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Minsk National Airport (formerly known as Minsk-2) (IATA: MSQ, ICAO: UMMS) (Belarusian: Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск, [natsɨjaˈnalʲnɨ aeraˈport mʲinsk]; Russian: Национальный аэропорт Минск) is the main international airport in Belarus, located 42 km (26 mi) to the east of the capital Minsk, geographically lying in the territory of Smalyavichy Raion but administratively being subordinated to Kastrychnitski District of Minsk. The airport serves as hub of the Belarusian flag carrier Belavia and the cargo carriers TransAVIAexport Airlines, Genex and Rubystar Airways.

Minsk National Airport

Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск
Национальный аэропорт Минск
EW-437PA Boeing 737-8K5 Belavia boarding at MSQ.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesMinsk, Belarus
OpenedJuly 1, 1983 (1983-07-01)[1]
Hub forBelavia
Time zoneEEST (UTC+03:00)
Elevation AMSL204 m / 669 ft
Coordinates53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250Coordinates: 53°52′57″N 28°01′57″E / 53.88250°N 28.03250°E / 53.88250; 28.03250
Websiteairport.by
Map
MSQ is located in Belarus
MSQ
MSQ
Location of airport in Belarus
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13/31 3,641 11,942 Concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers4,114,512[2]
Passenger change 16–17Increase20.0%[3]
Sources: ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Contents

HistoryEdit

Early yearsEdit

Construction of Minsk-2 airport began in 1977. In 1979 a new runway 3,640-m-long and 60-m-wide became operational. By 1981 the aerodrome «Minsk-2» was able to handle aircraft and the airport opened in 1982. The first passenger flight was operated with a Tupolev Tu-134.[4]

On July 1, 1983 «The Second Joint Aviation Division of Minsk» was established in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of USSR. This date is considered as the airport foundation day.[5][6]

Development since the 1990sEdit

Regular flights began in 1983; by 1990 passenger traffic reached 2.2 million passengers. From 1991 the number of flights began to decline due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and other consequent changes. By 1997 the number of the passengers was 516,000, in 1998 – 480,000, in 2000 – only 400,000 passengers. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union the first million passengers was handled by Minsk National Airport in 2008. Due to the substantial growth in passenger traffic 2008 became a significant mark for the airport.[7]

Airlines and destinationsEdit

PassengerEdit

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Minsk:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air China Beijing–Capital
airBaltic Riga
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Belavia Almaty, Amsterdam, Baku, Barcelona, Belgrade, Berlin–Schönefeld, Budapest, Charleroi, Chișinău,[9] Frankfurt, Geneva, Hanover, Helsinki, Istanbul, Kaliningrad, Kazan, Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Kiev–Zhuliany, Krasnodar, Larnaca, London–Gatwick, Lviv, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo,[10] Moscow–Zhukovsky, Nizhny Novgorod, Nur-Sultan, Odessa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don,[11][12] Sochi, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tallinn (begins 30 May 2019),[13][14] Tbilisi, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Vilnius, Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin, Yerevan
Seasonal: Ashgabat, Batumi, Beirut, Karaganda, Kostanay, Manchester, Palanga, Pavlodar
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[15] Bodrum,[15] Burgas,[15] Catania,[15] Dalaman,[15] Dubai–Al Maktoum,[16] Heraklion,[15] Hurghada,[15] İzmir,[15] Kavala,[16] Patras,[15] Rhodes,[15] Rimini,[15] Sharm El Sheikh,[15][17] Thessaloniki, Tirana,[18] Varna[15]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi[19]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhia
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo (begins 20 May 2019),[20] Moscow–Zhukovsky (begins 20 May 2019)[20]
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
Seasonal: Surgut[21]
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

CargoEdit

AirlinesDestinations
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Vienna[22]

