Mona Rudao, or Mouna Rudao (1880–1930; Chinese: 莫那·魯道), was the son of a chief of the Seediq tribe of Taiwanese aborigines. In 1911, he made a visit to Japan. He succeeded his father as a chief of the village of Mahebo (Chinese: 馬赫坡社) and became one of the most influential chiefs of the area of Wushe. Mona Rudao was from the Tgdaya group of the Seediq.

Mona Rudao
Mona Rudao (centre) and Seediq other tribal leaders
Born(1880-05-21)21 May 1880
Died28 November 1930(1930-11-28) (aged 50)
OccupationChief of Mahebo
ParentLuhe Rudao
A statue of Rudao at the Wushe Incident Memorial Park

He became famous for orchestrating the Musha incident in what is now Nantou County in 1930 against the Japanese authorities. He ended up committing suicide by shooting himself with a pistol during the revolt to prevent the Japanese from capturing him alive. His remains were found in a forest in 1933, and were taken to the Department of Archaeology of the Taihoku Imperial University (now called National Taiwan University) where they were exhibited as a warning to future rebels. The bones were "identified" by his daughter and not positively confirmed by DNA. After the arrival of the Kuomintang the bones were placed in a warehouse until 1974 when they were reburied near the Kawanakajima (Japanese: 川中島, modern-day Alan-Gluban (Chinese: 清流部落)) tribe at the Wushe Incident Memorial Park. The Taiwanese viewed him as a hero for carrying out a revolt and he is now one of the figures on New Taiwan Dollar coins.

In 2005 the Kuomintang displayed a massive photo of Mona Rudao at its headquarters in honor of the 60th anniversary of Taiwan Retrocession Day.[1]

Mona Rudao has been part of Taiwanese popular culture, appearing in books and manga. His character took the part of protagonist in the 2003 TV Drama Dana Sakura (風中緋櫻) and the 2011 Taiwanese film Warriors of the Rainbow: Seediq Bale.

Mona Rudao's daughter Mahung Mona became known as the "woman who washed her face with tears" because all members of her immediate family—including her parents, siblings, uncle Tado Mona, first husband Sapu Pawan, and their children—died as a result of the Wushe incident.[2]

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  1. ^ 記者舞賽台北報導 (2005-10-26). "國民黨紀念光復稱莫那魯道抗日英雄". 台灣立報 lih pao. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 2015-03-26.
  2. ^ Han Cheung (1 November 2020). "Taiwan in Time: The woman who washed her face with tears". Taipei Times. Archived from the original on 23 December 2021. Retrieved 1 November 2020.