Mokhtar Trifi

Mokhtar Trifi (Arabic: مختار الطريفي), born in 1950 in Hajeb El Ayoun near Kairouan, is a Tunisian lawyer. From 2000 to 2011, he chaired the Tunisian Human Rights League.[1]

Mokhtar Trifi
President of Tunisian Human Rights League, (2000–2011)
Personal details
Born1950
Hajeb El Ayoun (Tunisia)
NationalityTunisian
OccupationLawyer
ProfessionHuman right activist
politician

BiographyEdit

Education and activitiesEdit

Mokhtar Trifi was born in the rural municipality of Hajeb El Ayoun in 1950. He was from a wealthy farmer's family, so as a child he did not have to participate in farm work. Instead he and his brothers lived with their uncle to attend school.[2]

His grandfather, who was a vigorous nationalist, had to go underground to escape the La Main Rouge. Mokhtar followed his education and entered Kairouan High School . After graduating he began to study law at the Tunis campus. He participated in many student meetings, that led to his arrest in November 1973. After completing his military service, he could not resume his studies for he had been dismissed from all Tunisian universities because of its commitment to the General Union of Tunisian Students.[3] Mokhtar Trifi's professional career began in the field of journalism. In 1976, he was a freelancer in the daily Assabah which he returned in 1982 on the grounds of his serious activity. He then became the editor of the newspaper Le Maghreb and the weekly Al Mawkif but "the difficulties of publication made him move away from journalism".[4]

Mokhtar Trifi could, eventually, finish his studies and became a lawyer.[5] He thus led to defend trade unionists or opponents, left or Islamists, in the government of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali.[6]

Leaders of Tunisian League of Human RightsEdit

At the 5th Congress of the Tunisian League of Human Rights (LTDH), in October 2000 Mokhtar Trifi was elected president of the league. This was after twenty years of investment in this association. He wins against Fadhel Ghedamsi that the power in place hoped to see devoted.[7]

As president of the LTDH he is "led to denounce systematically trials and human rights violations".

In 2011, after the fall of Ben Ali, Trifi attended the inauguration of the place Mohamed-Bouazizi in Paris by the mayor of the city, Bertrand Delanoë. He criticized the position of France during the Tunisian revolution, recalling the state visit of Nicolas Sarkozy in 2008.[8]

At the Sixth Congress of the LTDH, 23 September 2011, Trifi did not stand, Abdessattar Ben Moussa was elected as the president.[9] Mokhtar Trifi became Honorary President of the LTDH.[10]

After 2011Edit

In 2013, Mokhtar Trifi was part of the defense group in charge of the Chokri Belaid case, the lawyer and Tunisian politician whose murder on 6 February of that year, caused a serious government crisis. He claimed that the Ministry of the Interior has concealed that the kind of weapon used for the assassination is only used by members of the national security.[11] After the resignation of the Ali Laarayedh Cabinet, Mokhtar Trifi was one of the candidates with Chawki Tabib, suggested by the Popular Front for the post of head of government On 22 January 2014, he became president of the office of the International Federation for Human Rights. [12][13]

On 26 November 2016 he was elected as the vice president of the World Organisation Against Torture, along with Dick Marty, who was also vice president, and Hina Jilani the new president succeeding Yves Berthelot.[14]

AwardsEdit

Mokhtar Trifi was among the Tunisian delegation who won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize.[15] Commander of the Order of the Republic (Tunisia);[16]

Second class of the Tunisian Order of Merit (2018),;[17]

Henri La Fontaine Award (2018).[18]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Mokhtar Trifi: "The newspaper accompanied the Tunisian opposition"
  2. ^ Souhayr Belhassen (15 February 2019). "Figure de la société civile tunisienne : Mokhtar Trifi ou les compromis sans compromission". leaders.com.tn (in French). Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  3. ^ "Mokhtar Trifi : le bonheur de remettre la Ligue des droits de l'Homme sur sa nouvelle orbite". leaders.com.tn (in French). 24 October 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  4. ^ Les avocats en Tunisie de la colonisation à la révolution (1883–2011)
  5. ^ Mr. Mokhtar Trifi
  6. ^ "Les 50 qui font la nouvelle Tunisie : Mokhtar Trifi, l'électron libre". jeuneafrique.com (in French). 9 May 2012. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  7. ^ Dominique Lagarde (20 November 2000). "Mokhtar Trifi : un avocat pour la défense des droits de l'homme en Tunisie". L'Express (in French). Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  8. ^ "La France ne doit pas être l'allié des régimes autoritaires". Le Point (in French). 30 June 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Abdessettar Ben Moussa, nouveau président de la Ligue tunisienne des droits de l'homme". leaders.com.tn (in French). 24 September 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  10. ^ Président 2018 – Mokhtar Trifi
  11. ^ "Assassinat de Chokri Belaïd : l'IRVA accuse le ministère de l'Intérieur de "dissimulation de preuves"". huffpostmaghreb.com (in French). 7 November 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2014.
  12. ^ "Ennahdha renonce aux amendements du réglement intérieur de l'ANC". leaders.com.tn (in French). 20 November 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014.
  13. ^ Figure of Tunisian civil society: Mokhtar Trifi or Compromises Without Compromise (Photos)
  14. ^ "Mokhtar Trifi élu vice-président de l'Organisation mondiale contre la torture". businessnews.com.tn (in French). 26 November 2016. Retrieved 28 November 2016.
  15. ^ Nobel peace prize 2015 goes to Tunisian civil society groups – live updates
  16. ^ "Décrets et arrêtés" (pdf) (in French). 18 December 2018. p. 4389. ISSN 0330-7921. Retrieved 7 January 2019.
  17. ^ "Béji Caïd Essebsi décore Khemaïes Chammari et Mokhtar Trifi". businessnews.com.tn (in French). 10 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Président 2018 – Mokhtar Trifi". fondation-hlf.mundaneum.org (in French). Retrieved 10 December 2018.