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The Monarchy of Greece (Greek: Μοναρχία της Ελλάδας) or Greek Monarchy (Ελληνική Μοναρχία) was the government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Greece from 1832 to 1924 and 1935 to 1973.

Monarchy of Greece
Royal Coat of Arms of Greece.svg
King Constantine.jpg
Constantine II
Details
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchOtto I
(as King of Greece)
Last monarchConstantine II
(as King of the Hellenes)
Formation27 May 1832
Abolition1 June 1973[1]
ResidenceList
AppointerHereditary
Pretender(s)Constantine II

Contents

HistoryEdit

The Monarchy of Greece was created by the London Conference of 1832 at which the First Hellenic Republic was abolished. The Greek Crown was originally offered to Prince Leopold of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha but he declined, later being elected King of the Belgians.

In 1832 Prince Otto of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach was styled His Majesty Otto I, King of Greece, over which he reigned for 30 years until he was deposed in 1862. After Otto's deposition as King, the Crown was offered to, amongst others, the former British Colonial Secretary Edward Bulwer-Lytton.

A head of state referendum was held in 1862 to name a new King. Most of the Greek people wanted Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh, to be the new King. He won the referendum by 230,016 against the Duke of Leuchtenberg. Alfred declined to be King, and so did every candidate until Prince Vilhelm of Denmark of the House of Glücksburg, who had received six votes. Vilhelm was elected unanimously by the Greek Assembly, and became His Majesty George I, King of the Hellenes.

There was a referendum in 1920 to restore Constantine I as monarch, but four years later the Second Hellenic Republic was established and the monarchy was abolished following a referendum in 1924. Then in 1935 the Monarchy was restored after a referendum and maintained after a referendum in 1946.

In July 1973 the Greek military junta called a 'referendum', which abolished the Monarchy for the second time in Greek history. Then in 1974, the democratically elected Prime Minister, Konstantinos Karamanlis, called a referendum which formally abolished the Monarchy.

ResidencesEdit

Tatoi was the private residence and 10,000-acre estate outside of Athens originally bought by King George I in the 1870s. The property was seized by the Republic following the 1974 referendum and has long been a contentious issue between the former Royal Family and the Greek state.

List of Greek monarchsEdit

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1   King Otto I
(1815–1867)
Όθων
  Queen Amalia
(1818–1875)
Αμαλία
27 May 1832
[2]
23 October 1862
(Deposed)
House of Wittelsbach
2   King George I
(1845–1913)
Γεώργιος Α'
  Queen Olga
(1851–1926)
Όλγα
30 March 1863 18 March 1913 House of Glücksburg
3   King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
  Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
18 March 1913 11 June 1917
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
4   King Alexander I
(1893–1920)
Αλέξανδρος Α'
  Princess Aspasia
(1896–1972)
Ασπασία [3]
11 June 1917 25 October 1920 House of Glücksburg
(3)   King Constantine I
(1868–1923)
Κωνσταντίνος Α'
  Queen Sophia
(1870–1932)
Σοφία
19 December 1920 27 September 1922
(Abdicated)
House of Glücksburg
5   King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
  Queen Elisabeth
(1894–1956)
Ελισάβετ
27 September 1922 25 March 1924
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg
Second Hellenic Republic
(5)   King George II
(1890–1947)
Γεώργιος Β΄
Divorced 3 November 1935 1 April 1947 House of Glücksburg
6   King Paul I
(1901–1964)
Παύλος Α'
  Queen Frederica
(1917–1981)
Φρειδερίκη
1 April 1947 6 March 1964 House of Glücksburg
7   King Constantine II
(b. 1940)
Κωνσταντίνος Β΄
  Queen Anne-Marie
(b. 1946)
Άννα-Μαρία
6 March 1964 1 June 1973
(Deposed)
House of Glücksburg

Royal consortsEdit

Regents of GreeceEdit

InsigniaEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Junta had already staged a plebiscite held on 29 July 1973, which resulted in the establishment of the Republic. However, after the fall of the military regime, the new government, under Constantine Karamanlis, decided to hold another one, as Junta legal acts were considered illegal.
  2. ^ Protocol signed in 1832 but landed in Greece on 6 February 1833
  3. ^ Aspasia and Alexander's marriage was kept secret, and Aspasia was never styled as Queen of the Hellenes. Sometime after Alexander's death she was recognized as a Princess of Greece and Denmark instead.

External linksEdit