StatisticsEdit

Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics[23]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 559,114  10.86% 5,456   2.83% 5,488   4.29%
2006 637,560  14.03% 6,144  12.61% 6,059  10.40%
2007 830,481  30.26% 7,590  23.54% 7,290  20.32%
2008 1,010,695  21.70% 9,256  21.95% 7,870   7.96%
2009 1,028,886   1.80% 9,341   0.92% 7,289   7.38%
2010 1,285,423  24.93% 11,020  17.97% 8,553  17.34%
2011 1,437,825  11.86% 13,686  24.19% 8,667  1.33%
2012 1,837,911  27.83% 14,947  9.27% 9,833  13.45%
2013 2,182,177  18.73% 16,586  11.00% 10,477  6.55%
2014 2,593,559  18.90% 20,036  20.90% 19,905  89.99%
2015 2,782,866  7.30% 20,365  1.64% N.D. N.D.
2016 3,429,112  23.2% 23,034  13.1% N.D. N.D.
2017 4,114,512  20.0% 24,508  6.4% N.D. N.D.
2018 4,536,644  9.7% 26,103  6.5% 20,217 N.D.
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[24] 2006,[25] 2007,[26] 2009,[27] 2011,[28] 2012,[29] 2013,[30] and 2014[31]);
Official website[23] (Years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018).

Ground transportationEdit

The airport is located 42 km (26 mi) east of Minsk, and is linked with the city with a toll-free (for non-BY registered cars) highway. Free short term parking is available in front of the terminal. Minsk National Airport is linked to the capital by the M2 motorway. Bus, train, taxi and parking services are provided.[32] The airport is served by bus 300Э departing from Centralny bus station.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

  • On 6 September 2003 an aircraft Tu-154 operated by an Iranian airline Kish Air hit trees in heavy fog as it was on approach en route from Tehran to Copenhagen. None of the 38 passengers and 4 crew members on board were injured.[34]
  • On 26 October 2009, S-Air Flight 9607, operated by BAe 125 RA-02807 crashed on approach to Minsk National Airport. All three crew and both passengers died.[35]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ UMMS. "Minsk National Airport". airport.by.
  2. ^ "Over 3.4m passengers travelled via Minsk airport in 2016". BelTA. BelTA – News from Belarus, © Belarusian Telegraph Agency. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
  3. ^ Operating rates. "Minsk National Airport". airport.by.
  4. ^ "История аэропорта | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Национальный аэропорт «Минск»: 35 лет | Национальный аэропорт Минск". airport.by (in Russian). Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Минск (Аэродром)". ekskursii.by. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  7. ^ "Airport History - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  8. ^ airport.by - Season Timetable retrieved 30 July 2016
  9. ^ "The Opening of the Flight Minsk-Chisinau-Minsk - BELAVIA - Belarusian Airlines". belavia.by. Belavia. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  10. ^ Плохотниченко, Юрий (24 March 2019). "Belavia будет летать из Минска сразу в три московских аэропорта". Travel.ru (in Russian). Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  11. ^ "Из нового аэропорта "Платов" можно будет улететь прямым рейсом в Белоруссию". bloknot-rostov.ru. 3 November 2017.
  12. ^ ""Белавиа" с 27 апреля начнет выполнять рейсы в Ростов-на-Дону". Белорусское телеграфное агентство (in Russian). 1 November 2017. Retrieved 3 November 2017.
  13. ^ "Belavia is opening regular flights to Tallinn - BELAVIA - Belarusian Airlines". en.belavia.by. BELAVIA - Belarusian Airlines. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Belavia avab lennuliini Tallinnast Minskisse". trip.ee. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Timetable". www.tez-tour.com.
  16. ^ a b "Flights". anextour.com.ua. 8 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh". 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  18. ^ https://www.airportia.com/flights/b28383/minsk/tirana/
  19. ^ Liu, Jim (7 May 2018). "Etihad boosts Minsk / Belgrade operations in 3Q18". Routesonline. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
  20. ^ a b Liu, Jim (9 April 2019). "Ural Airlines adds Minsk service from late-May 2019". Routesonline. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  21. ^ Liu, Jim (24 April 2018). "UTair adds seasonal Surgut routes from June 2018". Routesonline. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  22. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ a b "Показатели деятельности предприятия - Национальный аэропорт Минск". Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  24. ^ Airport Council International's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  25. ^ Airport Council International's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  26. ^ Airport Council International's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  27. ^ Airport Council International Archived 11 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  28. ^ Airport Council International's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  29. ^ Airport Council International's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  30. ^ Airport Council International's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  31. ^ Airport Council International's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
  32. ^ "Transport - Minsk National Airport". Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  33. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134AK CCCP-65910 Nezhivka".
  34. ^ "Kish Air aircraft strikes trees during landing".
  35. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2009.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Minsk National Airport at Wikimedia Commons