Mizra (Hebrew: מִזְרָע, lit. Sowing) is a kibbutz in northern Israel. Located between Afula and Nazareth, it falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 757.
|Founded by||European immigrants|
Kibbutz Mizra was established during Hanukkah in 1923 by the first immigrants of the Third Aliyah. It was founded on the lands of the Arab village of Rub al-Nasra, which were purchased from the Sursock family, a major absentee landowner of Lebanese origin. The inhabitants, approximately 40 families, were tenants and became dispossessed. The village was one of at least 20 Arab villages that disappeared in the early 20th century due to Jewish land purchases and settlement in the Jezreel Valley.
The following year the founders of the kibbutz were joined by a group which had formed in Haifa, and in the 1930s were joined by Galician Hashomer Hatzair members from Aliyah Bet. During the Mandate era, Mizra hosted the Palmach headquarters, until it was discovered by the British authorities in Operation Agatha of 1946. The kibbutz also has a museum portraying the history of the Yishuv.
The name Mizra can be found on maps from the Middle Ages, though its exact origin is unknown. There is one theory that it is derived from nearby Nahal Mizra, though some believe that is connected to Hovat Mizra, an ancient farm in the area.
Mizra is known in Israel for its meat processing plant and its store, Maadaney Mizra (Mizra delicatessen), which for many years was one of Israel's only providers of non-kosher meat, most notably pork. For the Israeli religious public, it was a symbol of impurity and a violation of the state's Jewish character. The Aliyah from the Commonwealth of Independent States in the 1990s brought Mizra competitors, and it eventually sold 75 percent of the plant to Tiv Ta'am, an Israeli supermarket chain that sells pork.
In 2007, Maadaney Mizra was threatened as Russian-Israeli billionaire Arcadi Gaydamak announced his plan to purchase Tiv Ta'am and turn it kosher, saying he would make Mizra supply chicken instead of pork. However, the deal fell through a few months later, when Gaydamak discovered a contract between Tiv Ta'am and Mizra, that prevented the chain from changing Mizra's character.
Today, in addition to the meat processing plant, Mizra employs a hydraulic machinery factory, and a factory for injecting metal powder. It also has a hotel and a room letting branch, for students of the nearby Max Stern Academic College of Emek Yezreel. In addition, the kibbutz also operates a center for alternative medicine, including Reiki, reflexology and Shiatsu.
- "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- List of villages sold by Sursocks and their partners to the Zionists since British occupation of Palestine, evidence to the Shaw Commission, 1930, p.1074, exhibit 71
- Mapa's concise gazetteer of Israel (in Hebrew). Yuval El'azari (ed.). Tel-Aviv: Mapa Publishing. 2005. p. 316. ISBN 965-7184-34-7.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Ashkenazi, Eli (2007-06-12). "Will Mizra still be able to bring home the bacon?". Haaretz. Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- Goldstein, Tani (2007-06-18). "Gaydamak, Tiv Ta'am deal falls through". Ynetnews. Retrieved 2008-07-16.
- "Mizra". The Galille settlement site (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-07-15.
- Messer, Ilana (2001-03-29). "Kibbutz Mizra". Ynet (in Hebrew). Retrieved 2008-07-15.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mizra.|
- Official website (in Hebrew)