Mission is a city in Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. The population was 77,058 at the 2010 census and an estimated 83,563 in 2016. Mission is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.
Location of Mission, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Dr. Armando O'Caña |
Jessica Ortega Ochoa
Norie Gonzalez Garza
|• City Manager||Martin Garza, Jr.|
|• Total||34.1 sq mi (88.2 km2)|
|• Land||34.0 sq mi (88.0 km2)|
|• Water||0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)|
|Elevation||141 ft (43 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||2,458/sq mi (949.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1341738|
Mission is in southern Hidalgo County at  It is bordered to the east by McAllen, the largest city in the county, to the north by Palmhurst, to the west by Palmview, and to the south by the Mexico–United States border along the Rio Grande.(26.211402, -98.321277).
The Interstate 2/U.S. Route 83 freeway passes through Mission, south of the center of town. The highway leads east 5 miles (8 km) to downtown McAllen and 41 miles (66 km) to Harlingen. Interstate 2 ends 7 miles (11 km) west of Mission; US 83 leads west 34 miles (55 km) to Rio Grande City.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Mission has a total area of 34.1 square miles (88.2 km2), of which 34.0 square miles (88.0 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.20%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 45,408 people, 13,766 households, and 11,384 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,881.9 people per square mile (726.6/km²). There were 17,723 housing units at an average density of 734.5 per square mile (283.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.63% White, 0.37% African American, 0.38% Native American, 1.63% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 18.64% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 81.03% of the population.
There were 13,766 households out of which 43.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.3% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.29 and the average family size was 3.68.
In the city, the population was spread out with 32.1% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 17.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,647, and the median income for a family was $33,465. Males had a median income of $25,710 versus $20,718 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,796. About 22.6% of families and 26.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 37.4% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
The city has been advertised as the "Home of the Ruby Red Grapefruit" since 1921, due to the fruit being commonly grown in the area. The city is also home to the Texas Citrus Exchange. The city holds the annual Texas Citrus Fiesta Parade along Conway Avenue, which features fruit-decorated floats, bands, law enforcement agencies, and fire departments, and many local and city government officials.
Moore Air Force Base (deactivated) is located 15 miles (24 km) north of the city. It is the location of the First Lift Station of the Mission Canal Company that once irrigated 15,000 acres (61 km2) of farmland in the Rio Grande Valley.
- Fortunato Benavides, judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, born in Mission
- Lloyd Bentsen, former U.S. senator and vice-presidential nominee, born in Mission in 1921
- William Jennings Bryan, presidential candidate and former Secretary of State, lived for a time in Mission
- William S. Burroughs, writer of Naked Lunch, lived in Mission for a short while and wrote about it in Junkie
- Jorge Cantu, MLB player from Sharyland High School, who played for Tampa Bay Rays, Cincinnati Reds, Florida Marlins, Texas Rangers, San Diego Padres, and now playing for Colorado Rockies
- Koy Detmer, brother of Heisman Trophy winner Ty Detmer, played for and carried the Mission Eagles football team to the semi-finals in Texas 5A football under the leadership of his father, Sonny Detmer
- Jaime Garcia, professional MLB player from Sharyland High School playing with 2011 World Series champions St. Louis Cardinals
- Kika de la Garza, former U.S. representative
- Lena Guerrero, the first woman and first ethnic minority person to serve on the regulatory Texas Railroad Commission
- Joe M. Kilgore, former U.S. representative, reared partly in Mission
- Tom Landry, Hall of Fame coach of the Dallas Cowboys, born and raised, played for Mission High School
- Tito Santana (aka Merced Solis), former World Wrestling Federation (now WWE) star
- Trinidad Silva, actor
- Jamaar Taylor, attended Mission High School and played football, later being drafted by the New York Giants. After his retirement he helped coach at Mission Veterans Memorial High School for a brief period.
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
Most of Mission is a part of the Mission Consolidated Independent School District. Other portions extend into the La Joya Independent School District and the Sharyland Independent School District.
Mission CISD operates Mission High School and Veterans Memorial High School. Sharyland ISD Mission is divided between Sharyland High School and Sharyland Pioneer High School. LJISD Mission is zoned to Palmview High School.
In addition, South Texas Independent School District operates magnet schools that serve the community.
Mission is also the site of San Juan Diego Academy, a Catholic high school operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Brownsville.
The library originated in March 1914, when the Civic League of Mission was formed to maintain a park and form a library. The first library board included officers from the civic league. In 1929 the city of Mission passed an ordinance making the library a part of the city government. In 1930 the library was in a room in the First National Bank. At a later time it moved to the Mission City Hall. From the early 1930s until 1947 the city library shared facilities with the school library. By 1960 it outgrew the building it had occupied. In 1976 Juanita Speer Farley donated the deed to her property to the city. A new library, designed by Warren Suter, an architect from Mission, was constructed in 1976 and 1977. The official completion date of the 14,000 square feet (1,300 m2) library was June 1, 1977. An addition in 1988 increased the library's square footage to 18,660 square feet (1,734 m2). An additional expansion of 30,100 square feet (2,800 m2), designed by architect TAG International, L.L.P. and constructed by Velasco Construction, was scheduled to be completed in March 2005, and the renovation of the older portions of the library was scheduled to begin afterwards.
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- "History of Mission". City of Mission.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Mission city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 16, 2018.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 12, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Community Facts". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- "Post Office Location - MISSION Archived 2010-05-16 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- Hennessy-Fiske, Molly (February 8, 2019). "A border fence could seal off this tiny Texas chapel, but its worshipers aren't giving up". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
- "Home of the Grapefruit (Mission slogan)".
- "Aldine thrashes mission 54-21 despite Detmer's 364 yards". Austin American Statesman. ProQuest. 9 December 1990. Retrieved 26 January 2017.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on August 2, 2018.
- "Mission CISD School Zones." Mission Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved on August 2, 2018. See HTML version. Junior high boundaries are determined by the elementary school zoning, with some optional exceptions, while high school boundaries are described by text.
- Attendance boundary map. Sharyland Independent School District. Retrieved on August 2, 2018. See also simplified map which also has a chart stating which elementary schools feed into which secondary schools.
- "High School Zones 2017-2018." La Joya Independent School District. Retrieved on September 16, 2018.
- "Welcome to the Speer Memorial Library." City of Mission. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "About the Library." Speer Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Homepage". www.oem.com.mx. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
- "As part of Mission's Cinco De Mayo celebrations, the City of Mission held a special event signing with its newest Sister City of General Terán, Nuevo León, Mexico. - City of Mission". missiontexas.us. Retrieved 18 March 2018.
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