Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture (Myanmar)

The Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture (Burmese: သာသနာရေးနှင့်ယဉ်ကျေးမှုဝန်ကြီးဌာန, abbreviated MORAC) administers the religious affairs, cultural affairs and historical and archaeology research efforts of Myanmar (formerly Burma). The Department of Religious Affairs purification, perpetuation, promotion and propagation of the Theravada Buddhist Sasana and promotes Myanmar traditional customs and culture.[1]

Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture (Myanmar)
သာသနာရေးနှင့်ယဉ်ကျေးမှုဝန်ကြီးဌာန
Seal of MORC Myanmar.jpg
Ministry overview
Formed1 April 2016; 4 years ago (1 April 2016)
Preceding agencies
  • Ministry of Religious Affairs
  • Ministry of Culture
Jurisdiction Myanmar
HeadquartersNay Pyi Taw
Minister responsible

HistoryEdit

The Ministry of Culture was established on 16 March 1952 as the Ministry of Union Cultures, and later renamed the Ministry of Culture on 15 March 1972.[2]

The Ministry of Religious Affairs (MORA) came into being before the Union of Burma (now known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar) regained its Independence in 1947. On 2 March 1962, the Revolutionary Council government reorganised all ministries. The Ministry of Religious Affairs became a department of the Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs. On 18 September 1988. the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) formed the Department for the Promotion and Propagation of the Sasana, also under the Ministry of Home and Religious Affairs. On 20 March 1992. the ministries of Home Affairs and Religious Affairs were separated. A cabinet meeting on 26 June 1998 confirmed that the International Theravada Buddhist Missionary University would be formed under MORA.[3] MORA's motto was a Pali phrase "Buddha sāsanaṃ ciraṃ tiṭṭhatu" (ဗုဒ္ဓသာသနံစိရံတိဋ္ဌတု), which translates as "Long Live the Buddhist Sasana."

On 1 April 2016, the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Ministry of Culture were combined to form the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture, as part of a government downsizing.[4]

DepartmentsEdit

MinistersEdit

No Name Start Date End Date Ministry/Department
1 U Tun Phay 16 March 1952 12 August 1953 Department of Union Culture
2 General Khin Maung Lay 12 August 1953 5 September 1953 Ministry of Home Affairs and Union Culture
3 U Win 5 September 1953 17 November 1955 Department of National Planning and Union Culture
4 U Tun Tin 12 June 1956 25 February 1957 Department of Education and Union Culture
5 U Tun Tin 1 March 1957 18 July 1958 Department of Education and Union Culture
6 Thakin Tin 18 July 1958 28 October 1958 Department of Mechanized and Union Culture
7 U Maung Kyaw Zan 28 July 2005 28 October 1958 Department of Education and Union Culture
8 U Chit Thaung 28 October 1958 4 April 1960 Department of Union Culture
9 U Ba Saw 4 April 1960 2 March 1962 Department of Social Welfare, Religious Affairs, Union Culture and Health
1. Col Saw Myint 2 March 1962 17 August 1964 Department of Information and Union Culture
11 Col Thaung Dan 17 September 1964 2 March 1974 Ministry of Information,Ministry of Culture and Social Welfare
12 U Aye Maung 2 March 1974 1 March 1987 Ministry of Culture
13 U Mya Maung 2 March 1979 20 March 1979 Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Information
14 U Man San Myat Shwe 20 March 1979 16 October 1980 Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Information
15 U Aung Kyaw Myint 16 October 1980 18 September 1988 Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Information
16 Gen Phone Myint 21 September 1988 6 March 1992 Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Information
17 Lt Gen Kyaw Yair Aung 6 March 1992 20 June 1995 Ministry of Culture
18 Col Thaung Myint 20 June 1995 29 May 1996 Ministry of Culture
19 U Aung San 29 May 1996 20 December 1997 Ministry of Culture
20 U Win Sein 26 December 1997 9 November 2001 Ministry of Culture
21 U Tin Win 15 November 2001 12 September 2002 Ministry of Culture,Ministry of Labour
22 Gen Aung Kyi 13 September 2002 15 May 2006 Ministry of Culture
23 Col Khin Aung Myint 15 May 2006 29 March 2011 Ministry of Culture
24 U Kyaw San 30 March 2011 27 August 2012 Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Information
25 U Aye Myint Kyu 7 September 2012 30 March 2016 Ministry of Culture
26 U Aung Ko 30 March 2016 Ministry of Religious Affairs and Culture

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Ministry of Religious Affairs". Ministry Of Religious Affairs. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  2. ^ "Ministry Of Culture". Myanmar Online Data Information Network Solutions. 2002. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
  3. ^ "The Ministry of Religious Affairs". Ministry Of Religious Affairs. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  4. ^ "NLD reduces government ministries". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  5. ^ "Department of Religious Affairs". Ministry of Religious Affairs. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Department for the Promotion and Propagation of Sasana". Ministry of Religious Affairs. Retrieved 19 February 2012.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit