Ministers of Foreign Affairs (Kazakhstan)

Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan (Kazakh: Қазақстан Республикасының Сыртқы істер министрі, Qazaqstan Respublikasynyñ Syrtqy ıster ministrı; Russian. Министр иностранных дел Республики Казахстан) is an official in the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan, responsible for ensuring the implementation of foreign policy. He/She heads the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The President of the Republic of Kazakhstan can independently appoint and dismiss the minister without consulting the Parliament. The current foreign minister of Kazakhstan is Mūhtar Tıleuberdı.

FunctionsEdit

 
U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo with Foreign Minister Tıleuberdı.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan operates relying on the Regulation on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1118, dated October 28, 2004. The Minister is authorized to represent the Republic of Kazakhstan in relations with foreign states and international organizations within its competence, represents the Ministry in state bodies and other organizations. He also determines the duties and powers of deputies, appoints to positions and dismisses, promotes and imposes disciplinary penalties on the staff of the diplomatic service, determines the need for personnel of diplomatic service bodies, exercises other powers in accordance with the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan.[1]

HistoryEdit

The position of the head of a foreign affairs office on Kazakh territory was first documented during the period of existence of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, which was created in the initial period after the October Revolution of 1917.[2] This position was called the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Turkestan ASSR, whose activities were regulated by the Regulations on the Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the Turkestan Republic in the Russian Federation. The functional duties of the People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs of the Turkestan ASSR included political relations with foreign governments, patronage in foreign lands to trade and the interests of the republic, an application for the lawful protection of the citizens of the republic abroad.[3] The position of the Minister for Foreign Affairs in the modern sense appeared in February 1944 after the adoption of the USSR Law «On Submission of Powers to the Union Republics in the Field of Foreign Relations and on the Transformation of the People's Commissariat of Foreign Affairs from the All-Union into Union-Republic People’s Commissariat».[4] By then, all of the Union republics of the USSE gained the right to enter into direct relations with foreign states, with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR performing all of the main foreign policy functions. Between 1944–1974, the office also concurrently served as the office of the Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh SSR. The position of Kazakhstan's foreign minister in its current form was established in 1991 after the Kazakh SSR changed its name to the Republic of Kazakhstan and gained its independence from the Soviet Union.

List of MinistersEdit

This is a list of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan.

Name Position Begin End
Tölegen Täjıbaev People's Commissar for Foreign Affairs 1944 1946
Tölegen Täjıbaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1946 1953
Qaiyrğali Baiğaliev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1953 1955
Tölegen Täjıbaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1955 1958
Asqar Zakarin Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1958 1961
Öteşqali Atambaev Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1961 1963
Ädi Şärıpov Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1963 1966
Baljan Böltırıkova Deputy Chairmen of the Council of Ministers - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1966 1971
Mälık Fazylov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1973 1976
Müsılım Bazarbaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1976 1981
Mihail İsinaliev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1981 1989
Aqmaral Arystanbekova Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR 1989 December 1991
Töleutai Süleimenov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan December 1991 1994
Qanat Saudabaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan 1994 1994
Qasym-Jomart Toqaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan 1994 1999
Erlan Ydyrysov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan 1999 2002
Qasym-Jomart Toqaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan June 2003 January 2007
Marat Täjin Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan January 11, 2007 September 4, 2009
Qanat Saudabaev Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan September 4, 2009 April 11, 2011
Erjan Qazyhanov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan April 11, 2011 September 24, 2012
Erlan Ydyrysov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan September 28, 2012 December 28, 2016
Qairat Äbdırahmanov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan December 28, 2016 December 26, 2018
Beibıt Atamqūlov Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan December 26, 2018 September 18, 2019
Mūhtar Tıleuberdı Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan September 18, 2019 Present

ReferencesEdit