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Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. It is also responsible for all government programs relating to family planning in India.[2][3]

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
Emblem of India.svg
Agency overview
Formed1976
JurisdictionIndiaRepublic of India
HeadquartersCabinet Secretariat
Raisina Hill, New Delhi
28°36′50″N 77°12′32″E / 28.61389°N 77.20889°E / 28.61389; 77.20889
Annual budget52,800 crore (US$7.6 billion) (2018-19 est.)[1]
Agency executive

The Minister of Health and Family Welfare holds cabinet rank as a member of the Council of Ministers. The current minister is Harsh Vardhan. The Ministry regularly publishes the Indian Pharmacopoeia since 1955 through Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) an autonomous body under the ministry for setting standards for drugs, pharmaceuticals and healthcare devices and technologies in India.[4]

CompositionEdit

The ministry is composed of two departments: Departments of Health and Family Welfare, Department of Health Research.[5]

Department of HealthEdit

The Department of Health deals with health care, including awareness campaigns, immunisation campaigns, preventive medicine, and public health. Bodies under the administrative control of this department are:

The National Cancer Control ProgrammeEdit

HistoryEdit

With the emergence of Cancer as a growing threat to Public health, the Indian Government, through the Ministry of Health and Welfare, initiated the National Cancer Control Program (NCCP) in 1975.[7][8] Initially, the focus of the program was prevention as its aim was to educate the population and make detection and diagnosis resources available. Another goal for the program was to increase capacity in the structures already dealing with cancer and address the short fallings of palliative care.[7] The program was subsequently revised between 1984 and 1985[8] to better set it up for success in its goal of reducing cancer morbidity and mortality in the country,[9] mainly through primary prevention and early detection.[8] Between 1990 and 1991, the cancer control program was decentralised with the introduction of services at the district level.[8] The last revision on the NCCP intervened in 2005.[8]

AchievementsEdit

Since its creation, the program has had many major accomplishments such as the establishment of the National Cancer Registry Programme in 1982.[9] Even though the registry does not cover the whole population affected by cancer, it gives the most updated information on the burden of cancer in the country and informs policies enacted to fight cancer such as provisions for additional funding to public hospitals and the creation of cancer centres in 27 regions.[7] Through the National Cancer Control Programme, the country was able to put in place effective policies to foster primary prevention such as a tobacco control policy to minimise the negative impacts from the use of tobacco.[10] The country also disposes of policies to control and prevent obesity and alcohol abuse, and policies to foster physical activity and ensure that is available for everyone.[10] Cancer screening and early detection services are generally offered in public health centres, especially for breast and cervical cancer.[10] The NCCP led to the creation of 27 cancer centres across the country, and 85 additional oncology programs in medical schools.[11]

ChallengesEdit

Despite the successes, the National Cancer Control Programme is faced with numerous challenges.[7] Accessibility, availability, and affordability of cancer care resources remain a major issue faced by the program.[7][12] Problems of access are due to lack of financial means to afford the resources that are available or the lack of financial to make the decisions that would reduce the risks of developing the disease. These include lifestyle decisions such as smoking, alcohol consumption and nutrition patterns. Availability is a major problem particularly in rural areas because the resources are concentrated in cities and solving the geographical gap between resources such as facilities and personal remains a challenge for the NCCP.[10]

Department of Family WelfareEdit

The Department of Family Welfare (FW) is responsible for aspects relating to family welfare, especially in reproductive health, maternal health, pediatrics, information, education and communications; cooperation with NGOs and international aid groups; and rural health services. The Department of Family Welfare is responsible for:

Department of AYUSHEdit

Department of AYUSH is no more under Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, it has elevated as Ministry of AYUSH with effect from 9 November 2014.

The Department of Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy (AYUSH) deals with ayurveda (Indian traditional medicine), yoga, naturopathy, unani, siddha, and homeopathy, and other alternative medicine systems. Now 'Sowa-Rigpa' the tibetian medicine system also has been added in AYUSH

The department was established in March 1995 as the Department of Indian Systems of Medicines and Homeopathy (ISM&H). The department is charged with upholding education standards in the Indian Systems of Medicines and Homoeopathy colleges, strengthening research, promoting the cultivation of medicinal plants used, and working on Pharmacopoeia standards. Bodies under the control of the Department of AYUSH are:

