Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III

Nawab Mir Akbar Ali Khan Bahadur, Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III (11 November 1768 – 21 May 1829), was the 3rd Nizam/Ruler of Hyderabad, India from 1803 to 1829.[1] He was born in Chowmahalla Palace in the Khilwath, the second son of Asaf Jah II and Tahniat un-nisa Begum.


Sikandar Jah, Nizam III
Nizam of Hyderabad State
Sikandar Jah.jpg
Sixth Nizam of Hyderabad
Reign6 August 1803— 21 May 1829
PredecessorNizam Ali Khan
SuccessorNasir-ud-Daulah
Born11 November 1768
Chowmahalla Palace (Khilwat), Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, Mughal Empire
(now in Telangana, India)
Died21 May 1829 (aged 61)
Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India
(now in Telangana, India)
BuriedMecca Masjid, Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India
(now in Telangana, India)
Issue
Nasir-ud-Daulah
Mubarez-ud-Daulah
8 sons and 9 daughters
FatherNizam Ali Khan, Asaf Jah II
MotherTahniat un-nisa Begum

MarriageEdit

He was married (first) with Jahan Parwar Begum Sahiba (Haji Begum) daughter of Nawab Saif Ul Mulk (Maali Mian) son of Moin un Daula Nawab Gulam Said Khan Bahadir Surab Jang in May 1800. Second with Fazilath Unisa Begum (Chandni Begum).

Official nameEdit

His original names were Sikandar Jah, Asaf ul-Mulk, Asad ud-Daula, Walashan Nawab Mir Akbar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Asad Jang. He was officially known as Asaf Jah III, Nizam ul-Mulk, Nizam ud-Daula, Mir Akbar 'Ali Khan Bahadur, Faulad Jang, Nizam of Hyderabad.[2]

Military expansionEdit

 
Sikandar Jah

During his reign, a British cantonment was established near Hyderabad and the area was christened after him as Secunderabad. His son Samsamadaula (Mir Basheeruddin Ali Khan) was Defence Adviser to his brother, Nasir ud Daula, and nephew, Afzal ud daula. But he did not have any pact with the British for maintaining the contingent. The state was in a financial mess during his reign.[3][4]

Sikh RegimentEdit

Upon the recommendation of Maharaja Chandu Lal, a Punjabi Khatri and influential dignitary at the Nizam's court. 1200+ Sikh soldiers joined the Nizam's army. Around 1830, Maharaja Ranjit Singh sent 150 more men under a Sardar Chanda Singh, for the construction of Gurdwara Takht Sachkhand Sri Hazur Sahib Abichalnagar at Nanded.[5][6]

Building of templeEdit

Sikander Jah not only built the Rambagh temple in Attapur, Hyderabad but also attended the inauguration ceremony proving again the communal harmony that existed between the Muslim Asaf Jahi rulers and their Hindu subjects in Hyderabad. The Nizam also granted a Jagir to the temple priest for the temple’s maintenance.[7][8]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The University of Queensland Homepage".
  2. ^ "Seven Asaf Jah Rulers - Seven Nizams". Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Asaf Jahis". AP state portal. Ap state portal. Retrieved 19 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Asaf Jahis (1724-1948)". Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Dakkhani Sikhs - SikhiWiki, free Sikh encyclopedia". www.sikhiwiki.org.
  6. ^ Singh, S. Harpal (29 December 2019). "Guru Nanak's centuries-old link with Nizam's Nirmal". The Hindu. Retrieved 28 April 2021.
  7. ^ "Nizam built this temple". thehindu. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  8. ^ "Rambagh temple, a hidden gem in the Hyderabad".

External linksEdit

Sikander Jah, Asaf Jah III
Asaf Jahi dynasty
Preceded by
Ali Khan Asaf Jah II
Nizam of Hyderabad
1803–1829
Succeeded by
Nasir-ud-dawlah, Asif Jah IV