Mohammad Taher Vahid Qazvini

Mirza Mohammad Taher Vahid Qazvini (Persian: محمد طاهر وحید قزوینی; died 1700), was an Iranian bureaucrat, poet, and historian, who served as the grand vizier of two Safavid monarchs, Shah Suleiman (r. 1666–1694) and the latter's son Soltan Hoseyn (r. 1694–1722) from 1691 to 1699.

Mohammad Taher Vahid Qazvini
Folio of a poem by Mohammad Taher Vahid Qazvini
Grand vizier of Safavid Iran
In office
March 1691 – May 1699
MonarchsShah Suleiman (r. 1666–1694)
Soltan Hoseyn (r. 1694–1722)
Preceded byShaykh Ali Khan Zanganeh
Succeeded byMohammad Mo'men Khan Shamlu
Personal details
Bornc. 1621
Qazvin, Safavid Iran
Died1700 (aged c. 70)
Safavid Iran
  • Mirza Mohammad (father)
OccupationBureaucrat, poet, historian
Notable workAbbas-nama

He is also notable for writing the Abbas-nama, the principal Iranian source regarding the events during the reign of Shah Abbas II (r. 1642–1666).[1]



A native of Qazvin,[2] Taher Vahid was born around 1621.[a] He was of Persian Sayyid ancestry,[4] and belonged to a family that was notable for occupying the office of vaqa'i-nevis (court registar).[3] His father Mirza Mohammad had occupied the office under Shah Abbas I (r. 1588–1629),[5] and Taher Vahid would also later occupy it.[3]



Taher Vahid served as a chronicler during the reign of Shah Abbas II (r. 1642–1666),[6] composing the Abbas-nama, the principal Iranian source regarding the events during the reign of Shah Abbas II.[1]

In March 1691, Shah Suleiman (r. 1666–1694) appointed Taher Vahid as his vizier, following a one year and a half vacancy of the office. The previous grand vizier had been Shaykh Ali Khan Zanganeh.[3] After Taher Vahid's appointment, Shah Suleiman asked his opinion on the most pressing matters of the country, which Taher Vahid replied to by mentioning four serious problems that needed attention: the pay of the army of Iran, fiscal reform, unoccupied offices, and the renewal of trade. Shah Suleiman responded by increasing Taher Vahid's administrative authority to an unmatched level.[3]

Taher Vahid continued to serve as vizier under Shah Suleiman's son and successor, Soltan Hoseyn (r. 1694–1722).[7] Taher Vahid, as well to a lesser degree the court steward (nazer) Najafqoli Khan, were the main counselors of Soltan Hoseyn during his early reign.[8] In May 1699, Soltan Hoseyn dismissed Taher Vahid, supposedly due to the latter's old age. He replaced him with the eshik-aqasi-bashi Mohammad Mo'men Khan Shamlu, who, however, was also advanced in age.[9]

Taher Vahid died in 1700.[10]



Taher Vahid was also a poet, composing 35,000 verses in various genres.[11] He also known to have sent poems to the Mughal Empire, although they have not been published yet. Based on Taher Vahid's writings, the modern historian Sunil Sharma comments that "it is evident that his role in the intellectual and literary life of seventeenth-century Persianate circles was not at all insignificant."[12] Hamid Dabashi lists Taher Vahid amongst some of the leading Iranian poets of the Indian style who had never visited India, along with Shafi'i Mashhadi, Asir-e Esfahani and Shaukat Bukhari.[13] Taher Vahid is also known to have composed poetry in Azeri Turkish.[14]


  1. ^ According to the Iranologist Rudi Matthee, Taher Vahid was "about seventy" when he was appointed grand vizier in 1691.[3]


  1. ^ a b Moreen 2010.
  2. ^ Newman 2008, p. 95.
  3. ^ a b c d e Matthee 2011, p. 73.
  4. ^ Newman 2008, p. 105.
  5. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 285 (note 117).
  6. ^ Losensky 2021, p. 465.
  7. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 74.
  8. ^ Matthee 2015.
  9. ^ Matthee 2011, p. 204.
  10. ^ Sharma 2021, p. 319.
  11. ^ Losensky 2021, p. 451.
  12. ^ Sharma 2017, p. 189.
  13. ^ Dabashi 2012, p. 208.
  14. ^ Javadi & Burrill 1988, pp. 251–255.


  • Dabashi, Hamid (2012). The World of Persian Literary Humanism. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-06759-2.
  • Javadi, H.; Burrill, K. (1988). "Azerbaijan x. Azeri Turkish Literature". In Yarshater, Ehsan (ed.). Encyclopædia Iranica, Volume III/3: Azerbaijan IV–Bačča(-ye) Saqqā. London and New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul. pp. 251–255. ISBN 978-0-71009-115-4.
  • Losensky, Paul (2021). "Not all of the poets went to India: literary culture in Iran under Safavid rule". In Matthee, Rudi (ed.). The Safavid World. Routledge. pp. 447–468.
  • Matthee, Rudi (2011). Persia in Crisis: Safavid Decline and the Fall of Isfahan. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0857731814.
  • Matthee, Rudi; Floor, Willem; Clawson, Patrick (2013). The Monetary History of Iran: From the Safavids to the Qajars. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0857721723.
  • Matthee, Rudi (2015). "Solṭān Ḥosayn". Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  • Newman, Andrew J. (2008). Safavid Iran: Rebirth of a Persian Empire. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-0857716613.
  • Moreen, Vera B. (2010). "ʿAbbās-nāma". In Norman A. Stillman (ed.). Encyclopedia of Jews in the Islamic World. Brill Online.
  • Sharma, Sunil (2017). Mughal Arcadia: Persian Literature in an Indian Court. Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0674975859.
  • Sharma, Sunil (2021). "Local and Transregional Places in the Works of Safavid Men of Letters". In Melville, Charles (ed.). Safavid Persia in the Age of Empires: The Idea of Iran. Vol. 10. I.B. Tauris. pp. 309–330.
Government offices
Preceded by Vizier of the Safavid Empire
March 1691 – May 1699
Succeeded by