Molala (Molele, Molalla) is the extinct and poorly attested Plateau Penutian language of the Molala people of Oregon and Washington. It is first attested along the Deschutes River, and later moved to the Molalla and Santiam rivers, and to the headwaters of the Umpqua and Rogue rivers. It was once thought to be close to Cayuse.
|Native to||United States|
|Region||Central Oregon and Washington|
with the death of Fred Yelkes (1885–1958)
There were three known dialects:
- Northern Molala, spoken in southern Oregon in the Cascade Range
- Upper Santiam Molala, spoken along the upper Santiam River in the Cascades in central Oregon.
- Southern Molala, spoken in southern Oregon in the Cascade Range
The phonology of the Molala language:
/i/ and /a/ can also shift to /ə/.
Molala is a verb-heavy polysynthetic language.
Molala nouns have seven cases:
- Molala at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015) (subscription required)
- Wurm, Stephen A.; Mühlhäusler, Peter; Tryon, Darrell T. (1996). Atlas of Languages of Intercultural Communication in the Pacific, Asia, and ... - Google Books. ISBN 9783110134179. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Berman, Howard (1996). International Journal of American Linguistics Vol. 62, No. 1. The University of Chicago Press. pp. 3–5.