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Portrait photograph of Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour.

Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour (Arabic: محمد الفاضل بن عاشور‎; October 16, 1909 – April 20, 1970) was a Tunisian theologian, writer, trade unionist, intellectual and patriot born in La Marsa.

Contents

BiographyEdit

Born October 16, 1909, in a family of Scholars, Magistrates and High Officials of the upper middle class of Tunisia, he began to learn the Quran and Arabic grammar from the age of three years. He also learns French language at the age of nine. He made his entry in 1922 in Zitouna where he is directly enrolled in second year. In 1928, he obtained the first diploma of Zitounian high school leaving, then called tatwi. In 1931, he enrolled at the Faculty of Letters of Algiers as a free auditor. He then rapidly gravitated to the various ranks of the Zitounian teachers: he succeeded in 1932 in the assistance of second-level teachers and, in 1935, in first-degree teachers at the University of Ez-Zitouna.[1]

A few years later, he became director of the Khaldounia, General manager of the Institute of Islamic Research, annexed to Khaldounia, then the first Dean of the Faculty of Religious Sciences of Tunis and finally member of the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo and of the Arab Academy of Damascus.[2]

 
Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour with king Faisal of Saudi Arabia (Tunis, 1975)

Grand Mufti of the Tunisian Republic, he was one of the religious who defended the provisions of the Code of Personal Status in Tunisia.[3]

HonoursEdit

PublicationsEdit

  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) The literary and intellectual movement in Tunisia (الحركة الأدبية والفكرية بتونس‎), ed. The Arab League, Cairo, 1956
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) The authors of Islamic thought in the Arab Maghreb (أعلام الفكر الإسلامي بالمغرب العربي‎), ed. Librairie Ennajah, Tunis, 1965
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) The Quranic exegesis and its authors (التفسير ورجاله‎), ed. Maison orientale des livres, Tunis, 1966
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) The foundations of literary Renaissance in Tunisia (أركان النهضة الأدبية بتونس‎), ed. Librairie Ennajah, Tunis, 1968
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) Biographies of illustrious men (تراجم الأعلام‎), ed. Maison tunisienne de l'édition, Tunis, 1970
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) Afaal's Book (كتاب أفعل‎), ed. Ben Abdallah, Tunis, 1972
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) Maghrebian conferences (المحاضرات المغربيات‎), ed. Maison tunisienne de l'édition, Tunis, 1974
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) The spirit of Islamic civilization (روح الحضارة الإسلامية‎), ed. Higher Institute of Islamic Sciences, Beirut, 1982
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) Thinking flashes (ومضات فكر‎), deux tomes, ed. Maison arabe du livre, Tunis, 1982
  • ‹See Tfd›(in Arabic) Conferences (محاضرات‎), éd. Centre de publications universitaires, Tunis, 1998

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Cheikh Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour, un homme aux multiples facettes".
  2. ^ "Cheikh Fadhel Ben Achour, un grand penseur doublé d'un homme d'action".
  3. ^ "Fadhel Ben Achour, icône de la tolérance religieuse".