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Mohammad Gharazi (Persian: محمد غرضی‎, also spelled Mohammad Qarazi) is an Iranian politician who served as minister of petroleum from 1981 to 1985 and minister of post from 1985 to 1997. He was also a member of the Iranian Parliament from 1980 to 1984 and also governor of Khuzestan Province. He was an independent candidate in the 2013 presidential election.

Mohammad Gharazi
Mohammad Gharazi registration at 2017 presidential election.jpg
Gharazi voting in Hosseiniyeh Ershad, 2017
Member of the City Council of Tehran
In office
29 April 1999 – 3 January 2000
Majority192,211 (13.69%)
Minister of Post, Telegraph and Telephone
In office
31 October 1985 – 15 August 1997
PresidentAli Khamenei
Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani
Prime MinisterMir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded byMorteza Nabavi
Succeeded byMohammad Reza Aref
Minister of Petroleum
In office
15 August 1981 – 31 October 1985
Acting: 5 November 1980 – 31 October 1985
PresidentMohammad-Ali Rajai
Ali Khamenei
Prime MinisterMohammad-Javad Bahonar
Mohammad-Reza Mahdavi Kani
Mir-Hossein Mousavi
Preceded byMohammad Javad Tondguyan
Succeeded byGholam Reza Aghazadeh
Member of the Parliament of Iran
In office
12 August 1981 – 15 August 1981
Preceded byAhmad Salamatian
Majority237,443 (77.5%)
Governor of Khuzestan Province
In office
2 January 1980 – July 1981
Preceded byAhmad Madani
Succeeded byMohammad-Hassan Tavallayi
Personal details
Born (1942-02-12) 12 February 1942 (age 77)
Isfahan, Iran
Political partyIndependent
Other political
Spouse(s)Razieh Salimi[2]
ResidencePasdaran, Tehran[3]
Alma materUniversity of Tehran

Early life and educationEdit

He was born on 12 February 1942 in Shahreza, Isfahan province.[4] He studied electronics the University of Tehran. He later moved to France but was back to his home country and was arrested by SAVAK in 1972.[5]


Gharazi began his political career in 1974 and was exiled to Iraq by Shah's government. In 1976, he joined the Mojahedin-e-Khalq Organization (MKO).[4] He accompanied Ruhollah Khomeini on his trip from Paris to Tehran.[5] Following the establishment of the Islamic Republic, Gharazi was appointed governor of Kurdistan Province and later Khuzestan Province.[6] He was elected as member of the Iranian Parliament in 1980 election.[4] He later was appointed minister of petroleum by the then Prime Minister Mir-Hossein Mousavi.[7] He held this post until 1985, when he became minister of post (currently Communication).[5] He resigned from office in 1997 after election of Mohammad Khatami.[4] He was also a member of City Council of Tehran from 1999 to 2000.

2013 presidential campaignEdit

Gharazi run for President of Iran as an independent in the 2013 election, having announced his candidacy on 8 May 2013. His candidacy was approved by Guardian Council.[8] He was the only independent candidate approved to run in the presidential election.[9] However, he was regarded as one of the dark horses in the election.[9] He won the sixth place in the election, receiving only 446,015 votes.

Electoral historyEdit

Year Election Votes % Rank Notes
1980 Parliament 306,145 77.5 1st Won
1999 City Council of Tehran 192,211 12.98 15th Won
2000 Parliament Lost
2013 President 446,015 1.22 6th Lost
2016 Assembly of Experts Disqualified
Parliament 24,150 0.74 68th Lost
2017 President Disqualified


  1. ^ Ervand Abrahamian (1989), Radical Islam: the Iranian Mojahedin, Society and culture in the modern Middle East, 3, I.B.Tauris, p. 131, ISBN 9781850430773
  2. ^ همسران نامزدها به چه کاری مشغولند؟ Iran Elect
  3. ^ "تمام اطلاعات خانوادگی کاندیداهای ریاست جمهوری یازدهم". Isna. 13 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b c d "Candidate Profile: Mohammad Qarazi". Asharq Alawsat. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
  5. ^ a b c "Mohammad Gharazi profile". PressTV. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
  6. ^ "Members of the Parliament (1980–1984)". Archived from the original on 7 March 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2008.
  7. ^ Ministers Archived 14 April 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ Mohammad Gharazi registered
  9. ^ a b Candidates profile Al Jazeera, 21 May 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Mohammad Javad Tondguyan
Minister of Petroleum
Succeeded by
Gholam Aghazadeh
Preceded by
Morteza Nabavi
Minister of Post
Succeeded by
Mohammad-Reza Aref