Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
The Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises , a branch of the Government of India, is the apex body for the formulation and administration of rules, regulations and laws relating to micro, small and medium enterprises in India. The current Minister of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises is Giriraj Singh since 03 September 2017.
|Jurisdiction||Republic of India|
|Headquarters||Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
|Annual budget||₹6,552.61 crore (US$980 million) (2018-19 est.) |
The statistics provided by the annual reports of Ministry of Small and Medium Enterprises(MSME) shows a rise in the plan amount spent on Khadi sector from ₹ 194.27 Crore to ₹ 1,454 Crore and non plan amounts from ₹ 43.7 Crore to ₹ 229.1 Crore respectively in the period 1994-95 to 2014-2015. The interest subsidies to Khadi institutions increased from ₹ 9.63 Crore to ₹ 31.45 Crore in this period.
The Ministry of Small Scale Industries and Agro and Rural Industries (SSI&ARI) was created in October 1999. In September 2001, the ministry was split into the Ministry of Small Scale Industries (SSI) and the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries (ARI).
The President of India amended the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961, under the notification dated 9 May 2007. Pursuant to this amendment, the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries and the Ministry of Small Scale Industries were merged into a single ministry, the current Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises.
Ministry of Small Scale IndustriesEdit
The now-defunct SSI was tasked with the promotion of micro and small enterprises (MSEs). The Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO) was under the control of the ministry, as was the public sector undertakings National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC).
The Small Industries Development OrganisationEdit
SIDO was established in 1954 on the basis of the recommendations of the Ford Foundation. It has over 60 offices and 21 autonomous bodies under its management. These autonomous bodies include Tool Rooms, Training Institutions and Project-cum-Process Development Centres.
Various Services provided by SIDO to the SMEs:-
- facilities for testing, toolmenting, training for entrepreneurship development
- preparation of project and product profiles
- technical and managerial consultancy
- assistance for exports
- pollution and energy audits
SIDO also provides economic information services and advises Government in policy formulation for the promotion and development of SSIs. The field offices also work as effective links between the Central and the State Governments
Ministry of Agro and Rural IndustriesEdit
The now-defunct Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries had the objectives of facilitating coordinated and focused policy formulation and effective implementation of programmes, projects, schemes, etc., for improving supply chain management, enhancing skills, upgrading technology, expanding markets and capacity building of the entrepreneurs/artisans and their groups/collectives.
The Ministry deals with the khadi and village and coir industries through the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC) and the Coir Board and coordinates implementation of two countrywide employment generation programmes, namely, the Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP) and the Prime Minister’s Rozgar Yojana (PMRY) with the cooperation of State Governments, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and other banks. The Khadi & Village Industries Commission (KVIC), established by an Act of Parliament, is a statutory organization engaged in promotion and development of khadi and village industries for providing employment opportunities in the rural areas, thereby strengthening the rural economy.The coir industry is a labour-intensive and export-oriented industry. It uses a by-product of coconut, namely, coir husk. The Coir Board, a statutory body established under the Coir Industry Act 1953, looks after the promotion, growth and development of the coir industry, including export promotion and expansion of the domestic market.
The ministry was headed by the Minister of Agro & Rural Industries and was based at Udyog Bhavan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi. Shri Mahabir Prasad was the last incumbent.
Integrated Training Center, NilokheriEdit
Integrated Training Center, Nilokheri (ITC) was an employment and training agency in Nilokheri in Karnal district in the state of Haryana owned and managed by the Government of India and responsible for upgrading technical skills of technicians.
It was built around the vocational training centre that was transferred from Kurukshetra, in July, 1948 to the 1100 acres of swampy land on the Delhi-Ambala highway as one of several enterprises intended to provide employment and training for displaced persons following the partition of India This training center was under Small Industries belonged to subhash mukherjee Development Organisation (SIDO) and used to provided training to extension officers (industries of State Governments as well as managers and technician entrepreneurs both in modern small scale and traditional village industries. During the Year 1986-87 the center trained 200 technician, 85 women under core women training programme and 57 SIDO officers. 11``
ITC as a part of SIDO organisation it provides technical training to artisans and workers sponsored by the state government. It also organises training of Extension Officers engaged in various developmental organisation. It provides summer training programs for Degree/Diploma Engineers.
Due to some conflict between the Principal and Vice-Principal of Integrated Training Centre was relinquished. Later in the year 2014 the center was taken over by Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises which led to its development as Extension center for Central Tool Room, Ludhiana i.e. Central Tool Room Extension Center, Nilokheri. Currently running various technical short term courses.
Center structure and functionsEdit
The center comes under the Government of India and has a Principal and a Vice Principal. The Ministry regulates:
- Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)
- National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector
- National Small Industries Corporation Ltd.
- National School of Leadership
- National Institute of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises
- National Institute for Entrepreneurship & Small Business Development
- Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship 
Ministers of state (independent charge)Edit
- "Free Over-Regulated Khadi Sector, Branding And Wider Market Base Needed".
- , "MINISTRY OF AGRO AND RURAL INDUSTRIES". Retrieved on May 1, 2015
- "Entrepreneurial Development in India". Mittal Publications. 1 January 1990. Retrieved 10 April 2018 – via Google Books.
- Admin Archived 5 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises website.