Miyakonojō

(Redirected from Miyakonojo)

Miyakonojō (都城市, Miyakonojō-shi) is a city in Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. The city was founded on April 1, 1924. As of June 1, 2019, the city has an estimated population of 161,137, with 70,549 households and a population density of 247 per km2. The total area is 653.36 km2 making it the largest city in the prefecture in terms of area.

Miyakonojō
都城市
View of downtown Miyakonojo, from Miyakonojo Castle Ruin Park
View of downtown Miyakonojo, from Miyakonojo Castle Ruin Park
Flag of Miyakonojō
Official seal of Miyakonojō
Location of Miyakonojō in Miyazaki Prefecture
Miyakonojo in Miyazaki Prefecture Ja.svg
Miyakonojō is located in Japan
Miyakonojō
Miyakonojō
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 31°43′N 131°4′E / 31.717°N 131.067°E / 31.717; 131.067Coordinates: 31°43′N 131°4′E / 31.717°N 131.067°E / 31.717; 131.067
CountryJapan
RegionKyushu
PrefectureMiyazaki Prefecture
Government
 • MayorMakoto Nagamine
Area
 • Total653.36 km2 (252.26 sq mi)
Population
 (June 1, 2019)
 • Total161,137
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
City hall address6-21 Himegichō, Miyakonojō-shi, Miyazaki-ken
885-8555
ClimateCfa
Websitewww.city.miyakonojo.miyazaki.jp
Symbols
FlowerIris
TreeJapanese zelkova

HistoryEdit

Miyakonojō is known as the birthplace of the Shimazu Estate, the largest shōen (estate or manor) of medieval Japan. In the 1020s, a powerful official named Taira no Suemoto developed a small manor named Shimazu-in. Expanded substantially in the first half of the 12th century, it eventually covered large portions of Satsuma, Ōsumi and Hyūga Provinces. In 1185, Koremune no Tadahisa was appointed as jitō of the Shimazu Estate and thereafter claimed the clan name of Shimazu. It is said that one of Tadahisa's residences, called Iwayoshi Gosho, was located at Miyakonojō. Between the Muromachi period and Edo period, the Hōngō family, which was a branch family of the Shimazus, controlled the area. After the Boshin War, it became one of the cities to abolish the han system. In 1871, it became a prefecture for a year. On January 1, 2006, the towns of Takajō, Takazaki, Yamada and Yamanokuchi (all from Kitamorokata District) were merged into Miyakonojō.

GeographyEdit

ClimateEdit

Miyakonojō has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa), but is cooler than other cities in Miyazaki. The average temperature is 16.8 °C (62.2 °F), and it rains less than in Miyazaki City. The area's climate is influenced by its proximity to mountains.

Climate data for Miyakonojō (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1942−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
23.5
(74.3)
27.1
(80.8)
30.4
(86.7)
34.0
(93.2)
34.4
(93.9)
37.1
(98.8)
39.4
(102.9)
35.2
(95.4)
34.0
(93.2)
28.0
(82.4)
24.4
(75.9)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
13.7
(56.7)
16.9
(62.4)
21.6
(70.9)
25.5
(77.9)
27.1
(80.8)
31.4
(88.5)
32.1
(89.8)
29.3
(84.7)
24.8
(76.6)
19.5
(67.1)
14.2
(57.6)
22.4
(72.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.1
(43.0)
7.7
(45.9)
11.0
(51.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.8
(67.6)
22.7
(72.9)
26.7
(80.1)
27.0
(80.6)
24.2
(75.6)
19.1
(66.4)
13.5
(56.3)
8.1
(46.6)
16.8
(62.2)
Average low °C (°F) 0.9
(33.6)
2.3
(36.1)
5.7
(42.3)
10.2
(50.4)
14.9
(58.8)
19.3
(66.7)
23.2
(73.8)
23.4
(74.1)
20.4
(68.7)
14.4
(57.9)
8.4
(47.1)
2.8
(37.0)
12.2
(53.9)
Record low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−8.5
(16.7)
−5.9
(21.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
2.3
(36.1)
9.1
(48.4)
15.0
(59.0)
14.4
(57.9)
6.3
(43.3)
−0.8
(30.6)
−4.8
(23.4)
−7.8
(18.0)
−9.8
(14.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 66.1
(2.60)
106.2
(4.18)
163.3
(6.43)
184.3
(7.26)
207.8
(8.18)
559.7
(22.04)
447.0
(17.60)
320.9
(12.63)
314.2
(12.37)
131.6
(5.18)
94.0
(3.70)
74.6
(2.94)
2,694.2
(106.07)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 6.6 8.1 11.5 10.1 9.9 16.4 13.2 12.7 12.5 7.6 7.5 5.9 122
Average relative humidity (%) 71 70 70 70 73 82 80 79 79 75 76 73 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 167.2 155.2 169.4 173.9 169.2 103.1 168.2 183.6 149.1 172.4 158.5 164.8 1,934.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[1][2]

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

Miyazaki Prefecture

Kagoshima Prefecture

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data, the population of Miyakonojō in 2020 is 160,640 people.[3] Miyakonojō has been conducting censuses since 1920.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 104,733—    
1925 115,475+10.3%
1930 127,302+10.2%
1935 132,880+4.4%
1940 132,166−0.5%
1945 165,910+25.5%
1950 172,668+4.1%
YearPop.±%
1955 179,587+4.0%
1960 175,708−2.2%
1965 166,237−5.4%
1970 157,589−5.2%
1975 159,621+1.3%
1980 172,655+8.2%
1985 175,728+1.8%
YearPop.±%
1990 172,593−1.8%
1995 174,054+0.8%
2000 171,812−1.3%
2005 170,955−0.5%
2010 169,633−0.8%
2015 165,029−2.7%
2020 160,640−2.7%
Miyakonojō population statistics[3]

IndustryEdit

Many of Miyakonojō's citizens work as farmers. They produce gobō, meat, and bell peppers. Miyakonojō is also home to some agriculture-related manufacturing.

Miyakonojō is also famous for producing traditional Japanese archery bows from the abundant bamboo in the area.[4]

 
Miyakonojō City Office

EducationEdit

SchoolsEdit

Miyakonojō has 35 elementary schools and 19 junior high schools.

Notable residentsEdit

Current issuesEdit

Miyakonojō is experiencing a declining population. Several other cities in Miyazaki Prefecture are also facing this problem. Many schools are scheduled to close due to the declining population, which has resulted in fewer children.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  2. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved May 17, 2022.
  3. ^ a b Miyakonojō population statistics
  4. ^ Miyakonojo daikyu (archery bows), Japan National Tourist Organization.
  5. ^ Oldest man marks 112th birthday, BBC News, 18 September 2007.

External linksEdit