Modruš

Modruš is a village, former bishopric and current Latin Catholic titular see in the mountainous part of Croatia, located south of its municipality's seat Josipdol (Karlovac County), on the easternmost slopes of Velika Kapela mountain, in northern Lika.

Part of present-day village with the ruins of Tržan castle in the background

The population was 169 in the census of 2011.[1]

HistoryEdit

One of the counties in the Kingdom of Croatia (in personal union with Hungary) was partially named Modruš-Rijeka County after the town.

From 1193 until 1553 Modruš and the large surrounding estate was owned by members of the Frankopan noble family, who were living in the Tržan castle above the medieval settlement.

Ecclesiastical historyEdit

Residential Bishops of ModrušEdit

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Modruš
  • Niccolò di Cattaro (October 1461 – ?)
  • Cristoforo da Ragusa (1480.05.29 – death 1498?99)
  • Giacomo Dragazio (12 April 1499 – death 1499.09.07)
  • Simone de Begno (1509.11.07 – death 1536.03)
  • Pierpaolo Vergerio (1536.05.05 – 1536.09.06), previously Apostolic Nuncio (papal ambassador) to Austria-Hungary (1533 – 1535); later Bishop of Koper (Capodistria, Slovenia) (1536.09.06 – retired 1549.07.03), died 1565
  • Ermolao Ermolai, Observant Franciscans (O.F.M. Obs.) (1536.11.06 – death 1537)
  • Giovanni Evangelista Brachi, Benedictine Order (O.S.B.) (1537.08.17 – death 1537?38)
  • Diego de Loaysa, Recollect Augustinians (O.A.R.) (1538.03.11 – resigned 1549)
  • Alberto Divini = Gliričić,, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1549.07.26 – 1550.03.19), next Bishop of Krk (Veglia, Croatia) (1550.03.19 – 1564) and Apostolic Administrator of Diocese of Skradin (1550.03.19 – death 1564)
  • Lorenzo Gherardi, O.P. (1550.06.20 – ?)
  • See administrated by Diocese of Veglia (Krk) (?-1560)
  • Dionigi Pieppi, O.P. (1560.07.17 – 156?)
  • Jovan Kosisić (mentioned in 1564)
  • See administrated by Diocese of Segna (Senj)
From 1630, due to the sees' personal union, see Diocese of Senj (Segna).

Titular seeEdit

The diocese was nominally restored in 2000 as Latin Titular bishopric of Modruš (Croatian = Curiate Italian) / Modrussa / Modrussen(sis) (Latin).

It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

Notable localsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Population by Age and Sex, by Settlements, 2011 Census: Modruš". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012.

Sources and external linksEdit

Bibliography - ecclesiastical history
  • Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, pp. 388–389, 399
  • Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, 1956, coll. 805-806
  • K. Draganovic, Croazia sacra, Rome 1943, pp. 197–198
  • 'Stato della diocesi a fine Ottocento' in Acta Sanctae Sedis, 9 (1876), pp. 292–293
  • Bulla 'Apostolici nostri', in Iuris pontificii de propaganda fide, vol. V, pp. 62–64
  • Bulla Coetu instante, on vatican.va.
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 208; vol. 2, p. 136; vol. 3, p. 247; vol. 4, p. 309

Coordinates: 45°07′N 15°14′E / 45.117°N 15.233°E / 45.117; 15.233