Minister of Agriculture (New Zealand)
The Minister of Agriculture is a ministerial portfolio in the government of New Zealand. It existed from 1889 until 2012, when the Ministry was merged into the larger Ministry of Primary Industries, and again from 2017 onwards as part of the Labour coalition government.
|Minister of Agriculture of New Zealand|
|Reports to||Prime Minister of New Zealand|
|Appointer||Governor-General of New Zealand|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Formation||17 October 1889|
|First holder||George Richardson|
George Richardson was the first holder of the office, and David Carter of the New Zealand National Party was the last before the merge. In the end, there was no Associate Minister of Agriculture, although the position had existed in the past. Carter became the first Minister of Primary Industries. During the Sixth Labour Government, the Primary Industries portfolio was again split into four - Agriculture, Fisheries, Biosecurity and Forestry. The current Minister of Agriculture is Damien O'Connor.
Responsibilities and powersEdit
Since 1998, the Minister of Agriculture was the Responsible Minister for the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, commonly known as MAF. Related portfolios included Minister for Biosecurity, Minister of Fisheries, Minister of Forestry, and in the past, Minister for Lands. Since 2017, the portfolio serves the Agriculture section within the Ministry for Primary Industries.
Between 1972 and 1977 the portfolio was titled "Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries"; it was changed on 1 September 1972 when Douglas Carter held the position, and it reverted when Duncan MacIntyre was in office. It was also briefly titled "Minister of Food, Fibre and Biosecurity", but responding to farmers' demands Labour returned it to "Minister of Agriculture" after winning the 1999 election.
List of Ministers of AgricultureEdit
|No.||Name||Portrait||Term of Office||Prime Minister|
|1||George Richardson||17 October 1889||24 January 1891||Atkinson|
|2||John McKenzie||24 January 1891||27 June 1900||Ballance|
|3||Thomas Young Duncan||2 July 1900||6 August 1906|
|4||Robert McNab||6 August 1906||30 November 1908||Ward|
|5||Joseph Ward||1 December 1908||1 May 1909|
|6||Thomas Mackenzie||1 May 1909||10 July 1912|
|7||William Massey||10 July 1912||12 August 1915||Massey|
|8||William MacDonald||12 August 1915||22 August 1919|
|9||William Nosworthy||4 September 1919||18 January 1926|
|10||Oswald Hawken||18 January 1926||24 August 1928|
|11||George Forbes||10 December 1928||28 May 1930||Ward|
|12||Alfred Murdoch||28 May 1930||22 September 1931||Forbes|
|13||David Jones||22 September 1931||8 January 1932|
|14||Charles MacMillan||8 January 1932||6 December 1935|
|15||Lee Martin||6 December 1935||21 January 1941||Savage|
|16||Jim Barclay||21 January 1941||18 October 1943|
|17||Ben Roberts||29 October 1943||19 December 1946|
|18||Ted Cullen||19 December 1946||13 December 1949|
|19||Keith Holyoake||13 December 1949||26 September 1957||Holland|
|20||Sidney Walter Smith||26 September 1957||12 December 1957|
|21||Jerry Skinner||12 December 1957||12 December 1960||Nash|
|22||William Gillespie||12 December 1960||23 April 1961||Holyoake|
|23||Thomas Hayman||2 May 1961||2 January 1962|
|24||Brian Talboys||24 January 1962||22 December 1969|
|25||Douglas Carter||22 December 1969||12 December 1957|
|26||Colin Moyle||8 December 1972||12 December 1975||Kirk|
|27||Duncan MacIntyre||12 December 1975||26 July 1984||Muldoon|
|(26)||Colin Moyle||26 July 1984||9 February 1990||Lange|
|28||Jim Sutton||9 February 1990||2 November 1990|
|29||John Falloon||2 November 1990||29 February 1996||Bolger|
|30||Lockwood Smith||29 February 1996||26 August 1998|
|31||John Luxton[nb 1]||26 August 1998||10 December 1999|
|(28)||Jim Sutton||10 December 1999||19 October 2005||Clark|
|32||Jim Anderton||19 October 2005||19 November 2008|
|33||David Carter||19 November 2008||14 December 2011||Key|
|2011-2017: No separate appointments|
|34||Damien O'Connor[nb 2]||26 October 2017||present||Ardern|
- as Minister for Food, Fibre and Biosecurity
- as Minister of Agriculture, Minister for Biosecurity, Minister for Food Safety and Minister for Rural Communities
- "Parliamentary Salaries and Allowances Determination 2016" (PDF). Parliament.nz. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
- Stringleman, Hugh; Peden, Robert. "Sheep farming – The refrigerated meat trade". Te Ara – the Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
- "Historical Developments". Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Archived from the original on 22 May 2010. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
- "Agriculture (J0004) – History & Notes". Archives New Zealand. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
- Wilson 1985, pp. 91, 94.
- Stevenson, Philippa (29 November 1999). "Rural sector looking for more than cosmetics in new policy". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 5 October 2009.
- Wood, G. A. "Holyoake, Keith Jacka". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 30 October 2012.