Mnichovo Hradiště (Czech pronunciation: [ˈmɲɪxovo ˈɦraɟɪʃcɛ]; German: Münchengrätz) is a town in Mladá Boleslav District in the Central Bohemian Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 8,900 inhabitants. The historic town centre is well preserved and is protected by law as an urban monument zone.
|Coordinates: 50°31′17″N 14°58′25″E / 50.52139°N 14.97361°E|
|• Mayor||Ondřej Lochman (STAN)|
|• Total||34.32 km2 (13.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Density||260/km2 (680/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
294 11, 294 13, 295 01
Villages of Dneboh, Dobrá Voda, Hněvousice, Hoškovice, Hradec, Kruhy, Lhotice, Olšina, Podolí, Sychrov and Veselá are administrative parts of Mnichovo Hradiště.
Mnichovo Hradiště is located about 12 kilometres (7 mi) north of Mladá Boleslav. It lies in the Jičín Uplands. The town is situated on the left bank of the Jizera River, which forms the western municipal border. The streams Veselka and Nedbalka, tributaries of the Jizera, flows through the town.
The first written mention of Mnichovo Hradiště is from 1279. It was founded by monks from the nearby Cistercian monastery in Klášter Hradiště nad Jizerou. The town was named the same as the monastery, Hradiště (meaning "gord"). From the 19th century, the town is called Mnichovo Hradiště ("Monk's Gord").
Until 1918, Münchengrätz – Mnichovo Hradiště was part of Austria-Hungary, in the district with the same name, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia.
In 2010 a factory producing cola-based drink Kofola was opened in Mnichovo Hradiště.
The D10 motorway runs next to the town.
The main landmark of the town is Mnichovo Hradiště Castle. The original Gothic fortress was rebuilt into a Renaissance residence in 1606 by Václav Budovec of Budov. In 1621, it was acquired by Albrecht von Wallenstein. His family, the Waldstein family, owned the castle until 1945. In 1945, it was confiscated by the state. Today the castle is still owned by the state and is open to the public. It is protected as a national cultural monument.
The castle is connected to the baroque complex of the Capuchin monastery from the 1690s, founded by the Waldsteins. The complex include the Church of the Holy Three Kings, the convent and the burial chapel of the Waldsteins. The remains of Albrecht von Wallenstein were moved from Jičín to the chapel in 1723.
- Leopold Kompert (1822–1886), Jewish writer
- Jan Šverma (1901–1944), journalist, communist activist, resistance fighter
- Jiří Tancibudek (1921–2004), Czech-Australian oboist
Twin towns – sister citiesEdit
Mnichovo Hradiště is twinned with:
- Chojnów, Poland
- Erzhausen, Germany
- Figline e Incisa Valdarno, Italy
- ^ "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2023". Czech Statistical Office. 2023-05-23.
- ^ "Historie Mnichova Hradiště" (in Czech). Město Mnichovo Hradiště. Retrieved 2021-05-29.
- ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm Klein, 1967
- ^ "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Mladá Boleslav" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 13–14.
- ^ "Population Census 2021: Population by sex". Public Database. Czech Statistical Office. 2021-03-27.
- ^ "History". Mnichovo Hradiště Castle. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
- ^ "Zámek Mnichovo Hradiště" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2023-03-03.
- ^ "Kapucínský klášter" (in Czech). National Heritage Institute. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
- ^ "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Mnichovo Hradiště. Retrieved 2019-08-25.