Manastir Vilayet

  (Redirected from Monastir Vilayet)

The Vilayet of Manastir[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت مناستر‎, romanized: Vilâyet-i Manastır)[4] was a first-level administrative division (vilayet) of the Ottoman Empire, created in 1874, dissolved in 1877 and re-established in 1879.[5] The vilayet was occupied during the First Balkan War in 1912 and divided between the Kingdom of Greece and the Kingdom of Serbia,[5] with some parts later becoming part of the newly established Principality of Albania.

ولايت مناستر
Vilâyet-i Manastır
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire
1874–1877
1879–1912
Flag of Manastir Vilayet
Flag
Monastir Vilayet, Ottoman Empire (1900).png
The Manastir Vilayet in 1900
CapitalManastir[1]
Population 
• 1911[2]
1,069,789
History 
• Established
1874
• Disestablished
1912
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Rumelia Eyalet
Independent Albania
Kingdom of Greece
Kingdom of Serbia
Today part of Albania
 North Macedonia
 Greece

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Ottoman map from 1907, showing the vilayet's five sanjaks
 
Table of the quantity and composition of the gendarmerie in the Bitola Vilayet (Bitola, July 22, 1904)

Initially the Manastir Vilayet had the following sanjaks:[6]

After administrative reforms in 1867 and 1877 some parts of the Manastir Vilayet were ceded to newly established Scutari Vilayet (1867) and Kosovo Vilayet (1877).

Administrative divisions of Manastir Vilayet until 1912:[7]

DemographicsEdit

1897Edit

According to Russian consul in the Manastir Vilayet, A. Rostkovski, finishing the statistical article in 1897, the total population was 803,340, with Rostkovski grouping the population into the following groups:[8][verification needed]

  • Turks, Ottomans: 78,867
  • Albanians, Ghegs: 144,918
  • Albanians, Tosks: 81,518
  • Albanians, Christians: 35,525
  • Slavs, Exarchists: 186,656
  • Slavs, Patriarchists: 93,694
  • Slavs, Muslims: 11,542
  • Greeks, Christians: 97,439
  • Greeks, Muslims: 10,584
  • Vlachs (Aromanians): 53,227
  • Jews: 5,270

1906/07Edit

According to the 1906/07 Ottoman census the vilayet had a total population of 824,828 people, ethnically consisting as:[9]

  • Muslims - 328,551
  • Christian Greeks - 286,001
  • Christian Bulgarians - 197,088
  • Wallachians - 5,556
  • Jews - 5,459
  • Gypsies - 2,104
  • Armenians - 8
  • Protestants - 5
  • Latins - 3
  • Foreign citizens - 53

1912Edit

According to an estimation published in a Belgian magazine, the ethnic composition in 1912 when the vilayet was dissolved during the First Balkan War was:[10]

During the Balkan Wars (1912-1913), the Serb military were responsible for 80 percent of the destruction of Muslim villages in Monastir vilayet.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Monastir" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  2. ^ Teaching Modern Southeast European History Archived 2012-03-20 at the Wayback Machine. Alternative Educational Materials, p. 26
  3. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Macedonia" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  4. ^ Salname-yi Vilâyet-i Manastır ("Yearbook of the Vilayet of Monastir"), Manastır vilâyet matbaası, Manastır [Macedonia], 1292 [1875]. in the website of Hathi Trust Digital Library.
  5. ^ a b Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German). 13. Reichert. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9783920153568.
  6. ^ Gjurmime albanologjike (in Serbian). Pristina: Albanološki institut u Prištini. 1968. p. 177. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  7. ^ http://tarihvemedeniyet.org/documents/makaleler/20.%20yy%20Osmanli%20Vilayetleri.pdf Ottoman Provinces before 1908
  8. ^ "Jedna statistika iz srednje Maćedonije". Nova Iskra (15–16): 251. 26 July 1899.
  9. ^ Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 168-169
  10. ^ Published on December 21, 1912 in the Belgian magazine Ons Volk Ontwaakt (Our Nation Awakes) - view the table of Vilajet Manastir: Skynet GodsdBalkan Archived 2017-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ Michailidis, Iakovos D. (2018). "Cleansing the Nation: War related Demographic Changes in Macedonia". In Boeckh, Katrin; Rutar, Sabine (eds.). The Wars of Yesterday: The Balkan Wars and the Emergence of Modern Military Conflict, 1912-13. Berghahn Books. p. 330. ISBN 9781785337758.

External linksEdit