Coins in Circulation Archived 2018-08-02 at the Wayback Machine." Accessed 25 Feb 2011.
- Everson, Michael (2017-10-22). "N4787R2: Proposal to encode the Wancho script" (PDF).
- Evensen, Nina Marie; Anderson, Deborah (2012-07-24). "L2/12-242: Proposal for one historic currency character, MARK SIGN" (PDF).
- "Bengali Code Chart, Range: 0980–09FF" (PDF). The Unicode Standard. Retrieved 2017-07-15.
- Pandey, Anshuman (2007-05-21). "L2/07-192: Proposal to Encode the Ganda Currency Mark for Bengali in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
- Everson, Michael (2015-12-19). "L2/15-338: Proposal to encode four N'Ko characters in the BMP of the UCS" (PDF).
- Pandey, Anshuman (2015-11-05). "L2/15-121R2: Proposal to Encode Indic Siyaq Numbers" (PDF).