Haji Muhammad Mohaqiq (Dari: محمد محقق), born 26 July 1955 in Balkh, is a politician in Afghanistan, serving as a member of the Afghanistan Parliament. He is also the founder and chairman of the People's Islamic Unity Party of Afghanistan. During the 1980s, he served with the mujahideen rebel forces fighting against the Soviet-backed Afghan government. After the withdrawal of the Soviet Union in 1989, Mohaqiq was appointed as the leader of the Hezb-e Wahdat for northern Afghanistan.
Haji Muhammad Mohaqiq
حاجی محمد محقق
Haji Muhammad Mohaqiq in May 2010, sitting by the Afghanistan Parliament door during protest against invasion of Kuchis in Hazarajat
|Deputy Chief Executive of Afghanistan|
13 October 2014 – 24 January 2019
Serving with Mohammad Khan Rahmani
|Prime Minister||Abdullah Abdullah|
|Preceded by||Position established|
|Leader of PIUPA|
|Assumed office |
15 January 2006
|Preceded by||New Party|
|Born||1955 (age 63–64)|
Mazar-i-Sharif, Balkh, Afghanistan
|Political party||Hezbe Wahdat (1990–2006)|
PIUPA (since 2006)
Mohaqiq was born in 1955 and hails from Mazar-e-Sharif in Balkh Province. He is an ethnic Hazara, the son of Sarwar. He holds a bachelor's degree in Islamic studies from Iran. Mohaqiq speaks Persian, Uzbek and Arabic. He has been involved in Mujahideen activities after the April 1978 Saur Revolution.
During the Afghan civil war in the early 1990s, he was regarded as a prominent leader fighting for his Hazara people. In the late 1990s, Mohaqiq joined the Northern Alliance (United Front) in their resistance and struggle against the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (Taliban). After the fall of the Taliban, he was appointed as the Vice President and the Minister of Planning in the interim government of Hamid Karzai.
A January 2009 article by Ahmad Majidyar of the American Enterprise Institute included Mohaqiq on a list of fifteen possible candidates in the 2009 Afghan presidential election. In the end, however, Mohaqiq opted to support President Karzai against his main challenger Abdullah Abdullah in the election.
In 2010, Mohaqiq stopped supporting President Karzai because of Karzai's policy of appeasement towards the Taliban insurgents. In late 2011, Mohaqiq, Ahmad Zia Massoud and Abdul Rashid Dostum created the National Front of Afghanistan (also Afghanistan National Front, ANF).
Under the presidency of Mohammad Ashraf Ghani he served as second vice chief executive of the country.
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