MinistersEdit

Ministers Health and Family Welfare
Name Portrait Term of office Political Party Prime Minister Reference
Rajkumari Amrit Kaur   1947 1957 Indian National Congress Jawaharlal Nehru [13]
Sushila Nayar 1962 1967 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [14]
Kodardas Kalidas Shah 1967 1971 [15]
Uma Shankar Dikshit 1971 1972 [16]
Karan Singh   1973 1977 Indian National Congress Indira Gandhi [15]
Raj Narain 24 March 1977 25 January 1979 Janata Party Morarji Desai [17]
Rabi Ray 25 January 1979 14 July 1979 [18]
28 July 1979 14 January 1980 Janata Party (Secular) Charan Singh [19]
Mohsina Kidwai 31 December 1984 24 June 1986 Indian National Congress Rajiv Gandhi [20]
P. V. Narasimha Rao   July 1986 February 1988 [21]
Rasheed Masood 21 April 1990 10 November 1990 Janata Dal
National Front
V. P. Singh [22]
Sartaj Singh 16 May 1996 1 June 1996 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Atal Bihari Vajpayee [23]
C. P. Thakur 27 May 2000 30 June 2002 [24]
Sushma Swaraj   29 January 2003 22 May 2004 [25]
Anbumani Ramadoss   22 May 2004 April 2009 Pattali Makkal Katchi
United Progressive Alliance
Manmohan Singh
Ghulam Nabi Azad   22 May 2009 26 May 2014 Indian National Congress
United Progressive Alliance
Harsh Vardhan   26 May 2014 9 November 2014 Bharatiya Janata Party
National Democratic Alliance
Narendra Modi [26]
Jagat Prakash Nadda   9 November 2014 28 May 2019
Harsh Vardhan   31 May 2019 Incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Budget data" (PDF). www.indiabudget.gov.in. 2019.
  2. ^ "Suspension of anti-diabetes drug takes industry by surprise". The Hindu. June 27, 2013. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Let the science decide", The Hindu, July 24, 2013, retrieved 1 August 2013
  4. ^ "Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission". ipc.nic.in.
  5. ^ "Departments :: Ministry of Health & Family Welfare".
  6. ^ Rath, Goura Kishor (Winter 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 34 (4): 288–90. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276. PMID 25538407 – via National Institutes of Health.
  7. ^ a b c d e Goss, Paul E; Strasser-Weippl, Kathrin; Lee-Bychkovsky, Brittany L; Fan, Lei; Li, Junjie; Chavarri-Guerra, Yanin; Liedke, Pedro E R; Pramesh, C S; Badovinac-Crnjevic, Tanja (2014-04-01). "Challenges to effective cancer control in China, India, and Russia". The Lancet Oncology. 15 (5): 489–538. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70029-4. PMID 24731404.
  8. ^ a b c d e Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35 (4): 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276. PMID 25538407 – via NIH NCBI.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  9. ^ a b Sarin, Rajiv (2005). "Indian national cancer control programme: Setting sight on shifting targets". Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics. 1 (4): 240. doi:10.4103/0973-1482.19603. ISSN 0973-1482.
  10. ^ a b c d "Cancer Country Profiles India". WHO Int. World Health Organization. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  11. ^ Rath, Goura Kishor (Oct–Dec 2014). "National cancer control and registration program in India". Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 35 (4): 288–290. doi:10.4103/0971-5851.144991. PMC 4264276. PMID 25538407 – via NIH NCBI.CS1 maint: date format (link)
  12. ^ Gulia, Seema; Sengar, Manju; Badwe, Rajendra; Gupta, Sudeep (2016-10-28). "National Cancer Control Programme in India: Proposal for Organization of Chemotherapy and Systemic Therapy Services". Journal of Global Oncology. 3 (3): 271–274. doi:10.1200/JGO.2015.001818. PMC 5493213. PMID 28717770.
  13. ^ "Worldwide Guide to Women in Leadership – Republic of India". Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  14. ^ "Past Governors : Uma Shankar Dikshit". National Informatics Centre/Raj Bhavan. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  15. ^ a b Rajya Sabha Secretariat. "RAJYA SABHA MEMBERS BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES 1952 - 2003: Members S" (PDF). Rajya Sabha. Retrieved 2019-10-28.
  16. ^ "6th Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : NAYAR, DR. SUSHILA". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  17. ^ "6th Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : RAJ NARAIN SHRI". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  18. ^ "Tenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : RAY. SHRI RABI". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  19. ^ "Tenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : RAY. SHRI RABI". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  20. ^ "Detailed Profile: Smt. Mohsina Kidwai". Government of India. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  21. ^ "Biographical Sketch, Member of Parliament, XI Lok Sabha : RAO, SHRI P.V. NARASIMHA". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 24 October 2014.
  22. ^ "Fourteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Masood,Shri Rasheed". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 22 October 2014.
  23. ^ "Fourteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Chhatwal,Shri Sartaj Singh". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  24. ^ "Thirteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Thakur,Dr. Chandreshwar Prasad". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  25. ^ "Sixteenth Lok Sabha, Members Bioprofile : Swaraj,Smt. Sushma". loksabha.nic.in. National Informatics Centre/Lok Sabha. Archived from the original on 6 November 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
  26. ^ "Meet Narendra Modi's Council of Ministers". NDTV.com. 27 May 2014.

External linksEdit