Misha Mengelberg (5 June 1935 – 3 March 2017) was a Dutch jazz pianist and composer. A prominent figure in post-WWII European Jazz, Mengelberg is known for his forays into free improvisation, for bringing humor into his music, and as a leading interpreter of songs by fellow pianists Thelonious Monk and Herbie Nichols.
|Birth name||Misja Mengelberg|
|Born||5 June 1935|
Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, USSR
|Died||3 March 2017 (aged 81)|
|Genres||Jazz, Avant-garde jazz, European free jazz, free improvisation|
|Labels||FMP/Free Music Production|
Mengelberg was born in Kiev, Ukrainian SSR, the son of the Dutch conductor Karel Mengelberg [nl] (born Karel Willem Joseph Mengelberg; 18 July 1902, Utrecht – 11 July 1984, Amsterdam) and grand-nephew of conductor Willem Mengelberg. Karel Mengelberg was a Dutch composer and conductor, who worked in Berlin, Barcelona, Kiev and Amsterdam. A notable work of his was 'Catalunya Renaixent', written for the Banda Municipal of Barcelona in 1934.
Misha's family moved back to the Netherlands in the late 1930s and he began learning the piano at age five. Mengelberg briefly studied architecture before entering the Royal Conservatory in The Hague, where he studied music from 1958-64. While there he won the first prize at a jazz festival in Loosdrecht and became associated with Fluxus. His early influences included Thelonious Monk, Duke Ellington and John Cage, whom he heard lecture at Darmstadt.
Mengelberg won the Gaudeamus International Composers Award in 1961. Among his first recordings was one of Eric Dolphy's last, Last Date (1964). Also on that record was the drummer Han Bennink, and the two of them, together with saxophonist Piet Noordijk, formed a quartet which had a number of different bassists, and which played at the Newport Jazz Festival in 1966. In 1967 he co-founded the Instant Composers Pool, an organisation which promoted avant garde Dutch jazz performances and recordings, with Bennink and Willem Breuker. He was co-founder of STEIM in Amsterdam in 1969.
Mengelberg played with a large variety of musicians. He often performed in a duo with fellow Dutchman Bennink, with other collaborators including Derek Bailey, Peter Brötzmann, Evan Parker, Anthony Braxton, and (on the flip side of a live recording with Dolphy) his pet parrot. He was also one of the earliest exponents of the work of the once-neglected pianist Herbie Nichols.
He also wrote music for others to perform (generally leaving some room for improvisation) and oversaw a number of music theatre productions, which usually included a large element of absurdist humour. A 2006 DVD release, Afijn (ICP/Data), is a primer on Mengelberg's life and work, containing an 80-minute documentary and additional concert footage.
Mengelberg died in Amsterdam on 3 March 2017, aged 81, from undisclosed causes.
- 1979: Pech Onderweg (BV Haast)
- 1982: Musica Per 17 Instrumenti / 3 Intermezzi /Omtrent Een Componistenactie Composer's Voice
- 1994: Impromptus (FMP)
- 1997: Misha Mengelberg (I Dischi Di Angelica)
- 1997: The Root Of The Problem (hatOLOGY)
- 1999: Two Days In Chicago (hatOLOGY)
- 2000: Solo (Buzz)
- 2005: Senne Sing Song (Tzadik)
- 1978: Groupcomposing (Instant Composers Pool), with Peter Brötzmann, Evan Parker, Peter Bennink, Paul Rutherford, Derek Bailey, and Han Bennink
- 1978: Fragments (Instant Composers Pool), with John Tchicai, Han Bennink, and Derek Bailey
- 1985: Change of Season (Music of Herbie Nichols) (Soul Note), with Steve Lacy, George E. Lewis, Arjen Gorter, and Han Bennink
- 1985: On Escalation / 3 Pianopieces / Dialogue / Summer (Attacca), with Peter Schat, Jan Van Vlijmen, and Otto Ketting
- 1991: Dutch Masters (Soul Note), with Steve Lacy, George Lewis, Ernst Reijseger, and Han Bennink
- 1994: Who's Bridge (Avant), with Misha Mengelberg Trio (Brad Jones, Joey Baron)
- 1997: Live In Holland '97 (X-OR), with Mats Gustafsson and Gert-Jan Prins
- 1998: No Idea (DIW), with Misha Mengelberg Trio (Greg Cohen, Joey Baron)
- 2001: Four in One (Songlines), with Misha Mengelberg Quartet (Dave Douglas, Brad Jones, Han Bennink)
- 2009: Mill (Conundrom), with Cor Fuhler and Michiel Scheen
- 2011: It Won't Be Called Broken Chair (Psi), with Evan Parker
- 2013: Lucebert / Jazz & Poetry '65 (Uitgeverij Huis Clos), with Misha Mengelberg / Piet Noordijk Kwartet (Han Bennink, Rob Langereis)
- 2014: Nunc! (Nemu), with Dirk Bell, Ryan Carniaux, Gerd Dudek, Joscha Oetz, and Nils Tegen
