Khir Toyo

  (Redirected from Mohamed Khir bin Toyo)

Dr. Mohamad Khir Bin Toyo (born 6 August 1965) was the former Dato' Menteri Besar (Chief Minister) of the state of Selangor in Malaysia from 2000 to 2008.[1] His Barisan Nasional (BN) government was defeated in the 2008 general election, following which he served as the state's Opposition Leader until December 2010. He has been a member of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly since 1999, for the seat of Sungai Panjang. He faced charges of corruption after stepping down as Chief Minister, and was convicted of graft in the High Court on 23 December 2011.

Mohamad Khir Bin Toyo
Dr Khir Toyo.jpg
13th Chief Minister of Selangor
In office
18 August 2000 – 8 March 2008
Preceded byAbu Hassan Omar
Succeeded byAbdul Khalid Ibrahim
Opposition leader of Selangor
In office
8 March 2008 – December 2010
Preceded byTeng Chang Khim
Succeeded byMohamad Satim Diman
Personal details
Mohamad Khir bin Toyo

(1965-08-06) 6 August 1965 (age 54)
Tanjung Karang, Selangor, Malaysia
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
Spouse(s)1. Zahrah Kechik
2. Christine Zanitrah Abdullah
Alma materUniversity of Malaya
OccupationPolitician, dentist


A ethnic Malay of half Javanese and half native Malay descent, Khir was born on 6 August 1965, at Tali Air 2, Bt 4, Sungai Burung, Tanjung Karang, Selangor, the fifth child of a total of nine siblings. His father, Toyo @ Joyo bin Erodikromo, was an immigrant from Java, Indonesia while his mother, Siti Aminah binti Mohd Taib, is of Malay ethnicity.[2][3][4]

He married his first wife Zahrah Kechik in 1990, who was born at Matang Road, Taiping, Perak. They have 3 sons and 3 daughters.

Khir was married to his second wife Christine Tan @ Christine Zanitrah Zafeerah.[5]

Before entering politics, Khir was a dentist by profession.[6]


Khir was active in the youth wing of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), serving on its executive council. In 2000, at the age of 35, he became the Menteri Besar of Selangor at the insistence of Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, following the resignation of Abu Hassan Omar.[7] His appointment as Menteri Besar came in his first term as a member of the Selangor State Assembly, having been elected as the member for Sungai Panjang in the 1999 election. His young age led to allegations, which he denied, that he had dyed his hair grey to give voters the impression that he was older.[8]

Khir subsequently served as a member of UMNO's Supreme Council and Chairman of Selangor Barisan Nasional from 2000 to 2008. In 2004, Dr. Mohamad Khir won UMNO Supreme Council with the highest votes. Other positions that he holds in UMNO include the Chairman of the Selangor UMNO Communications Board and UMNO Division Head of Sungai Besar.

He was the Menteri Besar of Selangor until the 12th General Election in March 2008. The state of Selangor fell to opposition hands following its worst defeat in Malaysian history. He was succeeded by Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) secretary-general, Abdul Khalid Ibrahim. However, he remains the state assemblyman of Sungai Panjang constituency and became Selangor opposition chief. After the election, he ran for the leadership of UMNO Youth, but was defeated by Khairy Jamaluddin.[9] He resigned as the opposition leader in December 2010, after he was charged with corruption over allegations that while he was the Menteri Besar, he was sold a lavish mansion for less than its market value.[10][11]

Khir Toyo was finally sentenced to a jail term of 12 months for this act and his properties was ordered to be confiscated.[12]

Khir Toyo's award of 'Darjah Kebesaran Seri Paduka Mahkota Selangor (SPMS) Kelas Pertama' with the title Datuk Seri which was conferred on him on 2001 was revoked by the Sultan of Selangor on 30 September 2015 after his conviction of corrupt practices was upheld by the Federal Court.[13]

Controversies and criticismEdit

Zero Illegal Squatters MissionEdit

It was a mission set by Khir Toyo himself to make Selangor 'zero squatters'[14] in line with national policy Wawasan 2020. The opposition criticised Khir Toyo for approving housing project in squatters' area and forcing the residents to move out from their illegal homes. They claimed some of the village claim to be illegal homes had been built before independence in 1957 and most squatters living in a prime area are left homeless and received low compensation. The majority of the squatters are forced to rent or live in low-cost flats.[15]

However report show most of the land is under private owner. "The (squatters) are occupying other people's land. The land will never be theirs as they are private land. They want the land but I can't give it to them" – Dr. Khir Toyo[16]

