Miroslava (actress)

Miroslava Šternová (February 26, 1925 – March 9, 1955), better known as Miroslava, was a Czechoslovak-born Mexican film actress who appeared in thirty two films.[1]

Miroslava
Miroslava Stern.jpg
Miroslava in c. 1947
Born
Miroslava Šternová

(1925-02-26)February 26, 1925
DiedMarch 9, 1955(1955-03-09) (aged 30)
Resting placePanteón Francés de San Joaquín, Mexico City, Mexico
NationalityCzechoslovakia
Other namesMiroslava Stern
Spouse(s)Jesús Jaime Obregón

BiographyEdit

 
Miroslava in 1947

Born Miroslava Šternová in Prague, Czechoslovakia, Miroslava moved to Mexico as a child with her mother and adoptive Jewish father in 1941, seeking to escape war in their native country.[2] After winning a national beauty contest, Miroslava began to study acting. She worked steadily in films produced in Mexico, from 1946 to 1955, as well as three Hollywood films during that period.

Miroslava filmed Ensayo de un crimen (Rehearsal for a Crime) in 1955, directed by Luis Buñuel. On March 9 of that year, soon after filming ended (the film was released in May), Miroslava committed suicide by overdosing on sleeping pills.[3] Her body was found lying outstretched over her bed, she had a portrait of bullfighter Luis Miguel Dominguín in one hand. Actress Katy Jurado said she was one of the first people to find the body. According to Jurado, the picture that Miroslava had between her hands was of Mexican comedian Cantinflas, but the artistic manager Fanny Schatz exchanged the photo for that of the Spanish bullfighter Luis Miguel Dominguín.[4] Another source states that her body was found by actress Ninón Sevilla.[5] Miroslava's friends stated her suicide was due to unrequited love for Dominguín, who had recently married[3] Italian actress Lucia Bosè. Others claimed that her unrequited lover was for Cantinflas.[6] Despite any evidence to support it, a rumor persisted that Stern died in a plane crash when traveling with Mexican businessman Jorge Pasquel, the day before her suicide.[7]

In his 1983 autobiography, Mon dernier soupir (My Last Breath), Buñuel calls the cremation of Miroslava's following her suicide ironic, when compared to a scene in Ensayo de un crimen, her last film, in which the protagonist cremates a wax reproduction of Stern's character. Her life is the subject of a short story by Guadalupe Loaeza,[8] which was adapted by Alejandro Pelayo for his 1992 Mexican film called Miroslava, starring Arielle Dombasle.[9]

FilmographyEdit

MexicoEdit

DocumentariesEdit

  • El charro inmortal (1955)
  • Torero (1956)

Feature filmsEdit

United StatesEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Our word is our weapon: selected writings. By Subcomandante Insurgente Marcos, Juana Ponce de León, José Saramago. Seven Stories Press. p. 244.
  2. ^ Bednář, Václav. "Osudy hranických židů po II. světové válce". vaclavbednar.wz.cz. Václav Bednář. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 October 2015.
  3. ^ a b "Hundreds at Rites for Actress Who Killed Self". Los Angeles Times. March 12, 1955.
  4. ^ "Katy Jurado: Estrella de Hollywood orgullosamente mexicana". Revista Somos. Editorial Televisa S.A de C.V. 1999. p. 100.
  5. ^ Gutierrez, Estephanie (February 26, 2018). "Miroslava, la bella actriz que se suicidó por amor". De10.mx. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  6. ^ Lenero, Vicente (December 6, 2015). "El suicidio de Miroslava". Proceso. Retrieved February 26, 2018.
  7. ^ "La otra muerte de Miroslava" (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  8. ^ Relocating identities in Latin American cultures. By Elizabeth Montes Garcés. p. 33.
  9. ^ Mexican cinema: reflections of a society, 1896-2004. By Carl J. Mora. McFarland & Comanpy. p. 210.
  • Agrasánchez Jr., Rogelio (2001). Bellezas del cine mexicano/Beauties of Mexican Cinema. Archivo Fílmico Agrasánchez. ISBN 968-5077-11-8.

External linksEdit