With Eric Dolphy
- 1964: Last Date (Fontana), live including with Jacques Schols and Han Bennink
- 1974: Playing: Epistrophy, 1 June 1964 In Eindhoven, Holland (Instant Composers Pool), including Schols and Bennink
With Han Bennink
- 1968: Instant Composers Pool (Instant Composers Pool), including with John Tchicai
- 1971: Instant Composers Pool 010 (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1972: Een Mirakelse Tocht Door Het Scharrebroekse no. 1-6 (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1974: EinePartieTischtennis (FMP, Instant Composers Pool), live
- 1975: Coincidents (Stichting ICP Geluidsdragers, Instant Composers Pool)
- 1978: Midwoud 77 (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1979: A European Proposal (Live in Cremona) (Horo), including with Paul Rutherford and Mario Schiano
- 1982: Bennink Mengelberg (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1994: Mix (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1996: The Instant Composers Pool 30 Years (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1998: MiHa (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2004: Senne Sing Song (Tzadik)
With Louis Andriessen
- 1969: Reconstructie (STEIM), including with Hugo Claus, Reinbert de Leeuw, Harry Mulisch, Peter Schat and Jan van Vlijmen
With ICP Orchestra
- 1979: Live in Soncino (Instant Composers Pool, AD LIB)
- 1982: Japan Japon (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1984: Extension Red, White & Blue (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1987: Two Programs: Performs Herbie Nichols and Thelonious Monk (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1990: Bospaadje Konijnehol I (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1991: Bospaadje Konijnehol II (Instant Composers Pool)
- 1999: Jubilee Varia (hatOLOGY)
- 2001: Oh, My Dog (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2004: Aan & Uit (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2006: Weer Is Een Dag Voorbij (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2009: Live at the Bimhuis (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2010: !ICP! 50 (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2010: ICP Orchestra (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2014: East of the Sun (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2015: Misha Enzovoort (Instant Composers Pool)
- 2016: Restless in Pieces (Instant Composers Pool)
- With Anthony Braxton
- Anthony Braxton's Charlie Parker Project 1993 (HatART, 1993 )
With Peter Brötzmann
- 1979: 3 Points and a Mountain (FMP), including with Han Bennink
With Dudu Pukwana
- 1979: Yi Yole (Instant Composers Pool), including with Han Bennink
With Keshavan Maslak
- 1980: Humanplexity (Leo), including with Han Bennink
With Roswell Rudd
With Pino Minafra
- 1987: Tropic of the Mounted Sea Chicken (Splasc(H)), including with Michele Lomuto, Han Bennink, and Unknown Artist
With Franz Koglmann
- 1991: L'Heure Bleue (HatART)
With Steve Lacy
- 1996: Five Facings (FMP), including with Marilyn Crispell, Ulrich Gumpert, Fred Van Hove, Vladimir Miller
With Yuri Honing
- 1998: Playing (Jazz in Motion)
- 2000: Lively (Buzz), including with Ernst Reijseger
With Paul Termos
- 2003: Termos Sessions Volume I (X-OR, Bimhuis)
With Benjamin Herman
- 2004: Heterogenity (X-OR, Bimhuis), featuring Bert Joris
With Alessandra Patrucco
With Frank Gratkowski
- 2006: Frank Gratkowski Vis-à-vis Misha Mengelberg (Leo)
- 2009: Sliptong (Wig 16) 2009, 
- Berlin Contemporary Jazz Orchestra (ECM, 1990)
- "Misha Mengelberg, Bold and Spirited Jazz Pianist, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 14 March 2017.
- Feather, Leonard & Gitler, Ira (2007) The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz, p. 459. Oxford University Press.
- on YouTube
- Karel Mengelberg profile Archived 30 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine, donemus.nl; accessed 3 April 2017.
- The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians
- Layne, Joslyn. "Misha Mengelberg: Biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 30 January 2011.
- "Jazzmuzikant Misha Mengelberg overleden", Parool.nl, 3 March 2017 (in Dutch)
- "Four in One – Misha Mengelberg Quartet". AllMusic.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- "Misha Mengelberg profile". Discography. Discogs.com. Retrieved 30 March 2016.