Despite heavy criticism from opposition before this, the new Menteri Besar from opposition party, Tan Sri Abdul Khalid Ibrahim reported said the effort to reduce the number of squatters and to free them from the clutches of poverty, should continue.[17]

In 2007, The state government had achieved 93.6 per cent success in addressing the squatter problem, having evicted 44,701 of the 47,756 squatter families to-date from all the local council areas in the state. The remaining squatters to be moved by August are 1,090 families from the Selayang Municipal Council (MPS) and 257 families from the Klang Municipal Council (MPK), the media secretariat in the Menteri Besar's Office said in a statement. A total of 1,708 squatter families were shifted following court cases, resettled to the North Gombak Orang Asli settlement and planned villages, it said. However, four local authorities still had squatters. They are MPS (984), MPK (221), Shah Alam City Council (307) and Ampang Jaya Municipal Council (196).[18]

Bukit Cahaya ReserveEdit

Khir Toyo had been accused of corruption for approving a construction project which trespasses Bukit Cahaya Seri Alam in Shah Alam, a forest reserve.[1] However this land was approved before Khir took over power. To prove his innocence, Khir had asked Anti-Corruption Agency of Malaysia to investigate the incident.[2]. In 2004, Anti-Corruption Agency declared no case against Khir Toyo.

Selangor State Development CorporationEdit

On 30 October, the current State government of Selangor began investigations into irregularities by the Selangor State Development Corporation when it was run by Khir Toyo. A special investigative team which was set up for the purpose would probe how certain senior officers of the corporation were holding 30% shares in a subsidiary. This included an investigation of RM100,000 gift to former Mentri Besar as a bonus. In 2007, the state government only collected RM17mil revenue from sand mining instead of the RM170mil which it was supposed to get.[19][20]

Election resultsEdit

Selangor State Legislative Assembly: Sungai Panjang[21][22]
Year Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
1999 Khir Toyo (UMNO) 4,243 49.21% Mohd Fadzlin Taslimin (PAS) 4,078 47.30% 8,622 165 71.77%
2004 Khir Toyo (UMNO) 9,700 67.98% Saibini Ismail (PAS) 4,240 29.71% 14,269 5,460 79.04%
2008 Mohd Fadzlin Taslimin (PAS) 5,353 31.66% Khir Toyo (UMNO) 11,181 66.14% 16,906 5,828 82.47%

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Sejarah Menteri Besar : MANTAN DATO' MENTERI BESAR SELANGOR" (in Malay). Selangor: Laman Web Rasmi Kerajaan Negeri Selangor. 2008. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Bapa MB Selangor Meninggal Dunia". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Antara Pungut Sampah Dengan Mandi Darah". Archived from the original on 5 September 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Only Bangsa Malaysia can unite Malaysians to take on the world". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Khir Toyo Kahwin Buat Kali Kedua". (Gambar) (in Malay). Kaki Share. 31 August 2016. Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  6. ^ Wong Chun Wai (18 November 2002). "Dr Khir: MB with a point to prove". The Star. Star Publications. Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  7. ^ "MACC hauls up Khir Toyo over Mickey Mouse, Bali house". 15 September 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  8. ^ Kent, Jonathan (7 March 2004). "Malaysia politician denies dyed-on gravitas". BBC News. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  9. ^ Hong, Carolyn (26 March 2009). "Khairy is Umno Youth head". The Straits Times. Singapore Press Holdings. Archived from the original on 28 March 2009. Retrieved 7 December 2010.
  10. ^ "Top Malaysian politician charged with graft over mansion". asiaone. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  11. ^ "Khir Toyo drops Opposition leader post". Bernama. 6 December 2010. Archived from the original on 8 December 2010. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
  12. ^ "Khir Toyo gets 12 months, properties to be confiscated". The Borneo Post. 24 December 2011. Retrieved 29 August 2012.
  13. ^ Mazlinda Mahmood (23 October 2015). "Khir Toyo's datukship revoked". New Strait Times. Retrieved 23 October 2015.
  14. ^ "admin – Bitcoins und Ethereum –". Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 May 2007. Retrieved 10 June 2007.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 23 August 2009. Retrieved 15 September 2018.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  19. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 14 August 2009. Retrieved 14 August 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 August 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 7 December 2010. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  22. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.

External linksEdit

Political offices
Preceded by
Abu Hassan Haji Omar
Chief Minister of Selangor
Succeeded by
Abdul Khalid Ibrahim