Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Hawaii)

The Minister of Foreign Affairs (Hawaiian: Kuhina o ko na Aina E) was a powerful office in the Kingdom of Hawaii, the Provisional Government of Hawaii and the Republic of Hawaii from 1843 to 1900. It made up one of the four offices of the monarchical or presidential cabinet which advised the Head of State of Hawaii on executive affairs. During the monarchy, ministers were also ex-officio members of the Privy Council and the House of Nobles in the legislature. During the republic, ministers were ex-officio members of both houses of the legislature. The head of state had the power to appoint the ministers but later Hawaiian constitutions limited the power the head of state had in removing the cabinet ministers by requiring a vote of no confidence from a majority of the elective members of the legislature. All acts of the head of state had to be countersigned by a minister.

Foreign Minister of
the Kingdom (Republic) of Hawaii
Kuhina o ko na Aina E
Flag of Hawaii.svg
AppointerMonarchs of Hawaii
President of Hawaii
Inaugural holderGerrit P. Judd
Formation1843

Ministers of Foreign AffairsEdit

# Name Picture Birth Death Assumed Office Left Office Notes Head of State
1 Gerrit Parmele Judd April 23, 1803 July 12, 1873 November 2, 1843 March 26, 1845 Kamehameha III
2 Robert Crichton Wyllie October 13, 1798 October 19, 1865 March 26, 1845 October 19, 1865 Kamehameha III, Kamehameha IV, and Kamehameha V
3 Charles de Varigny November 25, 1829 November 9, 1899 December 21, 1865 November, 1869 Office terminated after returning to France. Kamehameha V
4 Charles Coffin Harris June 9, 1822 July 2, 1881 December 21, 1869 August 25, 1872 Kamehameha V
5 Ferdinand William Hutchison circa 1819 May 20, 1893 September 10, 1872 January 10, 1873 Kamehameha V, Lunalilo
6 Charles Reed Bishop January 25, 1822 June 7, 1915 January 10, 1873 February 17, 1874 Lunalilo, Kalākaua
7 William Lowthian Green September 13, 1819 December 7, 1890 February 17, 1874 December 5, 1876 1st term Kalākaua
8 Henry Alpheus Peirce Carter August 7, 1837 November 1, 1891 December 5, 1876 March 1, 1878 Kalākaua
9 Henry Augustus Peirce December 15, 1808 July 29, 1885 March 1, 1878 July 3, 1878 Kalākaua
10 John Mākini Kapena 1843 October 23, 1887 July 3, 1878 August 14, 1880 Kalākaua
11 Celso Caesar Moreno 1830 May 22, 1901 August 14, 1880 August 19, 1880 Kalākaua
John Edward Bush February 15, 1842 June 28, 1906 August 19, 1880 September 22, 1880 acting Kalākaua
12 William Lowthian Green September 13, 1819 December 7, 1890 September 22, 1880 May 20, 1882 2nd term Kalākaua
13 Walter Murray Gibson March 6, 1822 January 21, 1888 May 20, 1882 June 30, 1886 1st term Kalākaua
14 Robert James Creighton circa 1835 May 22, 1893 June 30, 1886 October 13, 1886 Kalākaua
15 Walter Murray Gibson March 6, 1822 January 21, 1888 October 13, 1886 July 1, 1887 2nd term Kalākaua
16 Godfrey Brown January 9, 1928 July 1, 1887 December 28, 1887 Kalākaua
17 Jonathan Austin November 7, 1829 December 7, 1892 December 28, 1887 June 17, 1890 Kalākaua
18 John Adams Cummins March 17, 1835 March 21, 1913 June 17, 1890 February 25, 1891 Kalākaua, Liliuokalani
19 Samuel Parker June 23, 1853 July 4, 1920 February 25, 1891 November 1, 1892 1st term Liliuokalani
20 Joseph Kahoʻoluhi Nāwahī January 13, 1842 September 14, 1896 November 1, 1892 November 1, 1892 Liliuokalani
21 Mark Prever Robinson July 4, 1852 April 2, 1915 November 8, 1892 January 12, 1893 Liliuokalani
22 Samuel Parker June 23, 1853 July 4, 1920 January 13, 1893 January 17, 1893 2nd term Liliuokalani
23 Sanford Ballard Dole April 23, 1844 June 9, 1926 January 17, 1893 July 4, 1894 Served as Head of State also Himself as Head of Provisional Government
24 Francis March Hatch June 7, 1852 March 19, 1923 July 4, 1894 November 6, 1895 President Dole
25 Henry Ernest Cooper August 28, 1857 May 15, 1929 November 6, 1895 October 28, 1896 1st term President Dole
William Owen Smith August 4, 1848 April 13, 1929 October 28, 1896 December 26, 1896 acting President Dole
26 Henry Ernest Cooper August 28, 1857 May 15, 1929 December 26, 1896 April 17, 1897 2nd term President Dole
27 Samuel Mills Damon March 13, 1845 July 1, 1924 April 17, 1897 April 28, 1897 President Dole
28 Henry Ernest Cooper August 28, 1857 May 15, 1929 April 28, 1897 March 29, 1899 3rd term President Dole
29 Ernest Augustus Mott-Smith May 12, 1873 July 28, 1935 March 29, 1899 June 14, 1900 President Dole

See alsoEdit

Other members of the Hawaiian Cabinet

SourcesEdit

  • Ben Cahoon (ed.). "Hawaiian Governments 1795-1900". worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 2010-02-19.
  • William Fremont Blackman (1906). "Appendix A. List of Hawaiian Officials". The Making of Hawaii: a Study in Social Evolution. The Macmillan Company. pp. 241–243.
  • Newbury, Colin (2001). "Patronage and Bureaucracy in the Hawaiian Kingdom, 1840–1893". Pacific Studies. Laie, HI: Brigham Young University, Hawaii Campus. 24 (1–2): 1–38. OCLC 607265842. Archived from the original on 2012-04-15.
  • Thomas G. Thrum (1890). "A List of All the Cabinet Ministers Who Have Held Office in the Hawaiian Kingdom". All about Hawaii. Honolulu: Honolulu Star-Bulletin. pp. 92–97.