Mitsubishi 3G8 engine

The Mitsubishi 3G8 engine is a range of three-cylinder powerplant from Mitsubishi Motors, introduced in the fifth generation of their Mitsubishi Minica kei car. In common with other contemporary engines in the class, it could be specified with many advanced technologies despite its diminutive size, including multi-valve cylinder heads and double overhead camshafts. The top-of-the-line Dangan ZZ variant was also the first kei car to benefit from turbocharging. In 1987 Mitsubishi was the first manufacturer to supercharge a kei vehicle, and in 1989 became the world's first production car to feature five valves per cylinder, ahead of similar developments by Bugatti, Audi, Ferrari and Toyota.[1][2]

Mitsubishi 3G8 engine
3G83.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerMitsubishi Motors
Production1987–present
Layout
ConfigurationStraight-3
Displacement548 cc (33.4 cu in)
657 cc (40.1 cu in)
796 cc (48.6 cu in)
1,061 cc (64.7 cu in)
Cylinder bore
  • 62.3 mm (2.45 in)
  • 65 mm (2.56 in)
Piston stroke
  • 60 mm (2.36 in)
  • 66 mm (2.60 in)
  • 80 mm (3.15 in)
Block materialCast iron
ValvetrainSOHC, DOHC
Compression ratio8.5:1, 9.8:1, 10.0:1
Combustion
SuperchargerAvailable 1987–1990
Turbochargerwith air-to-air intercooler (on 1989-1990 models)
Fuel systemCarburetor
Electronic fuel injection
Fuel typeGasoline
Cooling systemWater cooled
Output
Power output22–47 kW (30–64 PS; 30–63 hp)
Torque output41–96 N⋅m (30–71 lb⋅ft)

Its 3G81 three-cylinder engine has a displacement of 548 cc (33.4 cu in) and the 15-valve versions feature three intake valves and two exhaust valves incorporated into each cylinder. The valves are controlled by twin overhead camshafts through roller cam followers on finger rockers with hydraulic automatic lash adjusters. Gasoline is electronically injected through triple-jet nozzles (also a technological first). The water-cooled turbocharger operates through an air-to-air intercooler. The ignition timing advance is also controlled electronically, and a knock-sensing system is included.[1]

Originally a 548 cc (33.4 cu in) engine, it was enlarged to 657 cc (40.1 cu in) in 1990 following changes in the class regulations. The four-cylinder 4A3 engine is derived from the 3G8, sharing a 72 mm (2.8 in) bore pitch.[3]

3G81Edit

 
The turbocharged 3G81 in a fifth generation Minica (H14V)

Engine dimensions — 548 cc (33.4 cu in) inline three-cylinder
Bore — 62.3 mm (2.45 in)
Stroke — 60.0 mm (2.36 in)
Fuel type — Unleaded regular gasoline

Versions

Valvetrain Fuel feed Comp. Power (JIS net) Torque Fitment Notes
PS kW at rpm kgm Nm lbft at rpm
SOHC 6-valve Single-barrel, downdraught
carburetor
9.8:1 30 22 6,500 4.2 41 30 3,000 Mitsubishi Minica Econo H14V/15V (87.01–88.12)
Mitsubishi Minica H21V/26V (89.01–90.02)
Commercial vehicle emissions standards
Single-barrel, sidedraught
variable venturi carburetor
30 22 5,500 4.4 43 32 4,000 Mitsubishi Minicab U14T/V, U15T/V (87.06–90.02)
Mitsubishi Bravo U14V/15V (89.02–90.02)
Double-barrel, downdraught
carburetor
32 24 6,500 4.3 42 31 4,000 Mitsubishi Minica H14A/15A (87.01–88.12)
Mitsubishi Minica H21A/26A (89.01–90.02)
Single-barrel, sidedraught
variable venturi carburetor,
Supercharger
8.5:1 46 34 6,000 6.0 59 43 4,000 Mitsubishi Minicab U14T/V, U15T/V (87.06–91.02)
Mitsubishi Bravo U14V/15V (89.02–91.02)
Single-barrel, downdraught
carburetor, turbocharger
50 37 6,500 6.7 66 48 3,500 Mitsubishi Minica/Econo H14A/V (87.01–88.12)
DOHC 15-valve Double-barrel, downdraught carburetor 10.0:1 38 28 7,000 4.4 43 32 4,500 Mitsubishi Minica H21/26 (89.08–90.02)
EFI 46 34 7,500 4.7 46 34 5,500
EFI, turbocharger, IC 8.5:1 64 47 7,500 7.6 75 55 4,500 Mitsubishi Minica Dangan ZZ H21/26 (89.01–90.08)

3G82Edit

Displacement — 796 cc (48.6 cu in)
Bore — 65 mm (2.56 in)
Stroke — 80 mm (3.15 in)
Engine type — Inline three-cylinder SOHC 6 valves
Power — 33 kW (45 PS; 44 hp) at unknown rpm

This was built only for the Taiwanese market Mitsubishi Towny (Minica) and Minicab 800, from 01.87 - 11.88. Most specifications are unknown.

3G83Edit

Displacement — 657 cc (40.1 cu in)
Bore — 65 mm (2.56 in)
Stroke — 66 mm (2.6 in)
Fuel type — Unleaded regular gasoline

Double carb (1990)Edit

  • Engine type — Inline three-cylinder SOHC
  • Power — 29 kW (39 PS; 39 hp) at 6000 rpm
  • Torque — 51 N⋅m (38 lb⋅ft) at 4000 rpm
  • Fuel system — two-barrel down-draft carburettor
  • Compression ratio — 9.8:1

DOHC (1990)Edit

  • Engine type — Inline three-cylinder DOHC
  • Compression ratio — 9.8:4
  • Fuel system — ECI multiple
  • Power — 38 kW (52 PS; 51 hp) at 7500 rpm
  • Torque — 56 N⋅m (41 lb⋅ft) at 5700 rpm

Turbo (1990)Edit

  • Engine type — Inline three-cylinder DOHC 15-valve intercooled turbo
  • Compression ratio — 8.5:1
  • Fuel system — ECI multiple
  • Power — 47 kW (64 PS; 63 hp) at 7,500 rpm
  • Torque — 96 N⋅m (71 lb⋅ft) at 4,500 rpm

4G82Edit

Displacement — 1,061 cc (64.7 cu in)
Bore — 65 mm (2.56 in)
Stroke — 80 mm (3.15 in)
Engine type — Inline four-cylinder SOHC
Power — 43 kW (58 PS; 58 hp) JIS at 5,500 rpm
Torque — 9.1 kg⋅m (89 N⋅m; 66 lb⋅ft) at 3,500 rpm[4]

Of the same dimensions as the 3G82 but with a fourth cylinder, this was built in Taiwan by CMC (China Motor Corporation). Used in the Mitsubishi Varica (LWB version of fourth generation Mitsubishi Minicab).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "A baby that sprints: tiny Mitsubishi engine blasts off with five valves". Ward's Auto World (April 1989).
  2. ^ Knowling, Michael (2005-10-19). "Mighty Minica ZZ-4". AutoSpeed. Web Publications Pty Limited. Archived from the original on 2012-12-30.
  3. ^ "軽自動車用の4気筒エンジン" [Kei four-cylinder engines]. a-design-for-life (in Japanese). 2014-09-27. Archived from the original on 2019-07-08.
  4. ^ Mitsubishi Varica New Tone 1100 (catalog). Old Car Manual Project. 1991. Retrieved 2010-10-12.