Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Kazakhstan)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Kazakh: Сыртқы істер министрлігі, Syrtqy ister mınıstrligi; Russian: Министерство иностранных дел) is the Kazakh government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Kazakhstan.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Сыртқы істер министрлігі
Syrtqy ister mınıstrligi
Emblem of Kazakhstan latin.svg
Emblem of Kazakhstan
MFA Kazakhstan.jpg
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of Kazakhstan
HeadquartersNur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
Minister responsible
Parent departmentMinistry of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR
Websitehttp://mfa.gov.kz/

HistoryEdit

The history of Kazakh diplomacy dates back to the period of the Kazakh Khanate where the Khans initiated the development of diplomatic relations and implemented the foreign policy. The Khanate's main purpose in terms of diplomacy was to negotiate the expansion of territories, with the desire to create trade routes, the travel roads, and trade centres for international exchange.[1] The headquarters of the Kazakh khans had offices, which issued documents of a diplomatic and socio-economic nature. Kazakh khans appointed their envoys (known as ilchi), who were instructed to transmit messages and orders to neighboring rulers and governors.[2][3] The first modern Kazakh foreign ministry was formed in the early 1920s as the diplomatic office for the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.[4] This person who headed the Ministry was known as the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Turkestan ASSR, whose activities were regulated by the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the Turkestan ASSR.[5] The position of a Minister of Foreign Affairs appeared in February 1944 after the adoption of the Soviet Law "On Submission of Powers to the Union Republics in the Field of Foreign Relations and on the Transformation of the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs from the All-Union into Union-Republic People’s Commissariat".[6] This gave the Union republics the right to enter in direct relations with foreign states, however, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR performed all the main foreign policy functions. Kazakhstan's foreign ministry in its current form was founded in 1991 after the Kazakh SSR became the Republic of Kazakhstan and gained its independence from the Soviet Union.

List of MinistersEdit

 
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo with Foreign Minister Tileuberdi at the ministry.
Name Begin End
Toleutay Suleymenov December 1991 1994
Kanat Saudabayev 1994 1994
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev 1994 1999
Erlan Idrisov 1999 2002
Kassym-Jomart Tokayev June 2003 January 2007
Marat Tazhin January 11, 2007 September 4, 2009
Kanat Saudabayev September 4, 2009 April 11, 2011
Yerzhan Kazykhanov April 11, 2011 September 24, 2012
Erlan Idrisov September 28, 2012 December 28, 2016
Kairat Abdrakhmanov December 28, 2016 December 26, 2018
Beibut Atamkulov December 26, 2018 September 18, 2019
Mukhtar Tleuberdi September 18, 2019 Present

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit