Ministry of Defence (Belarus)
The Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Belarus (Russian: Министерство обороны Республики Беларусь; Belarusian: Мiнiстэрства абароны Рэспублікі Беларусь) is the government organisation that is charged with the duties of raising and maintaining the Armed Forces of Belarus. It is Belarus's ministry of defence.
|Министерство обороны Республики Беларусь (Russian)|
Мiнiстэрства абароны Рэспублікі Беларусь (Belarusian)
The building of ministry
|Formed||20 March 1992|
|Headquarters||Building 1 Kommunisticheskya Street Minsk, Belarus|
The formation of the ministry began in March 1992, after the events of 1991 in which the Soviet Union had effectively dissolved. The ministry was formed on the basis of the former Headquarters of the Soviet Army's Belorussian Military District. Seven officers have served as Minister of Defence of Belarus: Petr Chaus, Pavel Kozlovskii, Anatoly Kostenko, Leonid Maltsev (1995–96), Colonel General Alexander Chumakov, a Russian officer, (1996–2001), Yuriy Zhadobin (2009–2014), Andrei Ravkov (2014–2020), and Viktor Khrenin (2020–present).
The ministry is part of the Security Council of Belarus, interdepartmental meeting with a mandate to ensure the security of the state. The President, currently Alexander Lukashenko, appoints the Minister of Defence, who heads the ministry, as well as the heads of the armed services. These four appointees meet with the Secretary of the Security Council every two months. Security Council decisions are approved by a qualified majority of those present. Since 2020, the position of Minister of Defence has been filled by Major General Viktor Khrenin.
The following departments are under the control of the defence ministry:
- Central Support Elements
- Office of the Minister of Defense
- Deputy Ministers
- General Staff of the Armed Forces
- Main Operations Directorate
- Main Intelligence Directorate
- Main Organizational Mobilization Directorate
- Main Ideology Directorate
- Main Policy Directorate
- Department of Information-Analytics
- Department of Communications
- Department of Territorial Defense
- Department of Missile Forces and Artillery
- Department of Finance
- Food Management
- Clothing Management
- Military Medical Administration
- 432nd Main Military Clinical Medical Centre
- 592nd Military Clinical Medical Center
- 1134th Military Clinical Medical Center
- 23rd Sanitary and Epidemiological Center
- 222nd Medical Center of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces
- 223rd Aviation Medicine Center of the Air Force and Air Defense Forces
- 2335th Storage Base for Medical Equipment and Property
- Housing Management
- Other elements
Military educational institutionsEdit
- Military Academy of Belarus
- Minsk Suvorov Military School
- Border Guard Service Institute of Belarus
- Belarusian State University
- Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics
- Belarusian National Technical University
- Belarusian State Medical University
- Grodno State University
- Belarusian State University of Transport
- Belarusian State Academy of Aviation
Ministers of DefenseEdit
- Pyotr Chaus (1992)
- Pavel Kozlovski (1992–1994)
- Anatoly Kostenko (1994–1995)
- Leonid Maltsev (first term, 1996)
- Aleksandr Chumakov (1996–2001)
- Leonid Maltsev (second term, 2001–2009)
- Yury Zhadobin (2009–2014)
- Andrei Ravkov (2014–2020)
- Viktor Khrenin (2020–present)
First Deputy Minister of Defence — Chief of the General StaffEdit
- Nikolay Churkin (1992-1994)
- Leonid Maltsev (1994-1995)
- Aleksandr Petrovich Chumakov (1995-1997)
- Mikhail Kozlov (1997-2001)
- Sergey Gurulev (2001-2009)
- Petr Tikhonovsky (2009-2013)
- Oleg Belokonev (2014—2019)
- Alexander Volfovich (2020—2021)
- Viktor Gulevich (since 2021)
Deputy Ministers of DefenceEdit
Defence ministry buildingEdit
In the late 1940s, a hill above Śvisłač in the Pukhavichy District was used to lay the foundation for the HQ of the Belarusian Military District. The project was entrusted to the architect Valentin Gusev, who risked not demolishing the ancient buildings surrounding it. It later became the defense ministry in 1992.
The heraldic sign - the emblem of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus was approved in April 2003. The heraldic sign is a stylized golden image of the emblem of the Armed Forces, located in the center of a red figured shield (baroque type). The border of the shield is silvery.
The banner of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Belarus was approved by the decree of the President on November 17, 2000. The banner consists of a double panel, a staff with a pommel and an inflow, a cord with tassels and a banner ribbon.
- Yury Kasyanov, 'Maltsev's Reform,' NVO, No. 17, May 31–June 6, 2002, p.8. See also re Chaus, "Petr Chaus: schitayu, chto nam ne nuzhno …"', Krasnaya Zvezda, 16 July 1992.
- Richard Woff, 'Minsk: making limited progress with reform,' Jane's Intelligence Review, June 1996, 248. However, Woff dates Chumakov's appointment to 'late 1995.'
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