Ministry of Information (Egypt)

The Ministry of Information (Arabic: وزارة الإعلام) was the ministry in charge of state-owned media and press in Egypt, and for regulating the practices through affiliate agencies between 1971 until its latest dissolution in 2021.

Arab Republic of Egypt
Ministry of Information
وزارة الاعلام
Agency overview
Preceding agency
Superseding agency
  • National Media Authority
JurisdictionGovernment of Egypt
Agency executive
  • Minister of Information

History and profile edit

During president Anwar Sadat's 11 year tenure, the ministry was renamed and restructured a number of times. In the first cabinet in October 1970 the Ministry of Culture and National Guidance was split into one for culture, and another for national guidance with Mohamed Fayek appointed as minister[1] Within a month the Ministry of National Guidance was renamed as the Ministry of Information with the same minister.[2] After a further few months, in May 1971, the Mohamed Abdelqader Hatem was named Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Information.[3]

In 1978 after signing a peace treaty with Israel, Sadat restructured the government and dissolved the ministry with his new prime minister Mostafa Khalil saying that "state supervision of the information media has come to an end."[4] This would not last long, and In 1979 it was again bundled as the Ministry of Culture and Information (during Mansour Hassan's tenure).

Under president Hosni Mubarak, the Ministry of Information was reestablished in 1982 after being spun off from the Ministry of Culture and Information.[5] In 1986 Mubarak officially set out its mandate bringing the Egyptian Radio and Television Union and the State Information Service under its supervision.[6] The ministry would remain intact with only two ministers taking the post during Mubarak's 30-year rule.

The Ministry of Information was dissolved in February 2011[7][8] when the new cabinet was created under Prime Minister Essam Sharaf in the wake of the Egyptian Revolution and the purge of Hosni Mubarak's regime.[9]

However, it was reestablished a few months later in July 2011 and Osama Heikal was appointed as minister[8]

The ministry was dissolved for a third time in 2021 after the resignation of Osama Heikal,[10] and was not reestablished in the following cabinet reshuffle in 2022. The National Media Authority has taken up most of its duties overseeing state-owned media.[11]

List of Egyptian Ministers of Information (incomplete) edit

President Anwar Sadat (1970 — 1981)

President Hosni Mubarak (1981 — 2011)

Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (2011 — 2012)

  • Osama Heikal (2011–2012)[8]

President Mohamed Morsi (2012 — 2013)

Interim President Adly Mansour

  • Dorreya Sharaf El-Din (July 2013–June 2014)[7]

President Abdelfattah al-Sisi (2014 — )

  • Osama Heikal (2020–2022, ministry dissolved)[10]

Affiliated agencies edit

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Presidential Decree 1685/1970". The Official Gazette. 1970.
  2. ^ "Presidential Decree 1880/1970". The Official Gazette. 1970.
  3. ^ "Presidential Decree 780/1971". The Official Gazette. 1971.
  4. ^ Lippman, Thomas W. (1978-10-06). "Sadat Installs New Government to Lead a Peaceful Egypt". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved 2023-03-05.
  5. ^ Toby Mendel (August 2011). "Political and Media Transitions in Egypt" (PDF). Internews. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  6. ^ "Presidential Decree 310/1986". The Official Gazette. 1986.
  7. ^ a b "BREAKING: New government swears in". Cairo Post. 17 June 2014. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  8. ^ a b c "Egypt's reinstatement of Information Ministry is a setback". Committee to Protect Journalists. New York. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 3 January 2014.
  9. ^ "Egypt's reinstatement of Information Ministry is a setback". Committee to Protect Journalists. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
  10. ^ a b "Egypt's information minister Osama Heikal resigns amid parliamentary criticism - Politics - Egypt". Ahram Online. Retrieved 2023-03-04.
  11. ^ "National Media Authority". Media Ownership Monitor. Retrieved 2023-03-04.
  12. ^ "Presidential Decree 610/1974". The Official Gazette. 1974.
  13. ^ (22 December 2012). Sadat's last minister of information dies, Al-Ahram
  14. ^ Hammond, Andrew. Pop Culture Arab World!: Media, Arts, and Lifestyle, p. 79 (2005)
  15. ^ "Information Minister". 2004. Archived from the original on 2004-08-09. Retrieved 2023-03-10.

External links edit