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Molly Picon (Yiddish: מאָלי פּיקאָן‎; February 28, 1898[2] – April 5, 1992) was an American actress of stage, screen and television, as well as a lyricist and dramatic story-teller.[3]

Molly Picon
Mollie Picon[1]

(1898-02-28)February 28, 1898
DiedApril 5, 1992(1992-04-05) (aged 94)
Resting placeMount Hebron Cemetery, New York City
Years active1904–1984
Jacob Kalich
(m. 1919; died 1975)
Molly Picon's husband was Jacob Kalich, second from left, seen in 1921

She was first and foremost a star in Yiddish theatre and film, but in time, she turned to English-language productions.

Early lifeEdit

Picon was born in New York City, the daughter of Polish-Jewish emigrants: Clara (née Ostrow), a wardrobe mistress, and Louis Opiekun, a shirtmaker.[4] Opiekun is a Polish language name meaning "guardian" or "caretaker". Her surname was later changed to Picon. Her career began at the age of six years in the Yiddish Theatre. In 1912, she debuted at the Arch Street Theatre in Philadelphia and became a star of the Yiddish Theater District, performing in plays in the District for seven years.[5][6]


Picon was so popular in the 1920s that many shows had her adopted name, Molly, in their title. In 1931, she opened the Molly Picon Theatre.

She appeared in many films, starting with silent movies. Her earliest films were made in Europe; among the first was the Yiddish film East and West, made in Vienna in 1923, which is the earliest of her films that survives.[7][8] The film depicts a clash of New and Old World Jewish cultures. She plays a U.S.-born daughter who travels with her father back to Galicia in East Central Europe.[7] Her husband Jacob Kalich played one of her close relatives.[citation needed]

Picon as Mrs. Bronson, 1962.

Picon's most famous film, Yidl Mitn Fidl (1936), was made on location in Poland and shows her wearing male clothing through most of the film. In the film, a girl and her father are forced by poverty to set out on the road as traveling musicians. For her safety, she disguises herself as a boy, which becomes inconvenient when she falls in love with one of the other musicians in the troupe. Later Mamele was made in Poland.[9]

In 1934, Picon had a musical comedy radio show, the Molly Picon Program, on WMCA in New York City. In 1938, Picon starred in I Give You My Life on the same station. That program "combined music and dramatic episodes that purported to be the story of her life." Two years later, she starred in Molly Picon's Parade, a variety show (also on W.M.C.A.).[10]

Picon made her English language debut on stage in 1940. On Broadway, she starred in the Jerry Herman musical Milk and Honey in 1961. In 1966 she quit the disastrous Chu Chem during previews in Philadelphia; the show closed before reaching Broadway.

She had a bit part in the 1948 film The Naked City as the woman running a news-stand and soda fountain towards the climax of the film. Her first major Anglophonic role in the movies was in the film version of Come Blow Your Horn (1963), with Frank Sinatra. She portrayed Yente the Matchmaker in the 1971 film adaptation of the Broadway hit Fiddler on the Roof.

Molly played the role of Molly Gordon in an episode of CBS's Gomer Pyle, USMC and had a recurring role as Mrs. Bronson in the NBC police comedy Car 54, Where Are You?.

In the comedy For Pete's Sake (1974), she played a madam ("Mrs. Cherry") who arranges a disastrous stint for Barbra Streisand on a job as a call girl.[11] She later played a role on television on the soap opera Somerset and appeared in a couple of episodes of The Facts of Life as Natalie's grandmother. Her final roles were cameo appearances in the comedies Cannonball Run & Cannonball Run II as Roger Moore's mother.


Picon wrote a biography about her family called So Laugh a Little in 1962. Later, in 1980, she published an autobiography, Molly.



Picon died on April 6, 1992, aged 94, from Alzheimer's disease in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Yankel Kalich, her husband from 1919 until his death in 1975, died from cancer. They had no children. She and her husband are interred in the Yiddish Theater section of the Mount Hebron Cemetery in New York City.


Year Title Role Notes
1922 Look After Your Daughters
1923 East and West Mollie [14]
1936 Yiddle with His Fiddle Itke aka Judel
1937 Let's Make a Night of It Specialty Act Uncredited
1938 Mamele Khavtshi Samet aka Mamele [15]
1948 The Naked City Soda-Selling Shopkeeper Uncredited
1959 Startime Sarah Rabinowitz Episode: "The Jazz Singer", a TV production starring Jerry Lewis
1961-1963 Car 54, Where Are You? Mrs. Rachel Bronson 3 episodes
1963 Come Blow Your Horn Mrs. Sophie Baker
1971 Fiddler on the Roof Yente
1974 For Pete's Sake Mrs. Cherry
1979 That's Life
1981 The Cannonball Run Mom Goldfarb
1984 Cannonball Run II


  1. ^
  2. ^ Jewish Archived November 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Tucson Daily Citizen (Tucson, Arizona), August 29, 1952, p. 16
  4. ^ "Molly Picon Biography ((?)-1992)". Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Biographical Dictionary. North American Book Dist LLC. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  6. ^ Milton Plesur (1982). Jewish life in twentieth-century America: challenge and accommodation. Nelson-Hall. Retrieved March 10, 2013.
  7. ^ a b Shandler, Jeffrey (2014). Shtetl: A Vernacular Intellectual History. Rutgers, NJ: Rutgers University Press. p. 41.
  8. ^ "This Week in History: Award for Yiddish actress, Molly Picon, June 28, 1980". Jewish Women's Archive. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  9. ^ "Mamele (1938)". Retrieved July 24, 2017.
  10. ^ Sies, Luther F. (2014). Encyclopedia of American Radio, 1920-1960, 2nd Edition, Volume 1. McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-5149-4. Pp. 523, 337, 455.
  11. ^ For Pete's Sake on IMDb
  12. ^ "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame." The New York Times, March 3, 1981.
  13. ^ Deming, Mark. "Making Trouble: Three Generations of Funny Jewish Women". New York Times. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
  14. ^ "East and West" [film catalog entry]. National Center for Jewish Film. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  15. ^ Mamele on IMDb


  • Eth Clifford. Molly Picon – So Laugh a Little, Messner, 1962 (see [1]).
  • Lila Perl, Donna Ruff. Molly Picon: A Gift of Laughter, Jewish Publication Society, 1990, ISBN 0-8276-0336-3.

External linksEdit