Moncloa (Madrid Metro)

Moncloa is a multimodal station in Madrid, Spain that serves Madrid Metro Line 3 and Line 6, as well as city buses and intercity and long-distance coaches. It is located underneath Moncloa square and Princesa street near Arco de la Victoria and the headquarters of the Spanish Air Force in fare Zone A.[1][2]

Moncloa
MetroMadridLogoSimplified.svg
Madrid Metro station
Moncloa andén línea 3.jpg
Line 3 platforms, Moncloa
General information
LocationChamberí / Moncloa-Aravaca, Madrid
Spain
Coordinates40°26′07″N 3°43′09″W / 40.4353828°N 3.7191483°W / 40.4353828; -3.7191483Coordinates: 40°26′07″N 3°43′09″W / 40.4353828°N 3.7191483°W / 40.4353828; -3.7191483
Owned byCRTM
Operated byCRTM
Construction
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Fare zoneA
History
Opened17 July 1963 (1963-07-17)
Services
Preceding station Madrid Metro Following station
Argüelles Line 3 Terminus
Ciudad Universitaria
clockwise / outer
Line 6 Argüelles
anticlockwise / inner
Location
Moncloa is located in Madrid
Moncloa
Moncloa
Location within Madrid
Moncloa station headhouse

HistoryEdit

The station was inaugurated on 17 July 1963 when Line 3 was extended from Argüelles. The station featured 90-metre (300 ft) platforms, in contrast with the 60-metre (200 ft) found in the rest of the line. Because of this, it was the only station on Line 3 that was not renovated in 2006. The station had two entrances, one on Isaac Peral street, and the other on Fernández de los Ríos street, both of which are closed today.

The Line 6 platforms were inaugurated on 10 May 1995 when the segment between Laguna and Ciudad Universitaria was opened, converting Line 6 into a circular route.[3][4] The Line 6 platforms are deeper than the Line 3 platforms, and a new corridor was built to connect them, as well as a new entrance on Princesa street in front of the Junta Municipal de Distrito (district city offices).

The first underground bus terminal was inaugurated later that year, and it served intercity buses to towns on the Sierra de Guadarrama and towns along the A-6 highway. It had 14 bays and about 30 lines. The terminal had two additional entrances, one the corner of Paseo Moret and Princesa street and another on Princesa street in front of the Air Force headquarters. However, the number of intercity buses serving the station increased over the years, and by 2004 some buses had to stop on the street above the station due to a lack of space.

In order to address this issue, a new deeper set of Line 3 platforms was constructed between 2004 and 2006, and in 2008 a new bus terminal was opened in the space formerly occupied by the old Line 3 platforms. The new Line 3 platforms were built parallel to the Line 6 platforms to facilitate transfers. The Line 3 platform work affected the entire line, which had to be shut down for three consecutive summers between 2004 and 2006. On 30 September 2006, the new platforms were opened.[5] As part of the renovation, a new entrance was built on Arcipreste de Hita street and a new access was provided to the bus terminal, and the original entrances on Isaac Peral and Fernández de los Ríos streets were closed.

In the space left behind by the old Line 3 platforms, an expansion of the underground bus terminal was built, including an entrance in front of the Junta Municipal de Distrito. The new bus terminal opened on 19 February 2008, and seven bus lines were moved to the station.[6] In February and March of that year, additional lines were moved into the new station. In 2008 and 2009, the bus lines in the old terminal were reorganized to make better use of space.

On 12 January 2009, a 7000 series train on Line 6 derailed in the station, and from that point on AnsaldoBreda series trains were permanently banned from Line 6.

Between 28 June and 28 August 2014, the segment of Line 6 between Moncloa and Vicente Aleixandre (then known as Metropolitano) was closed for renovations, making Moncloa a temporary terminal station on Line 6.[7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Línea 3". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 21 March 2020.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ "Línea 6 Circular". Metro de Madrid. Retrieved 5 September 2019.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ Lucía Enguita Mayo (11 May 1995). "Madrid estrena la línea redonda del metro" [Madrid debuts round metro line]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  4. ^ Mercedes Contreras (11 May 1995). "Abiertas las 27 estaciones sin fin del Metro circular" [The 27 stations of the endless circular Metro are open]. ABC (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  5. ^ "La renovada línea 3 de metro abre sus puertas a 260.000 usuarios" [Renovated Metro Line 3 opens doors to 260,000 riders]. El País (in Spanish). 1 October 2006. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  6. ^ Pilar Álvarez (19 February 2008). "Siete líneas de autobuses estrenan hoy la macroestación de Moncloa" [Seven bus lines debut today at the Moncloa macro-station]. El País (in Spanish). Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  7. ^ Madrid Metro (June 2014). "Información: Cierre parcial de líneas" [Information: Partial line closure] (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 July 2014.