Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China

The Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China (simplified Chinese: 中华人民共和国国防部; traditional Chinese: 中華人民共和國國防部; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù), or the "National Defense Ministry" (simplified Chinese: 国防部; traditional Chinese: 國防部; pinyin: Guófángbù) for short, is the second-ranked cabinet level executive department under the State Council. It is headed by the Minister of National Defense.

Ministry of National Defense of the People's Republic of China
Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guófángbù
People's Republic of China National Emblem.svg
Ministry of National Defense HQ, Beijing
Agency overview
Formed28 September 1954
TypeConstituent Department of the State Council (cabinet-level executive department)
HeadquartersFuxing Road, Beijing
39°54′28″N 116°19′15″E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083Coordinates: 39°54′28″N 116°19′15″E / 39.90778°N 116.32083°E / 39.90778; 116.32083
Agency executive
Parent agencyState Council
Central Military Commission (in English)

The MND was set up according to a decision adopted by the 1st Session of the 1st National People's Congress in 1954. In contrast to practice in other nations, the MND does not exercise command authority over the People's Liberation Army (PLA), which is instead subordinate to the Central Military Commission (CMC). Instead, the MND itself only serves as liaison body representing the CMC and PLA when dealing with foreign militaries in military exchange and cooperation.

Its official responsibilities had been to exercise unified administration over the development of the armed forces of the country such as recruitment, organization, equipment, training, scientific military research of the PLA and the ranking and remuneration of the officers and servicemen. However, in reality these responsibilities are carried out by the CMC's 15 departments.


There are very few departments under the Ministry of National Defense and actually operated by the CMC departments.

  • Information Bureau
  • International Communications Bureau
  • Foreign Affairs Office
  • Peacekeeping Office
    • Peacekeeping Affairs Centre
  • Mobilisation Office


Although the Ministry itself does not exercise much authority, the role of the Minister of National Defense has always been viewed as one of the most important positions in the country's political system. The position of Minister has always been given to an active military officer (with the exception of Geng Biao), a State Councilor and a member of the Communist Party's Central Committee and member (sometimes a Vice Chairman) of the Central Military Commission, enabling him to take part in the decision making in the PLA, the Government and the Party.

List of Defense MinistersEdit

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office
1Dehuai, PengMarshal
Peng Dehuai

28 September 195417 September 19594 years, 6 months
2Biao, LinMarshal
Lin Biao

17 September 195913 September 197112 years, 4 months
3Jianying, YeMarshal
Ye Jianying

17 January 197526 February 19783 years, 1 month
4Xiangqian, XuMarshal
Xu Xiangqian

26 February 19786 March 19812 years, 11 months
5Biao, GengGeng Biao

6 March 198119 November 19832 years, 3 months
6Aiping, ZhangGeneral
Zhang Aiping

19 November 198212 April 19885 years, 4 months
7Jiwei, QinGeneral
Qin Jiwei

12 April 198829 March 19934 years, 11 months
8Haotian, ChiGeneral
Chi Haotian

(born 1929)
29 March 199317 March 20039 years, 11 months
9Gangchuan, CaoGeneral
Cao Gangchuan

(born 1935)
17 March 200317 March 20085 years
10Guanglie, LiangGeneral
Liang Guanglie

(born 1940)
17 March 200816 March 20135 years
11Wanquan, ChangGeneral
Chang Wanquan

(born 1949)
16 March 201319 March 20185 years
12Fenghe, WeiGeneral
Wei Fenghe

(born 1954)
19 March 2018Incumbent3 years, 191 days

See alsoEdit


  • "Ministry of National Defence". Archived from the original on 2007-11-09. Retrieved 2007-11-21.

External linksEdit